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From winemakers to neurosurgeons, these 15 former NFL players got a second chance and a new career.

NFL players have it made, right?

You know, playing a game for millions of dollars, where you get to be financially stable for life?

Well, maybe not.

The median NFL career lasts three and half years. And what arrives after isn’t always easy.

And this is one of GOOD gigs. Michael Strahan doing the left shark with Kelly Ripa for an episode of “Live with Kelly and Michael.” Photo by Laura Cavanaugh/ Getty Images.

Nearly 16 % of former NFL players declare insolvency within 12 years of leaving the league. The truth is, pro football retirement can be a tough road; for some, it’s even tougher than taking a hard hit when you’re not expecting it.

Some former players have found a second wind after pro-football although they’re not all doing what you might expect. After all, there are only so many ESPN broadcasting or NFL head coaching jobs out there.

Here are 15 former NFL players with surprising new careers :

1. Kareem McKenzie, psychologist

I’d sit down and share. Photo by NFL/ Getty Images.

That’s right, the former 11 -season Jets and Giant outside tackle would rather talk it out than take you out these days. He’s currently examining at William Paterson University in New Jersey, all in the name of helping other former football players and armed servicemen make healthy transitions in “peoples lives”.

2. Myron Rolle, neurosurgeon

From brining the pain to alleviating it. Photo by Jeff Zelevansky/ Getty Images.

Rolle merely had a short stint with the Titans in 2012 but still attained history, represent one of only three people to receive the prestigious Rhodes Scholarship and also play for an NFL team. He’s currently analyse at the Florida State University College of Medicine and also has find the time to establish the Myron L. Rolle Foundation, looking to help the underserved in health, wellness, and education.

3. Bill Goldberg, WWE wrestler and actor

Goldberg took a jackhammer to post-NFL challenges. Here in 2005 with his wife, Wanda. Photo by Kevin Winter/ Getty Images.

Any list of retired NFL players would be incomplete without Goldberg. He has called his football days a “dream come true” despite being plagued by trauma from 1990 to 1995. He wasn’t a huge fan of wrestling at first, but after Sting and Lex Luther urged him into the ring, he never turned back.

4. Bradley James Pyatt, CEO of MusclePharm

Pyatt stretching before a game waaaaay back in 2004. Photo by Robert Laberge/ Getty Images.

Yes, we’ve moved from professional wrestler to professional tycoon. Pyatt received his new career after his use of athletics supplements as a Colts broad receiver left his bones weak. The idea for MusclePharm was bear, and now Pyatt has a whole new way to induce millions.

5. Wayne Chrebet, deputy vice president at Barclays

He played for the Airplanes, but we won’t hold that against him. Photo by Simon Bruty/ Allsport/ Getty Images.

You’ve probably heard of Barclays, the giant financial institution headquartered across the seas. Chrebet made his route to Barclays via Morgan Stanley after his 11 years with the Jets as a wide receiver. These days he manages the boulder on behalf of hundreds of clients, whose combined assets total around $1.5 billion.

6. Tony McGee, CEO of HNM Global Logistics

From haul in pass to carrying cargo. Photo by Ronald Martinez/ Getty Images.

This former tight objective for the Bengals, Giants, and Cowboys took his never-give-up stance into his post-NFL career. He started with a real estate company, which he was happy with until the 2008 recession hitting. After the crash, he ran a successful roofing company until he overheard person telling him just how much contracts in the shipping industry go for. Now he owns his own cargo company, which earned more than$ 1 million in its first year.

7. Dan Marino and Damon Huard, founders of Passing Time

Grape Expectations. Photo via Passing Time, used in conjunction with permission.

If “were in” handing out awardings, Marino and Huard would no doubt get the Elegance Award. These two former Dolphin QBs( Huard was actually the backup QB to Marino) decided to open their own winery outside Seattle in 2010. Though the winery is neither Marino’s nor Huard’s main source of income, they’re looking to get closer to profitability by 2017.

8. Eddie George, Broadway actor

“It’s all show business.” Photo by Frederick M. Brown/ Getty Images.

Performing under bright sunlights should be no big thing for George after playing running back for the Oilers, Titans, and Cowboys for nine seasons. His role as Billy Flynn in Chicago” in January is just a new chance for him to shine.

9. Erv Randle, Chevrolet dealership owner

Photo via Erv Randle, used with permission.

The former middle linebacker for the Buccaneers and the Chiefs is no longer looking to stop drives, he’s trying to start them. Randle purchased a Chevy dealership in southern Oklahoma in the hopes of having a “long-term” relationship with the community and attained the official proclamation in October, according to the Lawton Constitution.

10. Dorsey Levens, cinema, Tv, and stage actor

Looking like a celeb as far back as 2007. Photo by Steve Grayson/ NFL for Weber Shandwick( St. Louis )/ Getty Images.

Levens took acting lessons while he played for the Green Bay Packers as a running back. He is known for his role in “We Are Marshall” and now as a leading role in “Madea on the Run, ” created by Tyler Perry. He also detects time to run a youth sports training and mentoring program called I Am Momentum, headquartered in Atlanta.

11. Keith Fitzhugh and Haskel Stanback, Norfolk Southern Railway

All aboard the “follow your dreams” train with Keith Fitzhugh. Photo by NFL Photos.

Fitzhugh made headlines back in 2010 when sports analysts thought he went off the rails and declined an offer from the New York Jets, instead choosing to work at Norfolk Southern Railway as a develop conductor. Fitzhugh, currently a terminal superintendent, and Stanback, a running back for the Falcons in the 1970 s, have had long and successful careers with one of the nation’s oldest transportation companies.

12. Ed Newman and Tony Nathan, magistrate and bailiff

Tony Nathan running in a little ol’ thing “ve called the” Super Bowl, back in 1985. Photo by George Rose/ Getty Images.

Our next ex-NFL duo are former Dolphins teammates who lives in sunny Florida, holding tribunal and hearing the cases of drunk drivers, robbers, and drug offenders, according to The Miami Herald. Newman, a former guard, offered Nathan, a former running back, a job as a bailiff after Nathan ran coaching stints at professional, collegiate, and high school level. Nathan accepted, and they’ve been maintaining order in the court ever since, The Miami Herald reports.

13. Ricardo Silva, high school geometry teacher

It’s all about the slants. Photo by Dave Reginek/ Getty Images.

Another surprising career option is that of Ricardo Silva, who played security for the Lions and the Panthers from 2011 to 2013. Last year, he decided to join the ranks of Teach for America as a geometry educator in a Washington high school. He lately told CNN that teaching is harder than football ever was.

14. Michael Strahan, TV host

Getting your morning started since 2010. Photo by Jamie McCarthy/ Getty Images for Baby Buggy.

If you haven’t heard of any of the players on this list yet, your waiting is over. Strahan’s reasons for being successful post-NFL is better suggested by Strahan himself: When you’re a 20 -something-year-old athlete and you’re get a six-figure check every week, you’re not thinking about next week. You’re not guessing, ‘I’m going to be violated, ‘ or ‘I’m going to need another job.’ But I’ll tell you, there are a lot of breach athletes out there I know plenty and I didn’t want to end up as one, ” Strahan told The New York Times.

15. Hines Ward, restaurant owned( among other things)

Trading the Steel Curtain for napkins. Photo by Joe Sargent/ Getty Images.

In August, the former Steeler, Super Bowl MVP, and current NBC analyst opened a restaurant in Pittsburgh, called Table 86. Ward said he built the restaurant to create jobs and say thank you to the people of Pittsburgh, according to The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.

These are inspiring narratives. But not every player knows how to handle life after football.

Luckily, there are resources out there. One of those is NFL Player Engagement, an NFL department focused on the wellness of former and active players, which helps players plan for a stable ideally prosperous second career. This NFL department offers trade courses to help players become electricians, plumbers, or carpenters, and operates a program called Bridge to Success, which offers peer-to-peer mentorship in the transition out of the NFL.

Charles Way, a vice president at the organization and a former New York Giant Full Back, tells it all starts at the beginning. We want players to start preparing for retirement as soon as they walk through the doors as a rookie, ” he says.

In a world where watching heroes crash and burn is as seducing as the latest superhero blockbuster, it’s freshening to ensure people who meet the challenge and rise above it.

Read more:

The Jean-Michel Basquiat I knew …

The graffiti artist turned painter became the superstar of the 1980 s New York art scene. Since his death aged 27, his reputation has risen. On the eve of a major UK show, we speak to his friends

It’s always tempting to mythologise the dead, especially those who die young and beautiful. And if the dead person is also astonishingly gifted, then the myth becomes inevitable. Jean-Michel Basquiat was just 27 when he died, in 1988, a strikingly gorgeous young man whose stunning, genre-wrecking work had already brought him to international attention; who had in the space of only a few years morphed from an underground graffiti artist into a painter who commanded hundreds of thousands of dollars for his canvases.

So perhaps I shouldn’t be surprised that all individuals I talk to who knew Basquiat when he was alive, from girlfriends to collectors, musicians to painters, speaks about him as special. Still, it’s noticeable that they all do. Basquiat- even before he was acknowledged as an artist- was insured by his friends as exceptional.

” I knew when I fulfilled him that he was beyond the normal ,” tells musician and film-maker Michael Holman, who founded the noise band Gray with Basquiat.” Jean-Michel had his defects, he was mischievous, he had certain things about him that could be called amoral, but defining that aside, he had something that I’m sure he had from the moment he was born. It was like he was born fully realised, a realised being .”

” He was a beautiful person and an amazing artist ,” says Alexis Adler, a former girlfriend.” I recognised that from the get-go. I knew he was brilliant. The only person around that time I felt the same thing about was Madonna. I totally, 100% knew they were going to be big .”

Basquiat the man and Basquiat the painter is very difficult to untangle. He lived hard and succumbed harder( from an unintentional heroin overdose ), and had more of the rock-star persona than the art aesthete about him, a cool celebrity sparkle that didn’t always work in his favour. Some art connoisseurs find his work hard to take seriously; others, though, have an immediate, nearly visceral answer. To me, a non-art critic, his work is fantastic: it feels contemporary, with a chaotic, musical sensibility. It’s beautiful and hectic, young and old, graphic, apprehending, packed with equivocal codes; there’s a questioning of identity, especially race, and a sampling of life’s stimulus that takes in music, cartoons, commerce and institutions, as well as celebrities and art greats.( Not sex, though: though he had lots of partners, his paints are rarely erotic .). You could stand in front of a Basquiat painting and be fascinated for hours.

Since he died, Basquiat has had a mixed reputation. There was a time in the 1990 s when he was dismissed as a lightweight. Museums repudiated him as a jumped-up wall-sprayer. But over the past few years, his superstar has been on the rise and even those who are snooty about his art can’t argue with his cultural influence. A few years ago a Christie’s spokesperson described him, pointedly, as” the most collected artist of sportsmen, performers, musicians and entrepreneurs “. As one of the few black American painters to break through into international consciousness, he is referenced a lot in hip-hop: Kanye West, Jay-Z, Swizz Beatz, Nas and others cite Basquiat in their lyrics; Jay-Z, in Most Kingz, uses the” most kings get their head cut off” phrase from Basquiat’s painting Charles the First . Jay-Z and Swizz Beatz own his runs, as do Johnny Depp, John McEnroe and Leonardo DiCaprio. Debbie Harry was the first person ever to pay for a Basquiat piece; Madonna owns his art and they dated for a couple of months in the mid-8 0s.

Jean-Michel Basquiat’s 1982 painting Untitled( LA Painting) selling off $110.5 million( PS85m) at Sotheby’s in New York, to become the sixth most expensive run ever sold at auction. Photograph: Shutterstock

A household name in the US, Basquiat is less well known in the UK, though the sale, in May, of one of his paintings ( Untitled( LA Painting ), 1982) for $110.5 m( PS85m ), the highest amount ever for an American artist at auction, made headlines. Now, Boom for Real, a vast exhibition at the Barbican- the first Basquiat show in the UK for more than 20 years- aims to open our eyes. Researched and curated for four years, it follows his career from street to gallery, recognise the exceptional hours he was working in, and expands its references from straightforwardly visual art to music, literature, Tv and movies, all areas in which Basquiat experimented. It tries to see things from Basquiat’s point of view.

Eleanor Nairne, co-curator of the prove, explains why there hasn’t been a full retrospective up to now. Although Basquiat was immensely prolific during his short life, institutions were slow to recognise his talent.” The hour between his first solo present and his death was six years ,” she tells.” Institutions do not move that quickly. During his lifetime he only had two indicates in a public space[ as opposed to a commercial gallery ]. There’s not a single work in a public collection in the UK .” There are not many in the US, either: the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York has a couple, but when the city’s Museum of Modern Art( MoMA) was offered his work when he was alive, it said no, and it still doesn’t own any of his paints( it has some on loan ). The head curator, Ann Temkin, subsequently admitted that Basquiat’s work was too advanced for her when she was offered it.” I didn’t recognise it as great, it didn’t look like anything I knew .”

Basquiat was born to a middle-class household in Brooklyn. His father was Haitian- quite a strict figure- and his mother, whose mothers were Puerto Rican, was bear in Brooklyn. His mothers split up when he was seven and he and his sisters lived with his father, including a move, for a while, to Puerto Rico. His mom, to whom he was close, was committed to a mental hospital when he was 11. Basquiat was rebellious, angry, and moved from school to school. His education ended in New York when, for a dare, he emptied a box of shaving cream over the principal’s head during a graduation ceremony. By 15, he was leaving home on and off. He once slept in Washington Square Park for a week.

New York City in the late 1970 s was utterly unlike it is now: un-glitzy, rough, with many buildings burnt out and abandoned.” The city was disintegrating ,” tells Alexis Adler,” but it was a very free time. We were able to do whatever we wanted because nobody cared .” Rents were inexpensive( or people squatted) and downtown New York was a grubby, exhilarating mecca for the artistic dispossessed. The punk scene, centred on the venue CBGB, was giving way to something more experimental, involving art, movie and what would become hip-hop. Everyone used to go every night, everyone was creative, everyone was going to make it big.

” We were all these young kids in New York to carry out our Warhol fiction ,” tells Michael Holman,” but instead of being a ringleader as Warhol was, we were in the band ourselves, making art ourselves, we were are active in films, inducing films, “weve all” one-man indicates, with a lot of collaborations. That was the norm, to be a polymath. Whether you were a painter, relevant actors, a poet … you also had to be in a band, in order to really be cool .”

Basquiat was, of course, in a band, with Holman and others including Vincent Gallo; the latter are called Gray. They formed in 1979, but before that, Basquiat induced his presence felt through his graffiti. Working with his school friend Al Diaz, from 1978 he was spraying the buildings of downtown NYC with their shared SAMO tag. SAMO( c ), originally a cartoon character Basquiat had drawn for local schools publication, was derived from the phrase” same old shit “. It was meant, in part, to be a irony on corporations and the tag was straightforward , not decorative. Instead of pictures, SAMO( c) asked odd questions, or stimulated enigmatic, poetic declarations:” SAMO( c) AS A CONGLOMERATE OF DORMANT-GENIOUS[ sic ]” or” PAY FOR SOUP, BUILD A FORT, SET THAT ON FIRE “. The SAMO( c) tag was everywhere. Before anyone knew Jean-Michel Basquiat, they knew SAMO( c ).

Jean-Michel Basquiat and Al Diaz’s SAMO( c) tag. Photograph: Jean-Michel Basquiat /( c) Henry A. Flynt Jr

Basquiat left home permanently at 16 and slept on the sofas and floors of friends’ places, including UK artist Stan Peskett’s Canal Street loft. There he made friends with graffiti artists including Fred Brathwaite( better known as Fab 5 Freddy) and Lee Quinones of graffiti group the Fabulous 5, and attained postcards and collages.( Once Basquiat spotted Andy Warhol in a eatery, popped in and sold him a couple of those postcards .) Brathwaite and Holman put on a party at the loft on 29 April 1979, as a route of bringing uptown hip-hop to the downtown art mob. Before the party started, Holman recollects, this kid turned up, and said he wanted to be in the depict. Holman didn’t know him, but” people with that kind of energy, “youve never” stand in their route, you just say, Yes, run !” They set up a large piece of photo newspaper and Basquiat started spraying it with a can of red paint. He wrote:” Which of the following is omniprznt[ sic ]? a) Lee Harvey Oswald b) Coca Cola logo c) General Melonry or d) SAMO .”” And we all ran, Oh my God, this is SAMO !” tells Holman. Later at the party, Basquiat asked Holman, who had been in the glam-rock band the Tubes, if he too wanted to be in a band. Gray was formed there and then.

The members of Gray, which settled into the line-up of Holman, Basquiat, Wayne Clifford and Nick Taylor, deliberately used painting or sculpture as references, as opposed to music. Their highest expression of praise was ” ignorant”, being implemented in the same route even worse( meaning good ). Holman remembers playing a gig with a long loop-the-loop of videotape passing through a reel-to-reel machine and then around the whole band. Brathwaite was at Gray’s first gig, at the Mudd Club in New York, and told subsequently:” David Byrne[ of Talking Heads] was there. Debbie Harry. It was a real who’s who. Everyone was there because of Jean…SAMO’s in a band! They came out and played for simply 10 minutes. Somebody was playing in a box .”

Gray aimed when Basquiat’s painting took off. He was always painting and draw, initially in the style of Peter Max( suppose Yellow Submarine ), but quickly found his own esthetic, which used write, and had elements of Cy Twombly and Robert Rauschenberg. Because he had no fund for canvases, he painted on the detritus he dragged in from the street- doors, briefcases, tyres- as well as the more permanent elements in his flat: the refrigerator, the Tv, the wall, the floor. About the same day that Gray began, Basquiat started dating Adler, then a budding embryologist( he stepped in to protect her when she innocently elicited a street fighting ). Adler found a flat- at 527 East 12 th Street- where she still lives today, and they both moved in. There, Basquiat painted on everything, including Adler’s clothes.( When, in 2013, Adler revealed that she had maintained a lot of his work, she sold an actual wall of her flat via a Christies auction: it had a Basquiat painting of Olive Oyl on it.” They were careful about taking it out ,” she tells me.” And now we have glass bricks there instead !”)

Although she and Basquiat were sleeping together, it wasn’t a straightforward boyfriend-girlfriend thing, tells Adler.” It was before Aids, a wild day, you could have whatever relationship you wanted .” They had separate rooms, and had sexuality with other people. Adler bought a camera to take pictures of Basquiat’s art, and of him mucking about: he played with putty on his nose, was interested in film and Tv( his phrase” boom for real”, use when he was impressed, came from a TV program ), and shaved the front half of his head, so he would” look as though he was coming and going at the same time “.

They went out every night to the newly opened Mudd Club, in the Tribeca district. Friend came over until all hours( hard for Adler, who worked in a laboratory by day ). PiL’s Metal Box was on rotation, along with Bowie’s Low and records by Ornette Colman, Miles Davis. Adler loved Metal Box and nailed the cover up on the wall. When Basquiat watched it, he was full of disdain. He took the album down and nailed up William Burroughs’s The Naked Lunch in its place.” He detected it offensive that I would put it up ,” tells Adler. It wasn’t good enough to be art in his eyes.

Basquiat on the define of Downtown 81, spray can in hand. Photograph: Alamy

Basquiat lasted at Adler’s flat until the spring of 1980. During that year, his work featured in a couple of group indicates and he played the lead role in the film New York Beat Movie ( eventually released in 2000 as Downtown 81 ; the Barbican show will play it in full ). In the movie, Basquiat is the star, but it’s fun to play spot-the-famous-person: there are cameos by Debbie Harry, Fab 5 Freddy, Lee Quinones; the band Dna and even Kid Creole and the Coconuts make an appearance. The plot is of the day-in-the-life type: Basquiat plays an artist who strays the street trying to sell a painting so he can get enough fund to move back into his apartment. He sells it, but is paid by cheque, so he club-hops, trying to find a girl he can go home with. You can’t imagine the role was much of a stretch.

When he wasn’t clubbing, Basquiat worked hard- Brook Bartlett, an artist he mentored in the early 1980 s, remembers him painting continuously- and his shifting from being penniless to rich happened between 1981 and 1982. He was by then living with Suzanne Mallouk, who had moved from Canada to become an artist. They’d gratified when she was bartending at Night Bird. Basquiat would come in, stand at the back of the room and stare at her. Initially, she thought he was a hobo- “hes having” shaved hair at the front of his head, bleached baby dreads at the back, and wore a coat five sizings too big.” He wouldn’t come to the bar because he had no money for drinkings ,” she recollects.” But then, after 2 week, he came in, put a load of change down and bought the most expensive drink in the place: Remy Martin.$ 7 !”. Mallouk was intrigued. They were the same age and had a lot in common. Basquiat moved into her tiny walk-up flat.

Within eight months, there was money everywhere. Mallouk:” I watched him sell his first painting to Deborah Harry for $200, and then a few months later he was selling paints for $20,000 each, selling them faster than he could paint them. I watched him induce his first million. We ran from stealing bread on the way home from the Mudd Club and eating pasta to buying groceries at Dean& DeLuca; the fridge was full of tarts and caviar, we were drinking Cristal champagne. We were 21 years old .” Basquiat would leave pilings of cash around the apartment, buy Armani suits by the dozen, throw parties with” mounds of cocaine “. His rise coincided with a shift in the city: financiers were looking to invest in art, and they were cruising around art demonstrates, snapping up new work.

The first public illustrate of Basquiat’s paints was in 1981: New York/ New Wave, at PS1 in Long Island, brought together by Mudd Club co-founder and curator Diego Cortez. It was a group show that included pieces by William Burroughs, David Byrne, Keith Haring, Nan Goldin, Robert Mapplethorpeand Andy Warhol, but Basquiat was given a whole wall, which he filled with 20 paints.( The Barbican show recreates this, with 16 of the original 20 on display .) His work caused a sensation.

Jean-Michel Basquiat painting, 1983. Photo: Jean-Michel Basquiat/ Barbican

Basquiat gained a trader: Annina Nosei. She gave him the cellar under her gallery to work in( Fred Brathwaite didn’t approve:” A black child, painting in the basement, it’s not good, man”, he said afterward ), which was where Herb and Lenore Schorr, benign and interested art collectors, satisfied him. The Schorrs expended some time in the gallery choosing a piece of work, without knowing that Basquiat was running beneath them. Once they’d chose, he came up, and, though other collectors determined Basquiat threatening or obtuse, they liked him immediately. He didn’t explain his run-” he always said:” If you can’t figure it out, it’s your problem ,” tells Lenore; to Bartlett, he said:” I paint ghosts”- but he pointed out components that he thought he’d done particularly well, such as a snake.

Things were on the up. In early 1982, Nosei arranged for Basquiat and Mallouk to move from their small flat to the much fancier 151 Crosby Street in Soho, and she hosted his first ever solo show at her gallery: a huge success. Through another dealer, Bruno Bischofberger( his most consistent representative ), Basquiat was formally introduced to Andy Warhol; afterwards, Basquiat instantly made a paint of the two of them, and had it delivered to Warhol, still wet, two hours after they’d parted. They formed the beginning of a relationship. Basquiat was then asked to do a show in LA, at the Gagosian gallery.

Film-maker Tamra Davis, who induced the Basquiat documentary Radiant Child ( 2009 ), met him in Los Angeles. She was an assistant at another gallery and a friend brought Basquiat over.” Jean-Michel came and he didn’t have a car and he didn’t know where to go and we demonstrated him around ,” she tells.” That was our assignment. It was the funnest thing ever. I was going to cinema school, and he really loved films, so we would go to the movies together, talk about them. He was the new thing in township, everyone wanted to get to know him. He was so charming, but it was also like hanging out with the Tasmanian demon. Everywhere he went, chaos would occur. You didn’t know what was going to happen next. It was invigorating, but it was also actually tiring .”

Basquiat, though, was never tired. He had unending energy, partly drug-fuelled: he needed it in LA, as he brought no paintings with him. He rarely did, for his indicates: instead he’d arrive early at whichever city the display was in and construct the paints there.” He could make 20 paintings in three weeks ,” says Davis. In 1986, she filmed him running: he would have source books open, the Tv on, music playing and worked on several canvases at once. For this first LA show, he made works including Untitled( Yellow Tar and Feathers ) and Untitled( LA Painting ), the picture that merely expensed Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa $ 110.5 m( in 1984, it went for $19,000 ). Every single one sold.

Once back in New York, Basquiat left Nosei and joined another merchant, Mary Boone. His reputation was rocketing. The opening for his solo reveal at Patti Astor’s Fun Gallery was packed with celebrities, recall the Schorrs, who consider that particular depict to be his finest, and all the run sold on the first night.

Reviews, however, were scarce. Basquiat’s push-me-pull-you relationship with the art establishment was becoming evident: the dealer he wanted, Leo Castelli, rejected him as too troublesome; there was racism against him for his youth, for having first worked as a graffiti artist, for being untrained, and for being black. His run was represented as instinctive, as opposed to intellectual, though he was well versed in art history; some held the patronising notion that he didn’t know what he was doing.

Basquiat’s Hollywood Africans, 1983. Photograph: Jean-Michel Basquiat/ Barbican
Racism also had an everyday impact: he would leave successful opening parties and find it impossible to get a cab. Herb Schorr would give him lifts to stimulate his life easier( they would gag that he should wear a peaked cap and be Basquiat’s driver ). George Condo, an artist on the rise at the same period, recollects going to a eatery with him in LA and not being allowed in.” I told:’ Do you know who this is? This is Jean-Michel Basquiat, the most important painter of our time .’ The guy told,’ He’s not coming in. We don’t allow his kind in here .'” Brook Bartlett recollects a journey to Europe in 1982 during which a rich Zurich socialite intimated that she, an 18 -year-old white woman, would be a civilising influence on Basquiat, who was four years older and already established. No wonder race became more prominent in his work: in his second LA Gagosian show, in 1983, Basquiat presented paintings such as Untitled( Sugar Ray Robinson ), Hollywood Africans , Horn Players and Eyes and Eggs , featuring black musicians, actors and sportsmen.

Drugs, too, were around more and more.” Everyone in the East Village and in the arts world in the 80 s did medications. Wall street did drugs, everyone did narcotics ,” says Mallouk. But after Mallouk and Basquiat split up in 1983, Basquiat got increasingly into heroin.” He was sniffing it, smoking it and injecting it ,” says Mallouk.” There were some models that he was hanging out with that were doing it and that’s how he got into it .” He became unreliable, travelling to Japan on a caprice, instead of going to Italy, where he had a present. But then, his focus was constantly diverted. Everyone wanted him. He was moving into a different world: his old friends still insured him, but intermittently.

During 1984 and 1985, Basquiat’s star shot higher and higher. There was a lot of travelling, a lot of attention. He was featured on the front covering of the New York Times Magazine in a suit with his feet bare. The Warhol estate rented him an even bigger place, a loft on Great Jones Street large enough for him to use as a studio as well as a flat, and in 1985 Basquiat and Warhol had a show of paints that they’d rendered jointly. Though the poster for the prove has subsequently been constantly reworked and sampled( even Iggy Azalea use it on the coverof her 2011 mixtape Ignorant ), at the time, the reveal was not a success. One critic called Basquiat Warhol’s ” mascot “. Tamra Davis tells this was hard for Basquiat.

” He really thought he was finally going to be appreciated ,” she says.” And instead they tore the reveal apart and said these horrible things about him and Andy and their relationship. He got so sad, and from then on it was hard to see a comeback. Anybody that you talked to that considered him around that time, he got more and more paranoid, his dread went deeper and deeper .”

With Andy Warhol at their joint show in 1985, which was savaged by the critics. Photo: Richard Drew/ AP

And gradually, gradually his heroin use was catching up with him. Alhough he was greatly inspired by a trip to Abidjan, Ivory Coast, and though he had proves all over the world- Tokyo, New York, Atlanta, Hanover, Paris- it became known among his friends that he was fighting. Mallouk would go over to his Great Jones loft.” I would beg him to get help and he only couldn’t do it ,” she tells.” He hurled the Tv at me. People would stop me on the street, telling Jean-Michel is in a really bad way, “hes having” spots all over his face, he looks really out of it, you need to go and assistance him … It was pretty common knowledge that he was not well .”

In February 1987, Andy Warhol succumbed at the age of 58. Basquiat became increasingly reclusive, though he still created work for shows, and made schemes, in early 1988, to revisit Ivory Coast to go to a Senufo village. He began to talk about doing something other than art: penning perhaps, or music, or setting up a tequila business in Hawaii. In 1988, he went to Hawaii to get clean: Davis find him in LA afterwards.” He was sober, he was gonna do better, it was like LA had a bit of Shangri-La about it for him .” But his visit was strange: he brought random people to dinner, people he’d only met at the airport, and he was unnaturally upbeat, too happy. It induced her afraid.

In 2014, Anthony Haden-Guest wrote an article for Vanity Fair that describes in detail Basquiat’s last night: 12 August 1988. In New York, he did medications during the day, and was dragged out to a Bryan Ferry aftershow party at bank-turned-club MK by his girlfriend, Kelly Inman, and another friend. He left promptly, with his pal Kevin Bray. They went back to the Great Jones loft, but Basquiat was nodding. Bray wrote him a note.” I DON’T WANT TO SIT HERE AND WATCH YOU DIE ,” it told. Bray read it out to Basquiat, and left.

The next day, Inman went to the apartment at 5.30 pm. Jean-Michel Basquiat was dead.

It was a sad objective to a rocket-flight life. And the subsequent oppose between Basquiat’s estate and various traders over pieces of his run was not fairly. Collectors sued for paintings bought but never received. Dealers claimed they owned works; the estate said they’d stolen them. There were too many Basquiat pieces knocking around on the market( 500 -6 00 canvasses, according to one expert ): the estate was able to corroborate the provenance of a few. Then the taxman arrived knocking: Basquiat hadn’t paid taxes for three years before his death.

But the years have softened or resolved the debates, and the run has had a life of its own. Though the majority of members of his most important art is owned by collectors, who keep it hidden away, it keeps seeping out, as if drawn to its public. And we want his run, it seems. Not merely are institutions eventually coming around to his genius, but his work can be seen on T-shirts, on sneakers( Reebok did a Basquiat scope ), on the arms of hip-hop artists. Just samples, short clips taken out of context, snippets and hints of the full, mind-whirling Basquiat experience.” He topics things and he references things he wants you to pay attention to ,” tells Davis.” His paints were meant to be seen by as many people as is practicable. They’re like movies or music , not just for person or persons alone .”

His art is irrevocably intertwined with his life: his charisma and drive, his race, his talent and sad demise. But it is bigger than that. Like the best art, it needs the world and the world needs it. And if you stand in front of a Basquiat and look, it sings its own song, just to you.

Basquiat: Boom for Real is at the Barbican, London EC2, from 21 September until 28 January 2018

Basquiat, as recollected by his friends

Basquiat with then girlfriend Suzanne Mallouk. Photo: Duncan Fraser Buchanan

Michael Holman, musician and film-maker
Basquiat was born fully realised. And if anything, that is the kiss of death: you’re gonna burn brightly and burn fast. If you impressed him, if he complimented you, you simply felt you’d been blessed by a saint, it was a very emotionally and spiritually profound experience. That’s one of the ways to calibrate his otherworldliness. Because he would never compliment you if he didn’t believe it to his core.

We all went out[ virtually] every night, till 4 in the morning. It was so important. Not only did we go out and blow off steam, and gratify people, have sex in the bathroom, get high, all that stuff that you do in clubs. But within the clubs the scene also creatively happened … all kinds of happens, performances, art depicts … Club 57 and Mudd Club, they fed us and they directed us and guided us, brought us together with crucial people, in such a way that going to openings or concerts merely didn’t do. It generated their home communities that supported each other. It was a special day. With[ our band] Gray, I taped a microphone to the head of a snare drum, face down, and attached masking videotape to the drum, then pulled the masking tape off and allowed that to be a audio. Jean would loosen the strings on an electric guitar, then run a metal file across the strings.

In 1982, two years after Jean left Gray, I’d become an avant garde film-maker. I had this cable Tv reveal, and I asked him to do an interview. He made it clear to me, without saying anything, that I wouldn’t be able to do this interview if I didn’t get high with him. He was doing base, like a high-end form of crack. I’d never done it before and, boy, I’ve never done it since. I could barely maintain my focus. I could barely stop shaking, but it scarcely affected him. He had such a high tolerance.

He was a sensationalist. He pushed the boundaries of any kind of sensation, anything that would set off his endorphins, his nerve ending, his brain cells. He was after the sensation of something special and brilliant and different and electric and massive. Would he have been good at middle age? Well, part of middle age is the struggle of coming to this place in which you know you’ve plateaued in some ways. When we pass that hump and start going down the other way, we are living and succumbing at the same period. I don’t think he wanted to go there.

Lenore and Herb Schorr, major New York collectors, and the first to recognise and supporting Basquiat
Lenore : We were very excited by the first painting we ensure by him. This is not a common reaction, we’ve observed, even now! He’s a so difficult artist for many, many people. But we just felt he was a wonderful, brilliant artist, very, very early.

Herb : The artists understood him- some of them. They were there first, along with a few professionals. Basically, he had his collector base, but they weren’t knocking down the doors for them as they are today. There was not this hysteria. Really , nothing changes. We’re just finishing reading a book called The Portrait of Dr Gachet by Cynthia Saltzman, which is about a Van Gogh painting, and a lot of it is the same story as Basquiat. It takes 20 years after his death before a Van Gogh enters a museum. Anything which breaks new ground takes a while for people to catch up to.

Lenore : Jean was very smart and he knew his art history. Modernism, Picasso, right up to the present and Jean knew it all. So we really had a nice rapport. I could see it in his work, Picasso, Rauschenberg, they were all important influences, he had absorbed their work. It was beautifully rendered, remade in his language, with his message, with New York at the time, his personal feelings.

Herb : We didn’t see him in a drugged state, well maybe once, he seemed a little angry, he wasn’t the same person. He would call and perhaps he required more fund. Once, he called us up early in the morning and we lived in the suburbs, you know, and he said,” I require money, I have a painting for you .” But he didn’t turn out by the end of the day …

Lenore : It’s so sad, he tried to get off it. Andy Warhol tried hard with him, they would exercising together.

Herb : We have good memories of him. One hour he said he wanted to come up and have a white man’s barbecue.

Lenore : We expected him around three and he shows up at eight, with friends. It was quite a party, there was skinny-dipping- not me!- I had the children here and there was a little pot being smoked, I could reek it, and we were like, We’re gonna be busted! It was a great, fun evening.

Suzanne Mallouk, partner, 1981 -1 983, and lifelong friend
We immediately had this feeling of kindred spirits. We were the same age, I left home at 15, so did he. We were both first generation from immigrant families- my father was Palestinian, his father was Haitian. Both of us didn’t fit into any racial or the various ethnic groups. Both of us suffered racism. We both had old-world parents who utilized corporal punishment. My mother is English, from Bolton. His stepmother was English. It was very interesting, the common histories we had. Authoritarian fathers that assured European women as a award. And I think it truly shaped Jean-Michel’s experience. He was intelligent enough to resent that European females were somehow valued more, he saw the racism in that, yet most of his girlfriends were white. He was conflicted about it; he discussed it with me.

I hated that I had a job and he didn’t. I was an artist, too- how dare he build me run as a waitress and live off me! Often I would come home and he would take money out of my handbag to buy narcotics. We would have terrible fightings. He would say,” I promise I’ll look after you when I’m famous, please just let me do my art, I’m going to be famous very soon .” But I didn’t keep anything, so I didn’t get anything. He didn’t like me maintaining things, he would virtually be jealous of his own artwork. He would say,” Why do you want to keep something of mine when you have me ?” Eventually, he gave me the message that really I could no longer be an artist. He was the only artist in the family and I had to look after him. It was kind of misogynist.

It wasn’t that he only watched Andy[ Warhol] as a father figure, he also truly had a flirtation with him. Often when I was with the two of them together, it didn’t feel like I was there with Jean; it felt like I was there with two homosexual lovers. He once joked with me that he had had sexuality with Andy, but I don’t know if it was a joke. Jean had a history of being bisexual, but Warhol was asexual, so I don’t know. People misunderstand the relationship if they just think Andy was helping Jean. Jean was already he was highly established, he was already famous or Andy would not have been interested in him. I guess Andy needed new life inhaled into his career; I suppose the two of them needed each other.

Two weeks before his death, I was living with a new boyfriend in my little East Village shanty. Jean rang the buzzer in the middle of the night and we both get up, and told ” Who is it ?”” Jean-Michel, Jean-Michel, is Suzanne there ?” I buzzed him in but he never came up. I operated down the stairs to look for him, but he’d gone, and two weeks later he was dead. My heart was break when I ran down the stairs and he was gone. Because I never stopped loving him. I still feel love for him and he’s been dead for over 30 years.

You’re going to think I’m mad, but I have dreams, and in the dreams Jean-Michel is ageing. It’s as though he’s living in a parallel world. And often he’s annoyed that I’m there, he’s like,” Don’t tell anyone I’m here Suzanne. Don’t tell anyone I faked my demise, and especially don’t tell the New York Times !” He’s just living a really simple life,

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Alternative medication treatment set four-year-old boy in A& E – BBC News

Image copyright Thinkstock

The plight of a four-year-old boy who virtually succumbed after his parents dedicated him 12 alternative medications has inspired doctors to warn against the treatments.

Doctors at Newham Hospital in east London said the mothers were “devastated” that their good intentions had built him so unwell.

The boy took a dozen supplements supposedly to help treat his autism.

The National Autistic Society said it was crucial for physicians to talk through health risks of alternative therapies.

The boy developed a potentially fatal condition after taking supplements from a naturopath( natural health practitioner) for a number of months, which included vitamin D, camel’s milk, silver and Epsom bath salts.

He was admitted to A& E after losing 6.5 lbs( 3kg) over three weeks, suffering from symptoms including vomiting and extreme thirst.

Image copyright Science Photo Library Image caption ‘Often parents think that supplements are natural, safe…but this is not true in many cases’

Dr Catriona Boyd and Dr Abdul Moodambail, writing in the British Medical Journal Case Reports , said it was not until the son had been at Newham Hospital, which is part of St Bart’s Health Trust, for several days that his mother told them about the holistic supplements.

Dr Moodambail told the BBC: “This happens on many occasions with other patients as well.

“Often the mothers think that these supplements are natural, safe and do not cause any side effects or adverse effects, but this is not true in many cases like this.”

He added: “The situation was stark because the child developed vitamin D toxicity leading to very high calcium levels, building the child quite unwell and this can even be fatal as well.”

The boy made a full recovery in two weeks after being treated with hyperhydration and medications to reduce his calcium level.

What are complementary and alternative therapies?

Complementary and alternative medications( CAMs) are therapies that fall outside of mainstream healthcare Generally when a non-mainstream practise is used together with conventional medication, it is considered “complementary” When a non-mainstream practice is used instead of conventional medication, it is considered “alternative” Examples of CAMS include homeopathy, acupuncture, osteopathy, chiropractic and herbal medicines Some complementary and alternative medications or treatments are based on principles and an proof base that are not recognised by the majority of independent scientists Others have been proven to work for a limited number of health conditions, such as osteopathy, chiropractic and acupuncture for treating lower back pain When a person uses any health treatment – including a CAM – and experiences an improvement, this may be due to the placebo consequence Osteopaths and chiropractors are regulated in the same route as mainstream medical professionals There is no statutory professional regulation of any other CAM practitioners

Robin Williams’s widow reveals how dying performer opposed ‘chemical warfare in his brain’

Susan Schneider Williams has written about her husbands struggle with Lewy body disease, a form of dementia that created a terrorist inside his head

The widow of Robin Williams has lifted the eyelid on the actors struggle with a debilitate neurological disease in the months before he took his own life, likening it to chemical warfare in his brain.

Writing in the journal of the American Academy of Neurology, Williams wife Susan Schneider Williams has detailed the final months of her husbands life as the couple struggled to respond to his devastating decline in health.

Williams took his own life in August 2014.

Three months before his death Williams was diagnosed with Parkinsons, but Schneider Williams has previously exposed the autopsy identified that he had suffered from Lewy body disease( LBD ).

In her essay, the terrorist inside my husbands brain, she told physicians would later discover it was instead one of the worst cases they had ever seen.

LBD is an incurable form of neurodegenerative illnes. It is the second most common sort of dementia after Alzheimers, with which it shares many symptoms, and can be misdiagnosed as Parkinsons disease.

In October 2013, on the couples second wedding anniversary, Williams experienced gut inconvenience, and dread and anxiety which skyrocketed to a point that was alarming, Schneider Williams wrote.

He had already been experiencing various physical ailments, which had been intermittent and which the couple and doctors had believed were unrelated. By December he would suffer from increasing levels of paranoia, hallucinations and looping, insomnia, memory, and high cortisol levels.

After his death doctors found that a high concentration of Lewy bodies in his brains amygdala had caused the acute paranoia and out-of-character emotional responses.

Schneider Williams described it as chemical warfare in his brain.

How I wish he could have known why he was struggling, that it was not a weakness in his heart, spirit, or character, she said.

Over the following months Williams suffered from panic attacks and memory loss, struggling to remember lines during the shooting of Night at the Museum 3.

His mental state declined, and Schneider Williams find herself increasingly unable to reassure his anxieties and insecurities.

Robin was losing his mind and he was aware of it. Can you imagine the pain he felt as he experienced himself disintegrating? And not from something he would ever know the name of, or understand? Neither he , nor anyone could stop it no sum of intelligence or love could hold it back, she said.

He kept telling, I just want to reboot my brain.

While had been diagnosed with Parkinsons disease, Schneider Williams wrote that after his death it became apparent that, pathologically, he suffered from diffuse LBD.

One neuropathologist described LBD and[ Parkinsons disease] as being at opposite aims of a disease spectrum. That spectrum is based on something they share in common: the presence of Lewy bodies the unnatural clumping of the normal protein, a-synuclein, within brain neurons, she said.

Schneider Williams told four doctors investigated her husbands autopsy report and final two years of medical records and they indicated his was one of the worst pathologies they had seen.

He had about 40% loss of dopamine neurons and virtually no neurons were free of Lewy bodies throughout the entire brain and brainstem.

She said the medical squad had been on the right track in diagnosing and treating Williams before he died, but she would never know if that would have made a difference.

I am not convinced that the knowledge would have done much more than prolong Robins agony while he would surely become one of the most famous test subjects of new medicines and ongoing medical trials, she said.

Even if we experienced some level of comfort in knowing the name, and fleeting hope from temporary convenience with medications, the terrorist was still going to kill him.

Schneider Williams, who was last week appointed to the American Brain Foundations board of directors, said she wrote the essay to increase neurologists understanding of patients and caregivers and to add a few more faces to the reasons they conduct research.

In the US, the National Suicide Prevention Hotline is 1-800-273-8255. In the UK, the Samaritans can be contacted on 116 123 . In Australia, the crisis support service Lifeline is on 13 11 14. Hotlines in other countries can be found here .

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Denholm Family Chiropractic celebrates 20 th anniversary in business – Crawford county avalanche

Crawford district avalanche

Hillary Clinton slams ‘groups of men’ trying to strip away women’s health protections

New York( CNN) Hillary Clinton, speaking at the 100 th anniversary gala honour Schemed Parenthood on Tuesday, slammed “groups of men” in Washington, DC who are deciding the future of women’s health protections — a not-so-subtle reference to the Trump administration.

President Donald Trump’s White House described the ire of groups like Planned Parenthood this year when it tweeted a photo of a meeting on health care between Vice President Mike Pence and more than a dozen male politicians from the House Freedom Caucus. Among the topics that they discussed: Health care reform, including a provision to remove a federal statute that requires insurance companies to cover maternity leave and pregnancy care.

“As we speak, legislators in Washington are still doing everything they can to roll back the rights and progress we’ve fight so hard for over the last century, ” said Clinton, Trump’s Democratic adversary during the presidential campaign. “I mean, could you believe those the photos of groups of men around that seminar table deciding to strip away coverage for pregnancy and maternity care? “

Why You Should Feed Broccoli Every Single Day –