Fort McMurray wildfire ‘may be turning a corner, ‘ official tells

( CNN) The massive wildfire that forced the evacuation of virtually 90,000 people in Alberta demonstrates signs of slowing down, thanks to the hard work of firefighters and a turn in the weather.

A cold front did not bring expected showers Sunday night, but the area did consider lower temperatures and more humidity.


Canada wildfire may double in size


Video presents home burn from Fort McMurray fire

Donald Trump Is Winning Because White America Is Dying

Noam Chomsky, the renowned intellectual and MIT professor emeritus, says that the rise of Donald Trump in American politics is, in part, fueled by deeply rooted dread and hopelessness that may be caused by an alarming spike in mortality rates for a generation of poorly trained whites.

“He’s evidently appealing to deep feelings of fury, anxiety, annoyance, hopelessness, likely among sectors like those that are seeing an increase in mortality, something unheard of apart from war and catastrophe, ” Chomsky told The Huffington Post in an interview on Thursday.

Trump’s rise as the Republican presidential front-runner has been confounding for Americans across the political spectrum. The bombastic, billionaire demagogue has won three of the first four primary states and holds a result in the polls, both nationwide and in upcoming primary tournaments. He now appears poised to take an insurmountable delegate lead over the next several weeks, based on a platform of hate and vitriol targeted at women, Latinos, Muslims and other minorities.

A legion of less educated, working-class white men has fueled Trump’s rise. And while many say the business mogul is capitalizing on their fears about the perceived decline of white dominance in America, Chomsky tells those anxieties was likely to be killing them.

Life expectancy, in general, has increased steadily over time. And thanks largely to advances in health care, many people around the world live longer lives. There are exceptions, of course — during war or natural catastrophes, for example. But what’s happening now in America, he says, is “quite different.”

Despite vast wealth and modern medication, the U.S. has lower average life expectancy than many other nations. And while the average has been increasing recently, the gains are not evenly spread out. Wealthier Americans are living longer lives, while the poor are living shorter ones.

Poorly trained, middle-aged American white males are particularly affected, multiple recent analyzes suggest. While Americans from other age, racial and ethnic groups are living longer lives than ever before, this particularly segment of the population is succumbing faster.

A Nobel Memorial Prize-winning study on such issues found that the rising death rate for this group is not due to the ailments that commonly kill so many Americans, like diabetes and heart disease, but instead by an epidemic of suicides, liver illnes caused by alcohol abuse, and overdoses of heroin and prescription opioids.

“No war , no catastrophe, ” Chomsky tells, has caused the spiking mortality rate for this population. “Just the impact of policies over a generation that have left them, it seems, angry, without hope, frustrated, causing self-destructive behavior.”

That could well explain Trump’s appeal, he speculated.

In an interview with Alternet this week, Chomsky compared the poverty that many Americans now face with the conditions an older generation confronted during the course of its Great Depression.

“It’s interesting to compare the situation in the’ 30 s, which I’m old enough to remember, ” he said. “Objectively, poverty and agony were much greater. But even among poor working man and unemployed people, there was a sense of hope that is lacking now.”

Chomsky attributes some of that Depression-era hope to the growth of an aggressive labor movement and the existence of political organizations outside of the mainstream.

Today, however, he tells the mood is quite different for Americans who are deeply affected by poverty.

“[ They] are sinking into hopelessness, despair and indignation — not directed so much against the institutions that are the agents of the dissolution of their lives and world, but against those who are even more harshly victimized, ” he said. “Signs are familiar, and here it does provoke some memories of the rise of European fascism.”

Editor’s Note: Donald Trump is a serial liar , rampant xenophobe , racist , misogynist, birther and bully who has repeatedly pledged to ban all Muslims — 1.6 billion members of an entire religion — from entering the U.S.

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9 facts about cranberries that will make you reconsider your allegiance to Team Gravy.

Turkey’s great and stuffing has its place, but let’s be honest, November is the season for cranberries. And while this delicious berry stimulates its style to our tables( and our hearts) each vacation season, there’s a lot to learn about this curious little fruit.

1. Cranberries and America go waaaaaaaaay back.

This tart little fruit has a rich history in the United States. Cranberries are one of the three fruits native to America that are still commercially grown today . Native Americans used cranberries for food and medicine, as its anti-inflammatory capabilities induced it a powerful healing agent.

Image by How Does It Grow/ YouTube.

2. Cranberries got their name from an iconic bird.

Each springtime, small, pink blooms emerge on cranberry vines. They hang down in a cone shape, like the bill of a sandhill crane. As such, the fruit was originally called a “craneberry.” As language does when we get lazy with it, it gradually shifted to “cranberry.”

Cranberry flowers in spring. Image via How Does It Grow/ Youtube.

3. Contrary to popular belief( and all those Ocean Spray commercials) cranberries don’t actually grow underwater.

When you assure pictures of cranberry fields, it often seems as though the berries grow in water, but that’s absolutely no truth to the rumors. Cranberries grow on vines in wetland beds layered with sand, gravel, clay, and peat, which is partially decomposed vegetable matter.

These sunken beds are called bogs.

A cranberry bog close-up. Image via How Does It Grow/ Youtube.

Farmers inundated the bogs twice each year first, in December, to protect the dormant cranberry plants from severe wintertime weather.

All GIFs via How Does It Grow/ Youtube.

Then the following October, farmers flood the bog once more and use commercial tools to shake the vines and release the ripe berries, which float on the water.

Then farmers corral the fruit and load it onto trucks. This process is called a wet harvest.

4. About 768 million pounds of cranberries are grown in the U.S. each year.

Americans consume about 400 million pounds of the tart fruit, and nearly 20% of the harvest is gobbled up the week of Thanksgiving. Sorry, gravy.

That’s not Mars. Those are cranberries on the surface of the water before they’re corralled onto a truck. GIF via How Does It Grow/ Youtube.

5. The state that produces the most cranberries in the world is best known for producing cheese.

You can find commercial cranberry bogs in Massachusetts, New Jersey, Oregon, and Washington. And while the state is best known for cheese, Wisconsin is actually the # 1 producer of cranberries in the world, raising over 450 million pounds in 2012.

University of Wisconsin-Madison Chancellor Rebecca Blank( left) and Kate VandenBosch, dean of the College of Agricultural and Life Science, wade into knee-deep water at Cranberry Creek Cranberries Inc. in Necedah, Wisconsin. Photo by Jeff Miller/ UW-Madison, used in conjunction with permission.

6. Merely 5% of cranberries are sold as fresh fruit.

The rest are sold as juice, cranberry sauce, as dried cranberries, or powdered for medicines.

Image via How Does It Grow/ Youtube.

7. There are nearly 10 pounds of cranberries in a gallon of cranberry juice.

That’s about 4,400 berries to a bottle! Holy freaking cranberries, Batman!

Photo by Andrew Yee/ Flickr .

8. There are eight places in the U.S. named Cranberry, or a close fluctuation of the word.

Including not one but two places called Cranberry Township in Pennsylvania, which isn’t confounding at all. Sadly , none of these places are neighbors to Turkey, Texas, or Turkey Creek, Louisiana, which seems like a real missed opportunity if you ask me.

Over the river and through the woods to Cranberry! Photo by Gerrit Quast/ Flickr .

9. Cranberries are rich in antioxidants and helpful nutrients.

Cranberries are a super-fruit of kinds, with many concentrated health benefits. The berries are a natural source of lutein, which is great for eye health, and quercetin, which acts as an anti-inflammatory and may reduce the risk of atherosclerosis.

Farmers harvest cranberries from a inundated bog at Cranberry Creek Cranberries. Photo by Jeff Miller/ UW-Madison.

All this to say that cranberries are pretty darn amazing.

They are good for your body, a big boost for the economy, and one of America’s oldest and most beloved crops. They’re not the new turkey, but in the war of side dishes and turkey accompaniments, cranberries are definitely giving gravy a run for its money.

Mmmmm cranberry sauce. In your face, gravy. Photo by didriks/ Flickr .

See the cranberry growing process from start to finish in this short video from How Does It Grow:

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On Iran, Trump becomes a prisoner of his own hyperbole

( CNN) In receding the US from the Iran nuclear bargain, President Donald Trump is taking a huge gamble. And aside from his desire to refute everything done by his predecessor, President Barack Obama, it’s really hard to see why he is making this decision.

That the deal is working is also the considered position of some of the most hawkish Israelis — for instance, Ehud Barak, who is a former Israeli prime minister and former defense minister as well as a former chief of staff of the Israeli army.

As lately as Monday, Barak told the Daily Beast that the Iranians have “kept the letter of the agreement quite systematically …[ and] all in all it delays the new starting point or countdown towards a nuclear capability.”

Hangar creates $6.5 million to give companies all the drone data they want without “ve had to” fly themselves

Drones and pilots legally permitted to fly them are here in spades. So American business are scrambling to figure out how to use dronings to gain a competitive advantage.

Recent instances find Travelers Insurance employing dronings to inspect properties after Hurricane Matthew, and Hahn Estate Winery using dronings to monitor the health and density of vegetation on their vineyards, and forensic researchers have used dronings to find interred bodies .

Now, Hangar Technology, an Austin, Texas startup, has raised $6.5 million for technology that lets firms get all the business intelligence they want out of dronings, without “ve had to” pilot them, or crunch the billions of data points that they generate.

A firm that was early to invest in drone tech , Lux Capital, led the investment joined by mobility-focused Fontinalis Partner.

Hangarsco-founders are no strangers to the droning industry or enterprise software.

Hangar President Colin Guinn was the CEO and founder of DJI Northern america, and CIO of DJI Innovations. He more recently ran at 3D Robotics as its Chief Revenue Officer, until the company pivoted away from customer hardware.

And Hangar Chief Executive Officer, Jeff DeCoux, previously founded and was CEO of several enterprise tech companies including an early manufacturer of client relationship management software, SMART Technologies, which was acquired by i2 Technology in a stock deal originally valued at $68 million in 1999, which reportedly ballooned to be worth over$ 1 billion, in accordance with the merger.

Colin Guinn, President and co-founder of Hangar Technology, operating a 3DR Solo drone .

Guinn told, Theres already so much unbelievable droning hardware and software out there. We want to help enterprises around the world to easily acquire aerial data. And we want to help people who are droning proprietors and operators to get out and do more of what they love. They may not love business development and sales as much as flying their drones.

Several startups promise to give individuals or business an easy way to find and book a drone pilot for a devoted job. Marketplaces like DroneBase,, Dronelancer , or the Drone Mapping Directoryrecently launched by DroneDeploy, are a few options.

But what Hangar is proposing is decidedly higher-tech.

According to Lux Capitals Bilal Zuberi, Hangar is not a services business, or the other pure marketplace play. They are constructing a software platform to automate aerial data acquisition as well as analysis for multiple commercial and industrial verticals.

Commercial drone operations today are largely manual in nature, from mission design and planning to flight control and data analysis. Hangar automates all of this, enabling rapid scalability without requiring expert pilots and drone operations managers.

The idea is that collecting and investigating droning data for commercial employs would be as simple as depicting up to a locating with the properly equipped drone, and pressing one button on an app to complete a chore in full.

Made to order maps, graph, photos or videos would just show up in a Hangar clients inbox or data gathered by drones would populate a companys designated systems, with little effort on their part.

Hangar has been testing an early version of its software and platform in a private beta with commercial drone pilots and building and real estate businesses in Austin, Texas, Guinn said.

Constructioncompanies use Hangar to survey land where they may develop a build, and to track progress made on a given site. Doing so helps with everything from accounting to scheduling delivery of suppliesthere.

Hangar, which hires 30 full-time today, expects to use its funding for employ, strategic acquisitions, research and product growth, Guinn said.

Zuberi expects the sizable seed investment should last Hangar 18 to 24 months. Investors and executives believethat Hangar may find anadvantage in its Austin location as cost of living is lower there than in other tech hubs, buttech talent is still abundant.

Even though the company was merely founded this year, Hangar is alreadyrevenue- and profit-generating.

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Paris calls on Macron to act over squalid migrant camps

President urged to provide shelter for thousands living in catastrophic conditions

Paris city politicians have called on the government to provide shelter for more than 2,000 migrants and refugees sleeping rough under bridges and by canals in what aid groups describe as” catastrophic sanitary conditions “.

One camp of hundreds of tents squeezed under a motorway bridge by the Canal Saint-Denis near Porte de la Villette was home to around 1,600 people, constructing it one of the biggest makeshift migrant camps in France.

Men and some females, who aid workers say have escaped violence and tyranny in countries such as Sudan and Eritrea, are crammed into tents on a pavement with no proper sanitation.

Hundreds began meeting there during cold weather at the start of the year, and numbers had grown in recent months. There is one water point , no showers and fewer than a dozen temporary toilets.

Charities told people traffickers were targeting the camp where some migrants and refugees were still considering trying to cross the Channel to the UK. People sleeping rough there dreaded theft and violence.

The French citizens’ rights ombudsman, Jacques Toubon, has denounced living conditions at the camps in the north of the town as an unacceptable denial of fundamental rights. The Socialist mayor of Paris’s 19 th arrondissement, Francois Dagnaud, warned of a “humanitarian disaster”, and the mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, urged the government to provide shelter and fix the “inhuman” situation.

The Paris area prefect’s office has said plans were being considered to send police to evacuate the camp later this month, which would involve bussing people to temporary accommodation.

Aid groups said the latest camps were part of a vicious cycle in Paris over the past three years, whereby camps of migrants and refugees have been cleared by riot police, only to spring up again. There have been more than 30 such evacuations since 2015.

At the Canal Saint-Denis camp, men and women- mobbed around the taps at the only water phase- spoke of the physical and mental exhaustion from living outside in the cold.

Habib , not his real name, had fled from Sudan. The 18 -year-old had been in Calais and Le Havre on the northern French coast, hoping to reach the UK.” From Calais it was impossible, the police were targeting us .”

He said he arrived two months ago at the Paris camp where some humen were crammed three to a tent, but he slept outside. He couldn’t sleep at night, he told, because of mental health problems haunting him from Sudan, the journey to flee his home and the feeling of insecurity here. He had travelled through Libya where he had been stuck for a year in “brutal” conditions, with” mafia stealing our fund” before a dangerous boat journey to Italy.

Some days he found food, others not.” I only want to study, to find a life. I don’t know what to do. There’s no school , no food , no bed , no newspapers .”

He said he still wanted to get to the UK” because in England you don’t sleep on the street “.

The mayor of Paris Anne Hidalgo visits a makeshift camp in April. Photo: Julien de Rosa/ EPA

A 21 -year-old from Senegal said:” There’s no real shelter. Rain leaks in and soaks you. No one sleeps properly. But where else can people run ?”

Children and women at the camp tended to be moved to emergency accommodation by Paris authorities, but local politicians have demanded the governmental forces provide shelter to all rough sleepers here and at two other camps where hundreds more are gathered.

Louis Barda, the Paris coordinator for the French medical aid group Medecins du Monde, told of the Canal Saint-Denis camp:” It has become a phase of transit, with some people dropped off by traffickers. You can see people arriving with pouches, some come to ask us what country they are in .”

He said health issues, such as respiratory and scalp problems, were a result of the” catastrophic sanitary conditions” of sleeping on the ground and in the rainfall. His squad had psychological is supportive of people who had experienced war, rape and torment, but often people also needed legal supporting because of pressure over administrative issues.

Paris has long faced problems of migrants and asylum seekers sleeping rough, separate to issues around Calais where a notorious makeshift camp of up to 8,000 people was dismantled 18 months ago.

Macron’s new controversial immigration law seeks to criminalise illegal border crossing, and speed up the process for asylum petitions and for expelling migrants unable to claim asylum. Assistance groups have argued it does not set out a long-term system to receive and provide shelter for those arriving in France.

A number of people sleeping rough in Paris had been fingerprinted on arrival in another European Union country, often Italy, and were subject to the “Dublin regulations” allowing them to be returned there. But in reality, thousands of people in this situation were sleeping rough in Europe, stuck in an administrative no-man’s land in a system that did not work, charities said.

Pierre Henry, of the NGO France Terre d’Asile, said that in the immediate term, those sleeping rough out Paris camps must be given shelter.” I would say to decision-makers: open your eyes, get everyone around the table- local authorities, assistance organisations- and construct lasting solutions .”

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Here’s Why You Should Start Meditating With Your SO

We meditate on our own and we meditate with groups, but meditating with our partners doesn’t happen as often. Taking that time to meditate with your significant other, though, is one way to strengthen the bond and be enhanced the quality of your relationship.

Consider all of the health benefits associated with meditating on your own — a calm intellect, feeling more was linked to yourself, feeling grounded, improved mental clarity and reduced stress.

Now imagine coming out of a co-meditating session and spending the rest of your day or weekend in that happy space with your partner. Not only do you reap the post-meditating benefits together in the hours and days that follow a conference, but you have also shared a powerful experience together.

How To Have ASelf-Guided Co-Meditation Session

Mental coachAl Fuentes tells,

One of the most important things about a couple’s meditation is that it be a guided experience, as in a guided meditation or visualization.The reason why is because you want bothbrains experiencing the same thing. There’s about to become a natural, connected energy when that happens and this is critical because when you experience something special with someoneelse, there is a strong bond that just naturally forms.

So how do you do this with your SO? You have to be in the same space, for starters. If you’re in a long-distance relationship, Skype or FaceTime can serve as an alternative, but being in the same room is a major key here.

Once you’re together in a quiet, peaceful space — a garden, your home, a sanctuary or elsewhere — sit facing each other with your eyes closed. Start by focusing on the rhythm, audio and feeling of your own breath.

From there, begin actively relaxing each part of your body, bit by bit, as you continue breathing. Step away from your thoughts as best as you can, guiding yourself back to your body and breathing when supposes interrupt you. Do all of this individually, but at the same day, so that both of you can find that calm, focused space. Fuentes adds,

The next part of the guided visualization is to use that space to connect to each other.This is done in a way where it allows you to feel your own power, your own energy and your own breath within the other person.

He explains that, because your eyes are still shut, it remains an individual experience at the base level. However, having your partner there and being actively aware of his or her presence, takes your co-session to the next level.

Continue visualizing your partner in your intellect as you’re breathing, tells Fuentes and then envisage the air you’re breathing in as a whitelight filling your heart. He says to visualize sending that white illumination from your heart to your partner’s as you continue breath in and out. As you’re breathing, think about your partner in their best light and inwardly say the words, I love you, to your partner or suppose other positive believes. You can even hold each other’s hands to feel a greater connection.

The next step is watching what it’s like to simply be happy exactly where you’re at. Whatever the circumstances are, whatever the conditions are, merely to be free, light and happy in the moment. Then open your eyes and look at your partner as you keep breathing for about 10 breaths together. What this does is it takes what is in the visualization and brings it to the real world, allowing you tosync up with your partner in the active brain. It maintains that connection longer and stronger.

Repeat this as often as you like with your partner for about 10 to 15 minutes each conference. The more consistently you do it, the better. You’ll begin to feel the powerful consequences in as little as the first session, but most definitely in the weeks and months that are consistent with a consistent regimen.

Other Ways To Be More Mindful With Your Partner

Meditating alone and with your partner can provide a greater quality of life by improving your overall mental help and strengthening the bonds of your relationships.

You can also take the habits gained from active meditation and apply them to your everyday life, especially where your partner is involved. Consider these simple techniques a complement to your co-meditating sessions.

During sexuality : Make love mindfully, tells Dr. Kathy Gruver, a health and wellness lecturer specializing in mind-body medicine. Be fully present, touch one another, focus on each other’s breath, body and motions and be aware of your physical and mental connection. The long hug : Simply holdingeach other, even if it’s only for a minute, can construct you feel more was linked to your partner. Gazing into each other’s eyes : Take a few minutes holding hands and staring into each other eyes, indicates Dr. Gruver. It brings you back to the present moment and can actually be quite an emotional experience. Eating : Put the cell phone down and focus on the food and each other. Stimulate it a full-night experience by planning and cooking a meal together, then been sufficiently tuned into each other while you enjoy the meal.

Happy bonding!

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NHS protest: Tens of thousands march against ‘hospital cuts’ – BBC News

Image copyright AFP

Tens of thousands of people – including NHS employees, campaigners and union representatives – have marched in London to protest against “yet more austerity” in the health service.

Protesters on the #OurNHS march wanted to draw attention to plans which could see hospital services in nearly two-thirds of England cut back.

Union leaders say many NHS services “are on their knees”.

The Department of Health tells it is investing an extra 4bn in the NHS.

Organisers say that “at least 250,000 ” people took part in the march, which began in Tavistock Square and ended in Westminster, where speakers including Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn addressed the crowd.

There is no official calculate of the numbers who took proportion.

Media captionAerial footage presents thousands of people filling Parliament Sq

Mr Corbyn called for the government to provide more funding for the health service in next week’s Budget.

Speaking to the protesters in Parliament Square, he told: “The NHS is in crisis, in crisis because of the underfunding in social care and the people not get the care and support they need.

“It is not the flaw of the staff. It is the fault of a government who have made a political choice.”

The protest organisers say the government’s proposed Sustainability Transformation Plans( STPs) across the NHS in England are a “smokescreen for further cuts” and the “latest instruments of privatisation”.

These proposals involve the complete closure of some hospitals and the centralising of some services such as A& E and stroke care on fewer sites.

Image copyright Reuters Image caption Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn addressed the crowd in Parliament Square

Last month the BBC revealed that hospital services in nearly two-thirds of England could be cut or scaled back.

NHS England said the money saved from hospital budgets would be reinvested into community service.

An NHS spokesman added that although budgets were increasing, they were not keeping pace with demand.

He added: “NHS leaders want to redirect resources in some cases to try and build the money go further.”

10 charts which depict why the NHS is in trouble Media captionNurses, a educator, and a novelist explain why they joined the march Image caption About 150 coaches are thought to have brought protesters from across the country to the procession in London

Police Facebook posts joking about ‘Ebola meth’ lead to at least one arrest

Police departments are posting that anyone who has illegal drugs should stop by the station for testing because the medications might contain the deadly disease

The joke has shown up on police department Facebook pages in at least two states: anyone in possession of methamphetamine or other illegal drugs should stop by the police station for testing because the narcotics might somehow contain Ebola.

In Granite Shoals, Texas, one such post, labeled a breaking news alerting in block letters, was shared thousands of periods. It even netted an apprehend, which the local police department then reported on its Facebook page.

Police tell menaces about Ebola meth are a fun, harmless version of bait automobiles or other stings they set up to catch criminals in the act, even if the joke alludes to what was once an actual global public health crisis.

We did have several people actually contact us to find out if there really was Ebola in the meth, Mitch Bratton, the police chief in Grayson, Louisiana, said in an interview Monday.

It opened the door for us to talk about the dangers of meth, Bratton told, adding that in his town, meth is most definitely a lot bigger problem than any chance of Ebola.

Some version of the threat of Ebola meth has shown up in at the least four other countries, according to the website Snopes, which tracks and debunks internet hoaxes.

An often fatal virus, Ebola last caused global anxiety two years ago when an outbreak in west Africa killed more than 10,000 people, according to the World Health Organization. One person who was sick in the United States succumbed: a Liberian human who ended up in the hospital days after arriving in Dallas. Two nurses who treated him became infected but survived.

Disease experts say Ebola is spread through linked with the bodily fluids of an infected person.

But the police in Granite Shoals urged people not to take their gag too seriously.
We at the GSPD like to show all parts of the enforcement world on Facebook and that includes our sense of humour, the department said in one post.

The department, which did not respond to several calls Monday trying remark, said on Facebook that the win of the Facebook post challenge was Chasity Hopson, a 29 -year-old woman now charged with possession of less than 1 gram of a controlled substance.

Hopson was being held on $ 5,000 bond. She did not have a lawyer listed in court records who could comment on her behalf and several phone numbers listed for her were disconnected.

Clint McNear, a law enforcement consultant and retired police officer, compared Ebola meth posts to a tactic he once used: calling a person with an outstanding warrant to say someone had turned in a billfold full of money with the persons name on it.

Clever ideas to catch felons[ are] not new, McNear said. And as the criminal evolves, law enforcement evolves with them.

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Trump’s Decision To Keep Parks Open During Shutdown Puts Politics Before Safety

WASHINGTON — As a government shutdown grew increasingly likely the coming week, the Trump administration scrambled to find a way to hold America’s national parks and monuments open — albeit without rangers, restrooms and other visitor services.

While the federal government appears woefully unprepared for a shutdown generally, the motivation for this particular exception is quite clear: President Donald Trump and his team are looking to avoid the fiery backlash that the previous administration faced when it shuttered parks and monuments in 2013.

It’s a move that puts natural and cultural resources at risk, critics warn.

Jon Jarvis, the former director of the National Park Service, dubbed it “incredibly idiotic.” The park service is not going to be able to live up to its stewardship responsibilities, he told HuffPost on Friday.

“The great thing about national park is that when visitors come, they have a certain expectation of the experience, ” Jarvis said. “That there will be rangers on duty. There will be information at the visitor centre . … If they get lost, we’re going to find them. If they get injured, we’re going to rescue them.”

What induces the U.S. park system the best in the world, he told, “is a professional corps of managers in the field that provide for that experience and protect the resource.”

The Trump administration has notified National Park Service officials across the country to maintain public access at parks “unless access presents a serious and imminent threat to human life, security, or health, or a serious and imminent threat to the condition of a sensitive natural or culture resource.”

Major national parks, including Yellowstone, Grand Teton, Yosemite and the Grand Canyon, were all scheduled to be open Saturday morning. Many war monuments and battlefields are also managed by the National Park Service. And Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke posted a photo early Saturday of himself with students at an open National World War II Memorial.

During a 16 -day shutdown in 2013 — in the first year of President Barack Obama’s second term, when Republican controlled the House of Representative and Democrats had a majority in the Senate — national parks and monuments were closed across the country. Roadblocks were erected around the National Mall in Washington. Signs were put up that read “Because of the Federal Government SHUTDOWN, All National Parks Are CLOSED.” Vacations were ruined. Tv news aired footage of military veterans busting through sieges to access war memorials.

If that experience proved anything, it was that closing parks and monuments is indisputably unpopular. And despite having previously threatened a shutdown, Trump seems to understand that Americans could be quick to blame him for any federal closes they don’t like.

A day before the 2013 shutdown, Trump told Fox News that “problems start from the top.” When people look back decades later, he said, they’re “going to be talking about the president of the United States — who was the president at that time? ”

Similarly, Zinke — who oversees an bureau that utilizes more than 70,000 people and manages 500 million acres of land, including the 59 national parks — has spoken about the important role those parks play in how Americans view the federal government. In a speech to bureau staff on his second day as secretary, Zinke called the parks “the face” of the Interior Department.

“For a lot of the millions of people who visit our parks every year, you’re the face, ” he told. “So your uniforms, showing up every day, your professionalism, is how the majority of members of America views our department. And that’s an enormous responsibility.”

With the Republican-controlled Congress demonstrating unable to fund the government by midnight Friday, visitors to U.S. parks, monuments and monuments are expected to face bare-bones operations — open access without those greeting uniformed professionals.

Interior spokeswoman Heather Swift said in a statement Thursday that those public places would “remain as accessible as possible” in the event of a shutdown.

“The American public and especially our veterans who come to our nation’s capital should find war memorials and open-air parks open to the public, ” she said. “Additionally, many of our national parks, refuges, and other public lands will still try to allow limited access wherever possible.”

But former Interior officials warned that the administration’s attempt to save face could backfire.

“With this new direction — where some things are open, some things are not, some things are going to be maintained, some things are not — and you’re asking them to figure this out on the fly in 24 hours, ” Jarvis said. “That’s where it’s going to be a great deal of chaos.”

Sally Jewell, who served as secretary of the interior during the 2013 shutdown, told The Atlantic that clearly the administration is trying to “reduce the hot, ” but it’s “naive” to think that a few police officer can protect these sites.

“It’s not realistic, ” she said, “and I think it’s a lack of understanding of the roles that so many people play in the parks and, frankly, what[ roles] volunteers play in the parks as well.”

And Kate Kelly, public lands director at the Center for American Progress and an Interior official during the Obama administration, accused Zinke of “using the national parks as pawns in certain political game.”

“The National Park Service’s mission shouldn’t be held together by duct videotape and bailing wire in order to lessen the public’s blowback on the party that controls Congress and the White House, ” she said in an email.

As the head of the park service during the 2013 shutdown, Jarvis recollects facing a lot of the criticism. He remembers the spate of media articles about parks being closed, the local economic agony, the angry tourists, the bridals that had to be relocated.

“It’s painful, ” he told. “The park service dislikes to do this stuff. We love to have the public come and find us.”

But that doesn’t justify maintaining these sites open without proper staffing and services, he advised. Jarvis compared the plan to ordering the Smithsonian to close its doors but bringing its collect outside for everyone to see.

“It’s not like these areas are impervious to impact, to vandalism, to terrorism assaults, to damage, ” he said.

CORRECTION : A previous version of this story incorrectly stated that Republicans controlled both chambers of Congress in 2013. Merely the House of Representatives had a Republican majority .

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