A 12 Diet Cokes-a-day habit like Trump’s is worth changing

( CNN) President Donald Trump downs a dozen Diet Cokes each day, The New York Times reported this weekend. His love of the bubbly beverage is shared by many Americans and at least one of his predecessors. President Bill Clinton was often photographed with a can in his hand and reportedly placed a Diet Coke — along with a now-outdated cell phone and other items — in a day capsule at his official presidential library.

So, what happens to those who drink a dozen cans daily of the caramel-colored elixir, which contains a mix of the sweetener aspartame and artificial and natural flavors, among other ingredients?

Some research been shown that artificially sweetened drinkings can increase one’s appetite and the desire for sweets. This effect was linked to aspartame, the most frequently used sweetener in diet liquors, which generates a similar reaction in the body as sugar. Simply 30 minutes after drinking either a diet soda containing aspartame or the same sum of regular soda( with sucrose ), the body reacts with similar concentrations of glucose and insulin.

Trump Protesters In New York Want To ‘Help Ivanka Move’

Ivanka Trump, future First Daughter, is leaving her birthplace of Manhattan for the swamplands of Washington , D.C . the city her parent, President-elect Donald Trump, and her husband, soon-to-be Senior White House Advisor Jared Kushner, will also call home.

To mark the occasion, the artists and activists behind the Dear Ivanka Instagram account are scheming a demonstration. On Monday, Jan. 16., the Halt Action Group will host a Help Ivanka Move protest, hauling boxes to the NYC residence of Ivanka and Jared in an effort to send a not-so-subtle message to the members of the Trump administration.

Say goodbye to: a poster for the planned demo reads, subsequently listing things like freedom of speech, affordable healthcare, LGBT rights, womens health, climate change and nuclear regulation, and immigrant rights.

The boxes represent liberties that people are fearful of losing, Halt Action Group wrote in a press release.

Halt Action Group

The Dear Ivanka Instagram account started sharing portraits of the famous tycoons last year. The images, filled with impossibly chic gowns and picturesque household poses, are affixed with provocative captions like Dear Ivanka, Im an American Muslim and I was attacked on the metro, and As a good Jewish mother, what will you tell your kids @dear_ivanka when Steve Bannon infects the White House with his anti-Semitic ideologies?

Halt Action Group hosted their first NYC demonstration on Nov. 28, 2016, reportedly collecting around 500 people in front of the Puck Building, owned by Kushners family. Artists like Cecily Brown, Rob Pruitt, and Marilyn Minter were in attendance.( All three and more are expected to be at the Jan. 16 event, too .)

For those members of the public interested in attending the Jan. 16 demonstration, Halt Action Group provides two simple instructions: Construct a box+ show up.

Read more: www.huffingtonpost.com

Auschwitz guard jailed for five years in Holocaust murder trial

Nazi death camp guard Reinhold Hanning, 94, sentenced for role in facilitating massacre at camp in Nazi-occupied Poland

A 94 -year-old former Auschwitz death camp guard has been convicted of being an accessory to the murder of 170,000 people at the end of a four-month trial which is likely to be the last of its kind.

Reinhold Hanning was sentenced on Friday to five years in prison for his role in facilitating the carnage at the Auschwitz death camp in Nazi-occupied Poland, although he will remain free pending appeal.

The trial, held at the Detmold court in west Germany, represented equally a last chance to establish a historical reckoning with the Nazi Holocaust as an opportunity to bring the retired dairy farmer to justice more than 70 years after the end of the war.

You were in Auschwitz for two and a half years, performed an important function, said the judge, Anke Grudda. You were part of war criminals organisation and took part in criminal activity in Auschwitz. Grudda said Hanning could have chosen a different track.

It is not true that you had no choice; you could have asked to be transferred to the war front, she told him.

Hanning showed no reaction.

Scores of Holocaust survivors and historians gave witnes to the court, but Hanning who became a junior squadron leader with the SS avoided their gaze. The prosecutions lawsuit was built on the premise that, however low his rank, Hannings presence at Auschwitz attained him part of the Nazi death machine and that he should therefore share responsibility for the Holocaust in which 6 million people, mostly European Jews, were murdered.

On Friday Hedy Bohm, an Auschwitz survivor who came from Toronto to testify at the trial and for the verdict, said she was grateful and pleased by this justice finally after 70 years.

It is my dream to be in Germany, in a German court, with German magistrates recognise the Holocaust, the 88 -year-old said.

Leon Schwarzbaum, another survivor from Berlin, said he would have liked Hanning to use the trial as an opportunity to speak more about what happened at the camp so that future generations would know.

It is a just verdict, but he should say more, is the truth for the young people, Schwarzbaum, 95, told the AP. He is an old man and probably wont have to go to jail, but he should say what happened at Auschwitz. Auschwitz was like something the world has never seen.

One of the most dramatic moments of the trial went when Schwarzbaum took to the witness stand and told Hanning to speak out before he died. Mr Hanning, we are virtually the same age and soon we will face our final judge. I would like to ask you to tell the historical truth here, just as I am, he said.

Until 2011, prosecutions for involvement in the Holocaust is no more than considered possible if it could be proved the individual was directly responsible for murder or torment. The Hanning case has concentrated on the Hungary Operation, which took place over three months, from May to July 1944, when about 425,000 Hungarian Jews were deported to Auschwitz, in Nazi-occupied Poland; 300,000 of them were gassed to death immediately on arrival.

Prosecutors argue that the episode serves to underline the industrialised nature of the Nazi slaughter machine that depended on the participation of a massive network of people carrying out orders, however large or small. They have rendered evidence that Hanning was in Auschwitz during the Hungary operation and is hence immediately implicated.

Initially, Hanning refused to speak, provoking frustration and fury among the survivors in the courtroom and those in accordance with the trial around the world. Indignation by his silence, Angela Orosz, 71, who was born at the concentration camp in December 1944, flew from her home in Toronto, Canada, shortly after the start of the proceedings and took to the witness stand to recommend him: You know what happened to all the people. You enabled their slaying. Tell us! Tell us !

Orosz told the Guardian that what mattered was what Hanning told the court about what happened in Auschwitz, what he did in Auschwitz, what he saw in Auschwitz, because it would go on record and enter the history books, so that even if some people might say the Jews are lying they will hear from the mouth of the Nazi what[ actually] happened.

Auschwitz
Auschwitz survivor Leon Schwarzbaum presents an old photo indicating himself( left) next to his uncle and parents who all succumbed at the death camp. Photo: Bernd Thissen/ AP

Hanning did not divulge any of the details of his working life at the camp but he made a amaze statement in April asking for forgiveness. I was silent my whole life, he told a hushed tribunal, which strained to hear his quiet, rasping, voice.

I want to say to you that Im profoundly regretful at having belonged to a criminal organisation that was responsible for the death of vast numbers of people, for the demolition of countless numbers of families, for suffering, torment and agony on the part of the victims and their relatives. I am ashamed to have stood by and watch those injustices happen and to have done nothing to prevent them.

In an earlier statement read by his lawyer, Johannes Salmen, Hanning insisted he had been sent to Auschwitz after he was injured in the head by a grenade in Kiev. The head of my division told Hanning, you cant even wear a helmet, so he thought it a good notion to send me to Auschwitz for internal service, he said.

In his closing statement, Salmen was contended that his clients age where reference is joined the SS he was 18 when he joined the Totenkopf( Deaths Head) division should be considered to be a mitigating factor. You cant act today as if the defendant was a fully-grown human back then who knew just what he was doing, he told. But some of the survivors, who had come from Canada, Britain, Hungary, the US and Germany to give witness statements, were angered by what they assured as Hannings suggestion that he could not have avoided being sent to serve in Auschwitz. Thomas Walther, a lawyer for some of the co-plaintiffs, said his statement was without substance.

The trial, like others in recent years, devoted survivors the chance to speak out for the first time. This is to do with hurling light on what happened, with ensuring that something like this never happens again, told Marcus Goldbach, a lawyer for one of the victims.

Court proceedings have been reduced to simply two hours a day to take into account Hannings poor health and age. Hanging over the proceedings and other similar cases in which ageing men have been brought to trial for their role as concentration camp employees is the question of what good it can do to punish people so late in life and in bad health.

Hannings trial followed that of Oskar Grning, an SS recruit known as the book-keeper of Auschwitz, who in 2015 received a four-year prison sentence for his role as an Auschwitz guard. He has appealed against the sentence and is unlikely ever to serve any time. Another instance being heard by a German tribunal is that of a former SS medic, Hubert Zafke, although it has already been adjourned twice on health grounds, putting the proceedings in doubt.

A trial of a 92 -year-old female radio operator, identified only as Helma M, is expected to open shortly. Attorneys had called for a six-year sentence for Hanning, while his lawyer had said he should be acquitted because there was no proof he participated in any killings or torment and he had not worked in Birkenau, the part of the camp where the gassings were done.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

13 Lies About Feeing Disorders That Almost Stopped Me From Reaching Recovery

Too many people believe that losing weight will take care of all their problems.

Unfortunately, they equate the notion of skinny with happiness and being perfect, which is a dangerous connection to make. Although not everyone who diets will develop an eating disorder( a mental illness with the highest mortality rate ), a significant number regrettably do.

I personally suffered for over a decade with a serious eating disorder in the shape of anorexia, workout craving, binge eating disorder and bulimia. Although my appearance drastically changed because of my behaviours, my intellect nonetheless always remained the same. It was equally sick and destructive throughout, as my eating disorder built promises to me that ultimately could have led me to my grave.

Now that I am in recovery, I can painfully expose the lies, disguised as truths, that my eating disorder attained me believe 😛 TAGEND

1. You’ll be happy once you lose more weight.

While growing up, I had extremely low self-esteem, along with depression, anxiety and a perfectionist posture that strengthened I was never good enough. I didn’t know how to make sense of why I felt so miserable, and I was too ashamed to tell anyone. So, I blamed myself.

I also didn’t have any friends and was taunted. Many people can face these situations and get through these years commonly. However, with others who are painfully shy and place unrealistic standards on themselves, it can be a recipe for disaster.

Eating disorders can affect anyone, regardless of their gender, age, ethnicity, weight, sexual orientation and socioeconomic status. My eating disorder promised that if I focused on losing weight, it would confuse me from what hurt me the most. But of course, it only served as a Band-Aid while encompassing my true pain.

The problem was, I did lose weight, and nothing fundamentally changed. In fact, I was just as miserable, but developed a host of hazardous new concerns. This tragic game is a black hole. Once you reach that goal weight, you’ll have to revise it to keep your focus away from your core pain. Before you realize it, you may be at death’s doorway, just like I was, because you’ve lost so many pounds.

Always remember that eating disorders are not about weight, but rather the result from poor coping skills in dealing with underlying problems.


2. The more you restrict, the more you’ll feel in control.

When I was struggling with anorexia, my life had been reduced to nothing more than counting calories, weighing myself and trying to come up with new ways to hide and restrict food. My eating disorder convinced me this somehow made me safe and in control, when everything else in my life seemed so out of control and unpredictable.

The irony, though, is that my eating disorder had complete control over me. All the talent and potential I once had as a tennis player was destroyed. My passion for ponies was swept away, as I was too weak to ride.

My happy experiences that once received from visiting my relatives were lost, as I could no longer stimulate the trip-up because I was always in the hospital or in a therapy center. I broke up with my boyfriend because my exercising craving was stronger than the relationship. I also was required to leave college during my freshman year for health reasons. So, who really was in control?


3. If you focus on your weight, all your depression, nervousnes and pain will disappear.

An eating disorder, like any form of self-destructive coping ability, can be seen as a style to self-medicate. As noted before, it serves as simply a Band-Aid over a meander. Sure, at first it might seem to work when the meander isn’t very large. But over time, that wound is going to get infected, and then it is going to spread, and then it will begin to really hurt.

Inevitably, that wound is going to surface, and it will become painfully obvious that your Band-Aid isn’t gong to work anymore. It was at this time you are able recognize you have no choice but to address your true issues.

But there can be beauty from all of this. You can mend in a healthy style. You don’t have to be afraid of what hurts you the most. You aren’t alone, and there is always help for you.


4. The longer you exercise, the stronger and better athlete you’ll be.

I always wanted to be the best at whatever I did. My drive for perfection led me to believe that more was always better, and so I pushed myself beyond appropriate limits. I had no sense of what was healthy or not.

My eating disorder told him that if I was practicing tennis two hours a day, then surely an additional hour in the gym must be beneficial. And as time went by, this led to me being so entirely addicted to exercise that I joined three different gyms to prevent the same people from find me work out for so long.

Needless to say, instead of allowing me to become a better athlete, it resulted me to a hospital with a heart rate so low that I risked having a heart attack at any moment.


5. I will always be there for you, even when other people won’t.

I grew up being pestered and rejected by my peers, which left me feeling alone and wary of trusting others. I figured it was best to depend on something I could count on, which became my eating disorder.

I thought I was being smart, and I guessed this would shield me from being hurt. However, the irony of this situation was that it was because of my eating disorder that I afterwards turned down invitations to hang out, since they would interfere with my rites. And it was because of my eating disorder that I remained alone, isolated and different from my peers.

My eating disorder became a self-fulfilling prophecy and my own worst best friend.


6. I’ll help you love your body and are certain in clothes.

This couldn’t be further from the truth. I detested my body equally at my lowest weight, my heaviest weight and when I reached a healthy weight. Your eating disorder is never going to make you love your body or feel good about yourself because self-love doesn’t come from weight.

On the other hand, once you ultimately work on your intellect and start learning to love and accept yourself unconditionally, it won’t matter what you weigh for you to feel confident and good about yourself.


7. Your diet starts tomorrow. Today’s the last day you can eat everything you want.

When I was struggling with binge eating disorder, my eating disorder eternally promised I could have one last binge before I went off to diet boot camp. Plainly, this backfired in my face each time.

My eating disorder told me I could eat everything I ever dreamed of, but then I had to starve myself by consuming tasteless foods until I reached a slim weight again. This was an unsustainable lifestyle, and I failed each time, unable to follow my eating disorder’s barking orders.

In fact, I would get so hungry that instead of slowly returning to a normal weight in a healthy manner, I would repeat the process is again, which only enhanced my binge eating disorder. I fell into a cycle of letdown and depression, as I blamed myself for being so out of control.

And my brain went into a panic each time, scared to death that this truly would be the last opportunity I would ever feed it. Clearly, there never was a last day , nor should there ever be one.


8. You’re already obese, so you might as well maintain destroying yourself.

Once I reached my highest weight, my eating disorder told me I might as well give up. That “all or nothing” supposing I was so good at took over at full force. My eating disorder had morphed into binge eating disorder seemingly in the blink of an eye after I had struggled with anorexia for seven years.

My eating disorder convinced me once again I was worthless, a failure and too far-gone to be helped, just as it constantly blamed me with anorexia. Even though my body seemed drastically different, the same lies were being fed to me, and I helplessly obeyed. And listening to the lies resulted me to lock myself in my house for half a year in total isolation due to embarrassment.

My days were filled with loneliness, depression, abuse from my eating disorder and binging until I fell into a food coma. It took me years to eventually start to find balance.

If there is one thing I can’t stress enough, it is to reach out for help now. Start now. You are never too far-gone, and one day at a time is enough to lead you to a healthy place.


9. You binged, so you have to purge and restrict.

My eating disorder wasn’t about to let me run yet. My disease morphed is again, this time into bulimia. My eating disorder swore to me that every time I binged, I had to find a means to purge, whether that entailed through over-exercising, restricting or taking an overdose of laxatives, to somehow undo the damage or at the least punish myself for such a terrible act.

Butbecause of bulimia, I had to quit undertakings, expend countless hours in the ER, and miss out on so much in life because I was in too much pain from laxatives. If only I could have find I was wonderfully human, and that people can have fun and enjoy food without punishment.

Yet, my eating disorder had built my world so small that I had no sense of reality.


10. You are alone in this struggle. I’m your identity and your only company.

I spent my whole journey mutely fighting. I would fulfill people in therapy centers for brief periods who shared similar fights, and for fleeting moments, I didn’t feel quite so alone. But then, I would always return to my real world of isolation once again.

I started to feel crazy, as my eating disorder had become my identity and only friend. The only outlet I had for releasing some of the madness was through secretly journaling, and I did that obsessively throughout my entire battle. It wasn’t until I started getting better that I realise maybe I wasn’t so alone. I am Brittany Burgunder and not my eating disorder.

I discovered a style to create a life beyond my disease, and I chose to publish a book, Safety in Numbers. It is composed of my secret diaries. I wrote it so others might not feel so alone, while also shedding light on what it’s truly like to struggle with such a misunderstand illness.


11. Merely anorexia is dangerous.

My eating disorder wailed this to me while I was finishing my fourth hour of over-exercising at the gym. My heart ached, and my heart rate was dangerously low.

When I was struggling with my binge eating disorder, I had difficulty breathing and had to have my gallbladder removed. My doctors told me my heart was at risk. Most importantly, I had no quality of life.

When I was in the worst grips of bulimia, I actually preserved a normal weight. To the public eye, I was fine, right? What they didn’t see is I could have fallen dead at a moment’s notice because of the deadly behaviours I secretly engaged in.

Often, you cannot tell who is struggling with an eating disorder simply by looking at them, and it can be very dangerous to reach a conclusion based on appearance alone. I highly recommend you read some of the most common eating disorder myths so you can help be a part of a positive change with violating the stigma around such a deadly disease.


12. You should be ashamed to ask for help.

My eating disorder drilled into my head it was my fault for having an eating disorder, and therefore, it was my responsibility to handle it all by myself. When I was anorexic, my eating disorder told me I was just fine and never sick enough to deserve help.

Similarly, when I was struggling with binge eating disorder, it convinced me I could manage things on my own, despite the fact I wondered whether or not I should objective my life. My eating disorder also relentlessly told me how weak I would be to ask for help, even as my vicious cycle with bulimia repeated with no end apparently in sight.

Of course, I can tell you with the utmost confidence this is one of the most deadly and dangerous lies of them all. Asking for help is one of the greatest signs of strength, and it will save your life.

Having the heroism to speak about what you are going through is one of the most inspiring acts. Not merely will you help yourself, but you are able to also help others by setting two examples and serving as a role model. There are so many eating disorder resources available at all levels of care and locations. Taking steps at prevention and getting supporting are the best ways to empower oneself.


13. You will never recover.

I had many times resigned myself to the fact I was a hopeless case. After all, that is something that the doctors at just about every treatment center to say something about me whenever they kicked me out of their facilities due to my eating disorder.

At the same time, my eating disorder constantly hollered at me on a daily basis, You require me! You’re never going to recover! What a silly believe! It’s too late! Why try? You’re a loser and too stuck, anyway. Just give up already!

But, I didn’t give up. I never did. I fell on my face far more days than I can count. But, I always got up.

Recovery is anything but linear. Step by step I inched forward. Step by step, I get stronger. And step by step, my own voice became louder than my eating disorder’s voice.

I cannot reiterate enough that recovery is possible no matter how long you’ve struggled and no matter how hopeless you may feel. Recovery is likely to be the hardest thing you will ever do, and it will be the most vital and life-changing selection you will ever make.

When you hear your eating disorder speak, call it out on its lies. Move on to living your beautiful life wherever you unconditionally good enough just for being you.

Read more:

Zika virus: Texas and Florida airports at highest risk to receive infected travelers

Boston and New York airports next on list of US airports with greatest number of passengers arriving from areas with confirmed cases of the infectious disease

Airports in Florida and Texas are at the highest risk to receive more passengers with the Zika virus in the coming months, according to researchers with a grant from the US Department of Defense.

EcoHealth Alliance, an international preservation group, analyzed all airports in the US by assessing how often passengers trickle in from areas with confirmed cases of Zika virus. They identified 17 airports in 11 states and ranked them according to risk.

I believe this is something that people should know, told Andrew Huff, the associate vice-president of group, who oversees efforts to forecast the spread of infectious diseases. If you know where an infectious disease is, you can take precautions.

According to their analysis, Logan international airport in Boston, John F Kennedy international airport in New York and two in the Washington DC metropolitan area are next on the list of airports likely to receive those with the fast-spreading virus.

Rank

Rank of US airports by hazard of Zika virus. Photograph: Ecohealth Alliance

Zika has been recognized as a global emergency by the World Health Organisation because there is an unconfirmed link between the virus, most often transmitted through mosquito bites, and babies born with brain damage. While its unclear whether microcephaly, a birth defect that stunts a fetuss head from growing, is caused by Zika, the numbers of cases have swollen since it was transmitted in Brazil in 2014.

Now more than 20 country level provinces in the Americas help find Zika transmissions, places where the WHO estimates there will be as many as 4m infections.

Last week the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed that there are more than 30 occurrences spread across 11 states in the US, though it will likely release newer numbers this week.

Regarding the riskiest airports, CDC spokesman Ben Haynes used to say anything that might help curb the spread of a virus is helpful, but he did not have insight about EcoHealth Alliances analysis.

I wouldnt say anything until CDC has had a chance to look at the science behind it and we make an official recommendation, he said. Theres no guidance surrounding domestic travel at this point.

As of Thursday, the CDC was merely warning travelers headed to regions where the virus is more prevalent, especially women who are pregnant or intend to be because of the link to microcephaly, to take precautions.

But Huff said the airport analysis could be used to increase awareness at airports and in cities where his group predicts a lot of potentially Zika-infected travelers.

The software, named Flirt, was funded through a $2.4 m award from the US Defense Threat Reduction Agency, an limb of the Department of Defense, to help protect the country from outbreaks and menaces from infectious diseases. Its part of the Obama administrations National Biosurveillance Science and Technology Roadmap.

Flirt, which is an offshoot of its original name Flight Risk Tracker, was initiated with the grant last year and put to the test as Zika emerged. It incorporates where there are confirmed cases and matches it to a global dataset of daily flight routes that land, even if merely for a layover, in the US.

We made a risk-ranking profile and asked the question of Flirt, Which cities are most at risk in the US? Huff told.

He told as the virus spread here, they crosschecked the cities where it emerged with their listing, and Flirt had anticipated 10 out of 11 of them. Texas has changed from the No 1 place, when they first tested their analyses, though its unclear why.

Cities in colder climates, he told, where mosquitoes are not able to survive over winter, are at lower danger of an endemic. He told cities close to increased risk airports with warmer climates where mosquitoes live year-round, are the most sensitive.

Theres evidence that Zika can be transmitted sexually, passed on through birth and even through blood transfusions. But in so far people have been most often infected when a mosquito is carrying the virus and it bites them. And if a person carrying the virus is in the US and is bit by another mosquito thats able to carry it here, that mosquito will get it and spread it as it feeds on other people.

If youre in the middle of Kansas youre at a route lower hazard, he said.

Huff said he is unsure what the DTRA, which was not available for immediate comment, will do with the software. But he told officials there were very happy with the outcome of FLIRTs abilities.

Regardless, Haynes said Zika will continue to spread in the US, its only unclear how big of a threat it is. Its been a week and a half since physicians have been required to report all Zika lawsuits to the CDC, so the agency is incorporating the data it has received since then.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Flinders Street crash: alleged driver charged with 18 counts of attempted murder

Saeed Noori also charged with one count of conduct endangering life after being formally interviewed by police

The man who allegedly ploughed his vehicle into pedestrians in Flinders Street in Melbourne on Thursday has been remanded in custody after a brief court appearance during which he encompassed his face with his hand.

Saeed Noori, a former Afghan refugee and now Australia citizen, was charged with 18 counts of attempted murder and one count of conduct imperiling life after being formally interviewed by police on Saturday.

Noori was discharged from hospital on Friday and held in custody overnight awaiting an interview with police. Three people remain in hospital fighting for “peoples lives” following Thursday’s attack.

Noori, a 32 -year-old from Heidelberg West reportedly constructed comments about Allah and Asio in the lead-up to his interview with police.

He allegedly constructed “utterances” to police about voices, dreamings and the” poor therapy of Muslims” to policemen in hospital on Thursday evening, as well as comments about Australia’s top security body and Allah.

” I think there was something, and I don’t know the exact detail, to do with Allah and some rambles about Asio( the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation ),” acting chief commissioner Shane Patton told the Herald Sun.

Police have said the alleged driver has lived in Melbourne for a number of years and had a history of drug abuse and mental illness. He was known to police from a minor assault charge in 2010 and was on a mental health plan.

Victorian police assistant commissioner Stephen Leane said he believed it was a ” deliberate ” act, and that Noori could be charged on Saturday.

” The motive for that act we’ll work through. Our researchers will charge him with appropriate offences, if that’s what’s going to happen today.

On Saturday Victorian premier Daniel Andrews corroborated Noori had been the subject of a voluntary mental health treatment plan.

Outlining plans for heightened police presence at events in Victoria – including the Boxing Day Ashes Test, Andrews described the incident as a “cowardly” and “evil” act that has ” sickened and indignation all of us “.

Police minister Lisa Neville has said police had so far discovered no evidence at Noori’s home to suggest he had been radicalised, however, the homicide squad and counterterrorism command are both investigating.

Three people, including 2 South Korean nationals, remain in a critical condition in hospital after a automobile ploughed into pedestrians on Flinders Street in Melbourne on Thursday.

The white SUV drove on to tram tracks and then into an intersection mobbed with pedestrians about 4.45 pm, injuring 18 people before making the concrete base of a tram stop.

The alleged driver of the car was arrested at the scene by an off-duty police officer.

The off-duty police officer underwent surgery on Friday and is one of 12 people remaining in hospital.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Why now is the time to visit Key West

Key West, Florida( CNN) Key West gets a lot of airtime on New Year’s Eve and during annual events like October’s bacchanal Fantasy Fest. But there’s no better time to visit the last stop on US 1 than right now, through the spring.

The sun is shining, there’s very little rainfall, and the town is buzzing with energy and events to maintain Conch Republic locals, snowbirds and day-trippers alike busy.

Plus, direct flights and new hotels, restaurants and more are making a quick Key West getaway that much more attractive.

Why A Absence Of Sleep Makes Us Depressed And What We Can Do About It

TheHistorically, insomnia has been thought of as secondary to other ailments such as depression. The idea was that you became depressed and that your sleep got messed up as a consequence. This might involve difficulty falling asleep, excessive time awake at night or waking up earlier than hoped.

This may make sense to those who have experienced depression and found that thoughts of distressing events such as of a deceased loved one, or previous failures, keep them awake at night. The potential that depression leads to insomnia is also consistent with research in which I have been involved where we found that adults with insomnia were more likely than others to have experienced anxiety and depression earlier in life.

But could things actually be the other way around? Could poor sleep be attaining you depressed? Over the past few decades or so it has become increasingly clear that disturbed sleep often comes before an episode of depression , not afterwards, helping to do away with the notion that sleep problems are secondary to other disorders.

This is not too hard to relate to either just think about how “youre feeling” after you have slept poorly. Perhaps you feel tearful or snap at those around you. The literature seems to back up the idea that our ability to regulate our feelings is reduced after a bad nights sleep. Insomnia has also been shown to predict depression defined according to diagnostic criteria.

So why does poor sleep lead to depression? Lots of different mechanisms have been proposed. To dedicate simply a few instances, lets start by thinking about our behaviour. I, for one, am more likely to cancel an evening out with friends or an exercise class after a poor nights sleep. This could be part of their own problems, as such events are exactly those that may help to keep depressive symptoms at bay.

If we think about what happens to the brain when we miss sleep, there are clues as to why sleep and depression are connected. One examine on this topic focused on a zone of the brain “ve called the” amygdala. This is an almond-shaped structure situated deep in the brain that is believed to play an important role in our emotions and nervousnes levels.

It was found that participants who had been sleep deprived for approximately 35 hours proved a greater amygdala reaction when will come forward with emotionally negative images when compared to those who had not been sleep deprived. Interestingly, links with parts of the brain that govern the amygdala seemed weaker, too meaning that the participants were perhaps less able to control their emotions. Such findings could help to explain how poor sleep may actually cause difficulties such as depression.

Inherited Insomnia

Over the years, my own work has taken a behavioural genetic perspective in an attempt to understand the connection between poor sleep and depression. From my twin research and work led by others it seems that poor sleep and insomnia symptoms could be, to some extent, part of the same genetic cluster meaning that if we inherit genes which attain us susceptible to insomnia, we may also be vulnerable to depression.

Lonely hours. Shutterstock

When trying to explain the link between sleep and depression, Im also intrigued by recent is currently working on the immune system and depression. Studies have found that those suffering from, or at risk of, depression may present high levels of inflammation in their bodies. Their immune systems appear to be in hyper-drive as if theyre opposing infection or healing from trauma. When we disturb or restrict sleep we may also experience inflammation, so perhaps rednes could also help to explain the link between sleep and depression.

So what can we do about it? It has been proposed for some time now that by improving sleep we can perhaps avoid or treat depression. Lately, data have started to emerge from surveys suggesting that this may indeed be the case. For instance, researchers at the University of Oxford in collaboration with the psychological therapy provider Self Help Manchester evaluated whether an online treatment for insomnia reduces symptoms of nervousnes and depression. They advised people with these difficulties to take steps such as keeping a consistent aftermath hour, get out of bed when they cant sleep, and challenging notions that a bad nights sleep is incapacitating.

They found that both nervousnes and depression symptoms were reduced after insomnia therapy. Other groups are currently looking at whether by improving our sleep we can reduce other types of psychiatric difficulties, too. But even before this work is complete, the take-home message from research to date is clear: we need to begin to prioritise our sleep.

Alice M. Gregory, Professor of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.

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How fast can we go? The science of the 100 m sprint

What makes the best athletes faster than the remainder? There are years of research, discipline and training behind the 10 or 11 seconds it takes elite sprinters to cross the line. But have the men and women at the top of their game reached peak sprinter or will the human race run faster still?

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The greatest race in the Olympics is the simplest. Eight athletes, eight straight lines. A bang, an detonation of muscle and, less than ten seconds later, a winner. And all they do is run. No motorcycles, boats, vaults or horses merely one foot in front of the other. Yet, in those three dozen winkings of an eye, sprinters in the 100 m perform physical feats so advanced that scientists are still trying to understand them.

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On one level youd think we would have pieced it together a long time ago, tells Peter Weyand, one of the worlds resulting students of running and prof of applied physiology and biomechanics at the South Methodist University in Dallas, Texas. Newton figured out the laws of motion centuries ago but when we when we apply them to the human body it gets really complex, really quickly.

Simply analysing the extreme motion and exertions of a sprinter is challenging. Weyand and his squad have a large treadmill in their lab capable of rolling at 90 mph. In the penalise max exam, athletes straddle the moving belt and hop on for a few seconds at a time. They start slacken, with rests in between. We increase the speed until the athlete cant maintain it, the prof tells. We require eight steps without moving backwards for a good trial.

The tests are a safer version of jumping off the back of an old Routemaster bus and remaining upright for eight paces athletes wear harness in case they trip but how fast is the bus running? The unofficial record on our treadmill is 11.72 metres per second, Weyand tells. Thats 26.7 mph, or not far off a city speed limit, or Bolts peak speed during his 2009 world record running of 27.8 mph. When we have elite athletes do the test, the whole office comes over to watch.

High-speed treadmills, slow-motion imaging and pressure sensors have allowed scientists to study aspects of upper-clas sprinting that were largely unknown as recently as 15 years ago. If you asked a coach in the late 1990 s what they were doing it was all very much based on form, Weyand says. But when we started this work back at that time, the first thing we figured out is that what stimulates these guys fast is how forcefully they can reached the ground in relation to their body weight.

When Usain Bolt looks like hes floating over the way, hes truly not. That extreme gurgle in the face that slow motion footage reveals in some athletes demonstrates the forces that transfer from foot to floor. We know that Bolt will peak out with each step at about five times his weight, while non-sprinting athletes will peak at about 3.5 hours, Weyand explains. The science is clear: the top athletes are specialised to deliver the most force to the ground and thats what attains them fast. But even now I think were still in the formative stage it hasnt yet translated into broad practises in training.

The key, though, is to gain force without body weight, while not sacrificing the brute strength required to accelerate out of the blocks. Weyand likens the steps a top sprinter takes to the punches of a boxer vastly powerful but also lightning fast. The truly remarkable thing is that sprint athletes not only reach a peak of four or five times body weight with each step but that they do so in an incredibly short period of time, he says. A world-class sprinters foot expends less than a tenth of a second on the floor, three times faster than the average blink of an eye.

To generate such forces and turn steps into accuracy punches, elite sprinting has become largely removed from the instinctive sports-day dash of our youth. Its actually a reasonably unnatural action, tells Craig Pickering, a British former sprinter who won bronze in the 100 -metre relay team at the 2007 World Championships. As soon as the foot makes the floor you pick it up again in front of the body as quick as you can for the next step. Nothing happens behind the body.

Dr Ralph Mann, a veteran American sprinter turned biomechanist, has done much of the work to refine the optimal technique. He measures a athlete to generate a stick figure in his or her image. Use vast pools of data from the hundreds of top sprinters he has worked with, a computer program gives the stick sprinter ideal mechanics for every step of a sprint. On the way, the stick person can be set to a personal-best or even world-record pace and laid over slow-motion footage of the athlete to compare movements. Going faster becomes, in part, training exercises in mirroring your own stick figure, and repeating every minute adjustment of foot position or knee lift so that it becomes wired in the brain.

Training

The brain is the unseen muscle behind all great athletes, and in the 100 -metre sprint it has to work on autopilot. We learn motion in the motor cortex but when its locked in it moves to the back of the brain, says Aki Salo, an associate professor in sport biomechanics at the University of Bath. Salo works with a number of British athletes and has studied the performance of Ashleigh Nelson, a sprinter who travelled to Rio as part of the 100-metre relay team, for our movie. If Ashleigh starts to think about other athletes or where she is in the race, the neural system starts to give way and technique breaks down.

After a good race you probably remember nothing, Pickering adds. I merely have memories of bad races.

If sprinting is a battle to focus, its also a fight against wearines, which sets in nearly instantaneously. Weyand says another area of survey still being explored is the mechanics and chemistry of tiring. Sprinters who win by appearing to blizzard ahead in the final metres are not speeding up, but slowing down the least speedily. Bolt makes top speed about 70 m into the race. Tests done on stationary bikes, in which big resistance is added suddenly to a rider turning the pedals at a high cadence, show that the power exerted fells on the second stroke and continues to decline.

Its the same on the way, Weyand tells. When Bolt hits top speed second hes already fatigued. What we can do is quantify the rate of that fatigue and calculate the loss in performance. One of Bolts biggest advantages is that his long legs mean that he runs 41 steps in a race compared with 45 for his contenders; his muscles have four fewer chances to get tired. Each time, the muscles use a chemical energy called ATP, which has to be replenished constantly to maintain performance. We think theres something about that cycle that causes tirednes but dont know exactly what it is yet, he adds. One place scientists are looking for the answer is the heart, which contracts in the same route but never get tired.

The most common topic specialists in this field are asked is, you guessed it, how fast can a human operate 100 metres? I think we can go substantially faster, Weyand says. But how fast is a question that science isnt very good at answering. One Australian physiologist calculated in 2014 that a sprinter with Bolts force could preserve it while also cutting contact hour with the ground to only 70 milliseconds( down from 80 or so ). This would result in a top speed of 12. 75 meters per second, or 28.53 mph and a new world record of 9.27 seconds.

But theres always the possibility that some outlier will come along and break apart the record book, Weyand tells. He mentions Eero Mntyranta, the champ Finnish cross-country skier who had a genetic defect that entailed his red blood cell could carry more oxygen. He was, in effect, a natural doper. There are multiple ways to break new barriers, whether its better knowledge and training or technique, or the unexpected, he adds. What we do know is that in the modern era the incentives to go faster are huge.

Read more: www.theguardian.com