How Seinfeld’s funniest moments came to life

The table-reads were a disaster, the network detested the scripts and the writers fretted theyd ruined the whole show from the Chinese Restaurant to the Contest, heres the truth behind the sitcoms best bits

The Chinese Restaurant

Jeremiah Bosgang and his boss Rick Ludwin found themselves in a real bind after a table-read for a Seinfeld episode in 1991. The script theyd just heard had Elaine, George and Jerry doing nothing except waiting for a table at a Chinese eatery. There was no action beyond a pay phone call and an attempt to bribe the maitre d. The pair had championed many of the displays stranger moments, but now they were considering shutting it down.

Theyd been worried about the script from the get-go. Was this thing missing pages or something? There was no tale! What would the other NBC executives say? To Bosgang, it corroborated the networks worst anxieties about Larry David and Seinfeld that they couldnt hack it making a sitcom long-term. They didnt think they could sell a concept this flimsy. Theyd gone to the table-read in hopes of find advance but thered been no change. Now they sat in Bosgangs automobile and agreed that killing the script was too provocative. David, especially, would not take this lightly. But they also knew how precarious Seinfelds future was. They had to say something.

Indeed, David balked even when Ludwin told gingerly If you feel passionate about this, which you plainly do, run do it, and well hope for the best. He took David for a walk around the plenty and allowed him to ventilate. David was adamant it was a funny half-hour of television about lifes little annoyances. It was Seinfeld. If the network didnt like this, they didnt like the show.

In fact, the script mystified even the man who played the Chinese restaurant host. Actor James Hong conveyed his embarrassment. The director Tom Cherones ensure it as similar to his own early feelings about the show. That doesnt matter, he told Hong. Just go with it.

There
Way too flimsy a concept? the Chinese Restaurant episode. Photo: Seinfeld

The episode did not go down well with Ludwin and Bosgangs colleagues, but no one stop saying that from airing. And when it work, critics understood what NBC did not. Like real life, but with better dialogue, wrote Kit Boss in the Seattle Times. Seinfeld doesnt feel like sitcom television, New York publications Chris Smith told. It feels more like a dialogue with your funniest friends. Over period, the episode would stand as a turning point for the series and a groundbreaking bit of television.

Everyone won: individual producers induced the prove they wanted, and the network looked good for airing it. In fact, the Chinese Restaurant showed that a sitcom could tackle more highfalutin qualities than had ever been attempted before: this was TVs version of Samuel Becketts Waiting for Godot.

The Junior Mint

They
They let some amateur in and he came up with this stupid, unsterile tale the Junior Mint. Photo: NBC via Getty

Andy Robin got his first Seinfeld script assignment in the fourth season, when he was already a fan. He felt a kinship with David and Seinfeld. Although he was in his 20 s, he loved stuff from the 50 s and 60 s, smooth crooners like Johnny Mathis and Petula Clark. He knew he could throw some Burl Ives into a Seinfeld script and Larry and Jerry would get it.

He had been editor of the Harvard Lampoon and worked as a writer at Saturday Night Live. When he got the call from the Seinfeld office, he knew hed stumbled on something big and felt a major responsibility to keep the depict great. How would he maintain that quality? Or would he be the one to ruin it?

Now he couldnt write a thing without ripping it apart. His desperation led to some bizarre pitches , none more than the one that became his first episode, The Junior Mint.

He had some reasonable plots lined up: Jerry dates a woman whose name he cant remember; Elaine visits an old artist boyfriend in hospital to rekindle their romance when she sees hes lost a lot of weight; George buys a piece of art by Elaines paramour in case he dies in surgery and the value shoots up. Tying them all together was the tough component, out of which went one of the reveals first memorably absurd moments: when Jerry and Kramer find the artists surgery from the gallery above while they snack on Junior Mints, merely to fell one into the open body cavity below.

The Junior Mint.

Robin was happier at Seinfeld than hed been at Saturday Night Live. SNL was a astonishingly corporate environment; all anyone talked about were ratings. Everything felt overly cautious and full of fiefdoms. People who had been there for decades were protective of their power.

He was happy to have escaped. But now hed wrecked his career, and perhaps the whole show, with this dumb Junior Mint plotline. Robin couldnt believe David approved it; this was crazy. People would say, They let some amateur in and he came up with this stupid, unsterile-hospital-environment story.

He called David mid-draft and said, This cant happen.

Davids reply: Simply write it.

When Robin finished, he was proud of one proportion: the storyline in which Jerry forgets the name of the woman he was dating. He tries to find out his girlfriends name through acts of subterfuge, like excavating in her purse. She mentions that her name rhymes with a female body part. Exasperated, he guesses: is it Mulva? Bovary? No, but she realises: You dont know my name, do you?

Jerry eventually figures it out when she leaves in a huff, and he screams his final guess after her: Dolores. Could this have been the first network-television acknowledgment of the clitoris? It seems likely. Cloris was the scripted choice for her real name, but when the warm-up comedian asked the studio audience to guess her name, person told Dolores. David and Seinfeld decided it was better and subbed it in at the last minute.

Director Tom Cherones liked Robins Junior Mint script more than its author did. He always enjoyed Seinfelds weirder challenges, like the climactic autumn of a piece of candy into a body mid-surgery. The small chocolate disk wouldnt show up on camera in flight, so he shot a York Peppermint Pattie about four times the size instead. Spectators wouldnt be able to tell the difference without other objects in the shot for comparison.

Robin was shocked no one complained. The audience at the videotapeing laughed, but when he saw the edit he still hated it. Finally, it aired. The public rebellion he expected did not happen, but he was still convinced hed ruined the display. It wasnt up to his expectations of himself or Seinfeld.

In fact, Seinfeld himself cited the episode as a milestone: if it could pull this off, it could do no wrong. Anything was game. Even Jerrys character reached a new level of darkness in this particular script. As Kramer begs Jerry to join him in the surgical gallery, Jerry sighs, All right, all right. Just let me finish my coffee, then well run watch them slice this fat bastard up. Seinfelds face can scarcely contain the hilarity at getting away with this line.

After the episode, Robin could scarcely function, so cowed was he by the pressure of working on Seinfeld. He often started a script, then scrapped it two-thirds of the route through when it didnt click. And the acclaim for The Junior Mint merely induced matters worse there was so much pressure to top his first try.

The Contest

Master
Masters of their domain The Contest. Photo: Seinfeld

After each raucous table-read, David held tribunal in the office he shared with Seinfeld. The two would sit at their confront desks, surrounded by novelists. The network reps had no place to sit perhaps by design. A rep might offer a small suggestion: Jerrys too harsh in this scene. David would fidget with the golf club he kept in the corner, then answer: Nah, I dont think hes that harsh. David and Seinfeld were in charge now they were on their style to their vaunted Thursday-night time slot and No 1 ratings ranking.

But all the writers braced themselves for a showdown over The Contest, Davids masturbation episode in the fourth season. The trick, in a broadcast sitcom, was to launching this as a plotline without offending standards and practises. George explains it to his friends this way: My mother caught me. Doing what, asks Jerry. You know. I was alone. I stopped by the house to drop the car off My mom had a glamour publication So one thing led to another George explains that his shocked mother screamed, fell, hurled her back away, and ended up in hospital.

But the real action begins when George says to his friends, Ill tell you one thing. I am never doing that again.

What, in your mothers home? asks Elaine. Or wholly?

Altogether. Georges certainty elicits groans all around. What, you dont think I could do it?

Well, Jerry tells, I know I could hold out longer than you. George smirks. Care to make it interesting? George, Jerry, and Kramer wager $ 100 each on who can hold out the longest. Elaine wants in, too, but the guys balk. Its easier for a woman not to do it than a man, Jerry protests. We have to do it. Its part of our lifestyle. But they relent, as long as she gives them odds; shell put up $150.

Seinfeld
The Contest. Photo: Seinfeld

To keep this up as the main thrust of a primetime indicate, the writers had to come up with a euphemism for masturbation. They went one better: they came up with a new term. To abstain from masturbation was to be master of your domain. This allows the characters free and easy discussion of their sexual thoughts and exploits without one dirty word. The humour came from the scripts abstinence from even the word masturbation, much less anything more graphic. An early draft had George using the word tugging, but even that was cut. Kramer caves because of the woman walking around her apartment naked with her tints open, and later sleeps with her. Elaine caves when she stands behind John F Kennedy Jr in a workout class. Sly scenes depicting each character in bed at night clarify the status of each contestant: those who are still masters toss and turn, while those who have been satisfied sleep well.

As with most Seinfeld plotlines, it came from a real-life bet David was involved in.( He claims to have won .) The table-read went well, with even more laughs than usual. Still, the subject matter left the writers sure that the network would protest. Julia Louis-Dreyfus, meanwhile, kept waiting for the executive heads to object specifically to Elaines participation. A woman talking about masturbation in primetime seemed an obvious place to draw the line.

Instead, a shock. Its perfect, the network told. Dont touch it. They had come a long way since the showdown over The Chinese Restaurant. The episode helped Seinfeld win its first Emmy, and master of my domain became the proves first catchphrase.

This is an edited extract from Seinfeldia: How a Show About Nothing Changed Everything. The volume is available in the US and Australia now and in the UK on 28 July.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Want To Lose Weight? Train The Brain, Not The Body

Despite massive government, medical and individual efforts to win the war on obesity, 71 percent of Americans are overweight. The median adult is 24 pounds heavier today than in 1960. Our growing girth adds some US $200 billion per year to our health care expenditure, is tantamount to a severe health crisis.

Drug research has not yielded a pill that helps people lose weight and keep it off. Traditional approaches such as diet and exert can work short-term, but people almost inevitably regain the weight. Randomized controlled trials of weight loss surgery have shown some improvements in diabetes but not in mortality, cancer and cardiovascular disease.

If there is ever to be a pill a solution to weight it will be changing the brain, especially the primitive areas of the brain, the emotional brain or mammalian and reptilian brain. These areas house circuits that control stress and our stress-fueled emotions, thoughts and behaviours. These circuits can be rewired in humans so by changing them, we have a chance to address the root cause of stress-related problems, including obesity. While some overweight and obesity are caused by genetic make-up, more and more research is indicating that stress plays a big role in weight gain. Many people under stress turn to food for comfort.

My colleagues and I set out to develop a neuroscience-based approach to weight management and dealing with the common excesses we all face, through emotional brain training. The notion was to use neuroscience-based tools to change the brain so that the whole range of common excess would fade. The method has shown promising results.

The emotional brain is command central for weight and common excess. It includes the dread, reward and starvation centers. When that brain is in stress, all three centers promote overeating and weight gain. We have strong drives to do exactly what we know we shouldnt do. We cant help it! Our emotional brain is in stress.

That stress ramps up the reward value of food, increases hunger for carbohydrates and decreases metabolic rate, almost ensuring weight gain. The stress-obesity link has been well-documented. Our supposing brain( neocortex) goes off line, and the extremes of our emotional brain calls the shots.

To Take Care Of Your Body, Take Care Of Your Brain

Levels of stress. via www.shutterstock.com

The first step in taking control of our weight is to destress the emotional brain. In emotional brain train( EBT ), we release stress by checking in several times throughout the day, identifying our level of stress and using the technique for that stress level to spiral up to a country of well-being.

There are five high levels of stress and five tools. To get an idea of how they work, take a few breaths, check in with yourself and identify your stress level. Then use the tools for that level of stress to reduce your stress rapidly.

1. Compassion Tool( Stress Level 1 – Very Low Stress ) Tell to yourself, Feel compassion for myself, then wait for a wave of compassion to flow through your body. Next tell, Feel compassion for others, and feel a slight wave of warmth. Last, tell, Feel compassion for all living beings. 2. Feelings Tool( Stress Level 2 – Low Stress ) Ask yourself, How do I feel? Often, three impressions bubble up, but wait long enough so that one impression is the strongest. Thats the one! Next ask yourself, What do I require? and, ultimately, Do I need subsistence? 3. Flow Tool( Stress Level 3 – A Little Stress ) Tell the words: I feel angry that and watch what words arrive in your mind to complete the sentence. State the sentence again, for seven more feelings: sad, afraid, guilty, grateful, happy, secure and proud. Notice the light in your body and how your stress is go. Why? When we feel our negative feelings, they fade. We are no longer in peril and the brain naturally focuses on positive impressions that dedicate us the energy to move forward and do good things in our life.

4. Cycle Tool( Stress Level 4 – High Stress) Start by stating what is bothering you( dont hold back !), then protest that stress by saying I feel angry that I cant stand it that I hate it that. and each time watch what words arrive in your intellect. This can unlock the circuit so that you can change at a deeper level. Pause and take a few deep breaths, then say the words: I feel sad that I feel afraid that I feel guilty that and watch what terms arrive in your intellect to complete each sentence.

Next support yourself, and say, Of course I could do that( such as overeat) because my unreasonable expectation is and again wait for words to bubble up from your unconscious mind, such as: I get my security from overeating. Thats just an old glitch of a memory that needs updating. So, update it! Say the opposite expectation( such as I cannot get my safety from food I can get my safety from connecting to myself ). As you stated this when the circuit was freshly unlocked, the circuit can change into the expectation of your opt. As the new expectation becomes dominant, the emotional drives for various excess( including food) can start to fade so that changing behavior becomes easier.

5. Damage Control Tool( Stress Level 5 – Very High Stress ) When were that stressed, we need to be held and comforted. Sometimes only rocking in your chair or exhaling deep helps. Also, you can say pacifying words repeatedly: Do not judge. Minimize harm. Know it will pass. After all, its merely stress and it will fade.

Survival Circuits Activate Strong Emotional Drives To Overeat

Once youve started releasing stress from your emotional brain, chances are youll notice that you still get triggered sometimes. You might even blame yourself for that late night binge or that mindless eating. Actually, its only a survival circuit.

They are encoded whenever it is stressed and reach for food to cope. The brain remembers that food saved us from stress, this is why it encodes an expectation, such as I get my security from food. That circuit can be replayed for a lifetime, fueling maladaptive eating.

Research now shows that these survival circuits can be rewired and we do that in EBT. In fact, they can only be rewired when we are stressed. Merely then does the circuit unlock and make change more lasting. When stressed and craving food, the EBT user reaches for a tool rather than for the food and uses it to stop the craving and change the circuit. The drive to overeat fades.

The Last Step: Keeping The Weight Off

Keeping weight off is hard but it may be easier if we improve the brains emotional setpoint. Often a setpoint in stress is encoded from adverse experiences early in life and causes chronic stress overload in the emotional brain, a put up for weight regain.

The solution is to move up the emotional setpoint, so we get the emotional brain out of chronic stress, which is why the EBT program is also intended to creating the setpoint, so participants are more resilient to new emphasizes, less likely to regain the weight they have lost and, most of all, to experience more elation in their daily lives.

Laurel Mellin, Associate Clinical Professor of Family& Community Medicine and Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco

Read more: www.iflscience.com

For pro stair climbers, sky’s the limit

NEW YORK( CNN) Is there a better metaphor for athletic achievement than tower go? It’s a horizontal sprint of power and endurance to greater and greater heights. And you always come out on top.

Yet, as athletics go, stair climbing is relatively newand has only a small pond of professional competitors. Those who are now ranked for speed are in the hundreds , not thousands. The wins earn modest awards, usually swag from sponsors , not money.

It’s a athletic that might have started as gimmicks or advertising stunts. But now, with an official organisation and a global circuit of races, stair climbing is a legitimate, if niche, amateur sport. Participate is climbing, but for now, the limited size of this upwardly mobile community has its own upside.

“We’re like a family, ” said Lisa Zeigel, a tower runner since 2001 who is ranked seventh in the United States. “We hang out. We have our own Facebook group. I’ve never been in a group that bonds like that. We feel so grateful for having each other.”

Happy events can cause potentially fatal rare heart condition

Joy can trigger same symptoms as Takotsubo syndrome, where heart changes shape after sad events, say scientists

A rare condition that triggers a potentially life-threatening weakening of the heart can be caused by happy events as well as emotional shocks such as grief or sadness.

Since 1990, physicians have recognised a condition known as Takotsubo syndrome, or TTS, which typically occurs in women after upsetting episodes such as the death of a spouse or mother, the breakdown of a relationship, or being diagnosed with cancer.

Now research has shown that the same outcome can follow happy or joyful events. Scientists have named the new condition happy heart syndrome.

TTS have contributed to characteristic changes in the shape of the heart. The main symptoms are breathlessness and chest pains but the condition is temporary and reversible after a few days or weeks. It is unusual for it to occur again in the same patient.

The researchers analysed data from 1,750 patients diagnosed with TTS in nine different countries. Of 485 patients for whom a definite emotional trigger could be identified, 96% had suffered sad and stressful events such as the loss of a loved one, attending a funeral, being hurt in an accident, or experiencing an illness or relationship problems. One obese patient was stricken after get stuck in the bath.

But in the case of the remaining 20 individuals, heart damage appeared to have been triggered by happy occasions including a birthday party, a bridal, a astonish celebration, the proposed establishment of a great grandchild, a favourite rugby squad winning a game and a trip to the opu. The findings are published in the European Heart Journal.

Dr Jelena Ghadri, from University Hospital Zurich in Switzerland, where the worlds first TTS registry is based, told: We have shown that the triggers for TTS can be more varied than previously known. A TTS patient is no longer the classic broken-hearted patient, and the disease can be preceded by positive feelings too.

Clinicians should be aware of this and also consider that patients who arrive in the emergency department with signs of heart attacks, such as chest pain and breathlessness, but after a happy event or emotion, could be suffering from TTS just as much as a similar patient presenting after a negative emotional event.

Our findings broaden the clinical spectrum of TTS. They also suggest that happy and sad life events may share similar emotional pathways that can ultimately cause TTS.

Takotsubo syndrome takes its name from a Japanese octopus trap that resembles the distorted shape of the left ventricle of a heart affected by TTS. The condition, which occurs abruptly, causes the heart chamber to balloon out at the bottom while the neck remains narrow.

Scientists are still trying to understand the mechanism behind TTS, which is thought to involve links between psychological stimuli, the brain, and the cardiovascular system.

In the study, 95% of both broken heart and happy heart patients were women. The average age of the broken group was 65 and of the happy group 71.

The studys co-author, Dr Christian Templin, also from University Hospital Zurich, said: Perhaps both happy and sad life events, while inherently distinct, share final common pathways in the central nervous system output, which ultimately lead to TTS.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

5 Fashion Trend That Began With WAY Different Intentions

All fashion comes from the minds of coked-up clothing designers, right? Bizarre ideas they dreamed up in Italian villa, out of their minds on stimulants and exotic hams. But not always. Sometimes a clothing trend develops outside of the style world and catches on with the last people you’d think. For instance …

5

Hip-Hop Tall Tees Were Originally Girls’ Nightshirts

If you’ve ever seen a hip-hop superstar wearing a T-shirt that went on longer than Infinite Jest , you’re familiar with the “tall tee” trend. But perhaps you’d seen them before — on your tween sister during a sleepover. Yep, tall tees were originally dorm shirts for girls — long-hemmed so they could be worn as pajama dresses to sleep in.

budget-t.com
Like so .

The dorm shirt was huge fad in the 1990 s, but as with all style trends, it fell victim to entropy. Then in the mid-2 000 s, Henry Abadi, the clothing entrepreneur responsible for the shirts, “ve got a surprise” bellow from a business acquaintance at a dres store in Newark, NJ. They said that street way had abruptly shifted toward unnaturally huge T-shirts, and in order to keep up with the demand, they requested a cool millions of Abadi’s 40 -inch tees — the industry name for the dorm shirt.

Sensing an opportunity, Abadi shipped the tall tees … and put in an order for a whopping 60,000 more. This proved to be an excellent move, as his Galaxy-label white tall tees soon became the thing to own for hip hop starrings and people with unnaturally long torsos alike.

Also great for keeping movie ushers from spotting that your pockets are full of snacks .

But why did the huge plain T-shirt become a thing in the first place? Simple economics. Nobody wanted them at first. You could buy 10 -1 5 dope-ass tree trunk tees for the price of a normal T-shirt. Then those poor and/ or sensible shoppers ran and pulled off the appear so hard that they could no longer afford it themselves. It’s the circle of fashion.

4

The Unsexy Muumuu Was Devised By Missionaries To Encompass Up Too-Sexy Hawaiian Women

The muumuu was never intended to cover up the horizontally challenged when no other clothes would fit them anymore. It was designed to cover only the sexiest bits of the sexiest people, because they were being too damn sexy.

Ray Jerome Baker
‘Would you mind wearing some gloves too? Your weaving is a little … suggestive.”

The muumuu was first developed to cover the bare breasts of the natives of Hawaii during their “overtly sexual”( by old-timey Christian criteria) hula rites. In the 1820 s, Christian missionaries arrived on the Hawaiian Islands looking to convert the natives, but were shocked and appalled by all the casual nudity. In their moral anxiety, they cobbled together a hasty encompas to bring the place from late-night Cinemax to midday PBS. The result was a ground-length, high-necked, and above all cleavage-covering dress called a holoku , beneath which the Hawaiian females wore a shorter, loose-fitting dress called mu’umu’u .


So it began as the world’s least sexy underwear .

By the mid-2 0th century, the holoku is more and more rare for reasons who are likely to had something to do with the fact that it was a full-body-covering dress in freaking Hawaii . But strip that sucker off, and what do you find? Yep, the loose and comfortable muumuu evolved from a modest undergarment to a common casual attire. Though it probably should be said that none of it will ever be as comfy as good ol’ fashioned nudity.

3

The Leotard Was Invented By A Dude To Indicate Off His Muscles

The person behind the leotard was a famed French trapeze artist, coincidentally named Jules Leotard. What are the odds ?!


Later we’ll tell you about Bartholomew Brassiere and Georges G. String .

In 1860 s London, Jules was the talk of the town. If a man brought a pretty daughter to a Jules Leotard performance, there was a very decent chance he was going home alone. That’s because Jules Leotard invented his namesake attire item specifically to get some. Sure, sure, it was also to freely move around during his trapeze act, but it was no accident that it also presented off his toned body and bulging muscles.


Please, do try to contain yourselves .

We’re not building up the ladykilling aspect of this story. Leotard is noteworthy for inspiring the ballad “The Man On The Flying Trapeze” — a piece that is entirely about a guy who loses his girlfriend the second she catches a glimpse of Jules and his muscles. Here, is an opportunity to quote the lyrics 😛 TAGEND

Oh, this maid that I loved she was handsome, And I tried all I knew, her to please

But I never could please her one quarter so well, As the man on the flying trapeze !

He floats thro’ the air with the greatest of ease, The daring young man on the flying trapeze

His actions are graceful, all daughters he does please, And my love he has stolen away .

We’re going to go ahead and assume the rest of the song is nothing but elaborated profanities and sobbing.

2

Strange Pants Were Mostly To Help Women Skirt Sexist Rules

Culottes hail from the early decades of the 20 th century, and finally let women play sports, as well as ride horses and bikes in a straddling posture. As you can probably imagine, this sudden explode of female freedom was met with utter dislike by the sexist societies of the epoch. In France, culottes were flat-out proscribed unless the user was currently riding a bicycle or horse. In the 1930 s, a female tennis player wore a pair at Wimbledon and The Daily Mail wrote that she should be “soundly beaten.”


At least The Mail has remained consistently terrible through the century .

In the 1960 s, society was just thinking about letting females wear pants, maybe — purely in theory, of course. However, some high-end restaurants still fought the tide with their dress codes, which would not allow dames to wear trousers. So is again, hybrid bottoms came to the rescue. Palazzo pants were technically gasps, but so wide and billowing that even the most snobby maitre d’ would have a hard time denying a dame entryway for wearing them.


And now, year later, we all simply look forward to not having to wearing any pants back at home .

1

UGG Boots Were Built By And For Surfers

UGG boots were not originally meant for girls standing in line at Starbucks. They were first worn by Australian surfers, of all people. In fact, they stimulated the comfy sheepskin boots by themselves, for themselves, and the boots were never intended as anything but wholly utilitarian. Surfers wore the well-insulated shoes to warm their feet once they get out of the often-ice-cold water.


Not pictured: the UGG codpiece prototype .

But of course, surfers are pretty cool, and we pay attention to what they are wearing. So when an Australian surfer named Brian Smith brought the boot to California in the late 1970 s, they spread like wildfire to the local surfers and stores. Surfers’ girlfriends, as is the girlfriend way, started “borrowing” their boyfriend’s boots, and noticed that holy hell, those things were comfortable. Eventually the crudely built, purpose-based boots became trendy for even the most landlubbin’ Californians, and hacker comedians everywhere were gifted with another easy target.


“I’ve get this great one about the sound you build when you insure someone wearing UGGs! ”

James Kinneen is a huge fan of sweatpants, because most fans of sweatpants are huge . For more fascinating stories about garment trends, check out 5 Ridiculous Modern Fashions With Badass Historical Origins and 6 Weird Ways From History( With Weirder Explanations ) . Subscribe to our YouTube channel, and check out 7 Tricky Route The Women’s Clothing Industry Is Scamming You, and other videos you won’t watch on the site ! Follow us on Facebook, and we’ll follow you everywhere .

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