“I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.”
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. said those words in his famous “I Have A Dream Speech” in 1963. Now, 52 years later, he might be heartened to know Mississippi is making progress.
Mississippi ranks third out of the fifty states and the District of Columbia for the amount of racial progress it has made over time, according to a recent WalletHub study. Georgia ranked as the top state for racial progress, while New Mexico came in second.
The study looked at 10 historical indicators in each state (things like homeownership, median income and poverty rates) for both black and white people, then compared the gap between them as a measure of inequality. States whose gaps shrank the most over time were deemed to have made the most progress.
In terms of racial integration alone, Hawaii was found to be the most unified, followed by New Mexico, Texas and Maryland. Hawaii also had the second-lowest gap in median annual income between black and white populations, the lowest gap in the poverty rate, and the lowest gap in the rate of business ownership.
From a policy perspective, what sets the more successful states apart, and how can that be implemented elsewhere?
“Racial inequality takes place in employment, housing, education, policing, in accessing affordable quality health care, and in many more arenas,” Meghan Burke, an associate professor of sociology at Illinois Wesleyan University, explained in the report. “States are bound to vary in those inequality levels because of the different demographics, economies, and policies.”
“However, one thing seems clear: race-conscious and proactive, intentional policy to create and sustain equal opportunity is always better than policies favoring the free market or those that are color-blind in other ways,” she added. “Pretending racism and inequality doesn’t exist, or that it can be solved through individual (market) choices, will only continue to grow these already-deep inequalities.”
Race-conscious and proactive, intentional policy to create and sustain equal opportunity is always better than policies favoring the free market or those that are color-blind in other ways.
The handful of experts interviewed in the report largely supported that basic premise, though they differed in their assessments of how much progress the country has actually made.
Nearly all agreed we must prioritize — and fund — quality education, and remove a wide variety of barriers to homeownership, which traditionally has been the greatest builder of wealth for American families.
“Because wealth can be transmitted across generations, what has occurred in the past still reverberates in the present,” Margaret Anderson, a sociology professor at the University of Delaware, explained in the report.
“Bank redlining, predatory lending practices, and the greater likelihood of racial minorities receiving subprime loans means that they have been unable to accumulate assets (mostly in the form of home ownership) to the same extent as whites,” she continued.
We’re still a long way from realizing the vision laid out in King’s dream, but we’re making progress. Or, as he said, more eloquently:
“I say to you today, my friends, though, even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up, live out the true meaning of its creed: ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.'”
Many of us depend on caffeine. Some of us can’t even start our day without it.
Whether you get your daily caffeine fix from coffee, tea, or a canned energy drink doesn’t make much of a difference. It’s still a stimulant with some positive and negative effects.
For starters, caffeine attains most of us feel more alert and awake. But while it can keep us focused, too much can also backfire. And the committee is also affects everything in our bodies from our digestion to our metabolism and vision.
Caffeine hijacks this natural process by simulating adenosine in the brain. It latches onto the receptors designed for adenosine, pushing them out of the way. As a outcome, were left feeling more alert and awake.
This is why your morning cup of coffee can abruptly turn into two the more receptors you have, the more caffeine you need to plug them up.
It boosts our mood .
As a central nervous system stimulant, caffeine doesnt just boost alertness, it can also improve your mood and is even associated with a reduced danger of depression especially when consumed in the form of coffee.
Even though too much of any stimulant can induce people anxious and irritable, a mild dosage has been shown to boost mood. This is due to the same adenosine-blocking consequence that makes you feel alert. By blocking adenosines relaxing impacts, caffeine lets dopamine and glutamine, another natural stimulant being developed by your brain, run wild, making you more alert, less borne, and providing a mood boost.
But pumps up our adrenaline levels, which can leave us irritable .
Adrenaline is the hormone behind the fight or flight reaction. It tells us either to stay and face a threatening situation or flee the scene. Unfortunately, while a burst of adrenaline can be helpful for trenching someone chasing after us or defending ourselves in a fight, the aggressive hormone does no good when were trying to handle a more delicate situation like negotiating in a meeting or responding to a text.
Caffeine arouses our brain cells, which tells our hormone control center the pituitary gland that theres situations of emergency. The pituitary tells the adrenal glands( located above the kidneys) to flood the body with adrenaline.
In this excited state, were great at operating and fighting but we also tend to be more irritable, anxious, and far more emotionally-charged.
It improves our memory .
Caffeine has been shown to improve certain types of memory in some( but not all) analyzes, especially the ability to rememberlists of wordsand straightforward information. Some research shows that it helps those memories stick in the brain as well, making it easierto recall that info at a later time.
One recent survey indicates that extroverts get more of a working-memory boost from caffeine than introverts. This may explain why some studies find a more significant effect than others. Stephen Braun, the author of Buzz: The Science and Lore of Alcohol and Caffeine, explains that individuals reactions to caffeine vary greatly: while person or persons might thrive on a high level of caffeine, itll make another person unable to get anything done.
One of the common reasons people use caffeine is to help them focus on a chore, and no wonder: one of the more clear mental effects of caffeine is a boost in the ability to focus, especially for someone who is fatigued.
However, most people are familiar with caffeine jitters too if you ingest too much of it, its hard to focus on anything.
But perhaps only after it’s hooked us .
Some research been shown that for some people, caffeines perceived benefits arent genuinely benefits at all.
For some, these studies suggest, all of the benefits of caffeine from better mood to improved memory and attention span may simply be the result of a new dosage of caffeine temporarily reversing the effects of longer-term withdrawal from the drug.
It might tamp down your appetite but only for a short time .
A cup of coffee likely blunts your appetite for a brief hour, but theres little to no evidence that making caffeine a regular habit can keep hunger stabs at bay or help with weight loss.
Most examines looking at caffeines effect on appetite have either been too small or only done in animals, building it hard to say their effects would apply to people more broadly.
It helps some medicines work faster .
If youve ever had a killer migraine, youve likely tried Excedrin, an over-the-counter medication marketed specifically for these kinds of rare, severe headaches. What you might not know is that in addition to traditional pain alleviating ingredients like ibuprofen and acetaminophen, Excedrin contains caffeine.
Theres some evidence that caffeine, when be included with certain pain-relieving drugs like acetaminophen( the main active ingredient in Tylenol) and aspirin, helps those drugs take effect quicker, last longer, and increases their effects.
For example, a 2007 examine of 24 people who took either caffeine and the painkiller acetaminophen, either drug alone, or a placebo found that those whod taken the combination of( as opposed to either one alone) saw a stronger decrease in pain symptoms that also tended to last longer.
It’s one of the best athletic performance enhancers out there .
The most commonly used psychoactive medication in the world caffeine is also one of the more common performance-enhancing medications used in sports.
The reason? It works, provided you carefully calculate the right dosage and dont use too much of it in day-to-day life.
If you can tolerate it, it seems to be the upper objective of what you can have to improve performance, exert physiologist Matthew Ganio told The Atlantic. If dosed correctly( and if it isnt merely returning a caffeine junkie to a baseline level ), it provides just enough of a boost that athletes watch notable performance gains.
But it sticks around in our bodies for a long time .
Ever wonder if that late afternoon beaker of coffee( or that evening espresso) is going to keep you up at night?
It takes about 5 or 6 hours before half of the caffeine youve ingested wears off so a couple beaker of coffee at 4 p. m. could leave you still feeling the effects of a beaker of coffee by 10 p.m.
If thats enough to keep you up, plan accordingly.
Caffeine can give you heartburn .
While a warm cup of coffee might seem allaying if youre stressed out, it may have negative effects as well. Not merely can that adrenaline burst increase nervousnes levels, caffeine also raises acid levels in your belly. This can lead to heartburn and can be especially bad if you suffer from ulcers.
And it’s the most commonly used psychoactive medication in the world .
One of the things thats most rarely discussed with regard to caffeine is that it is, in fact, a drug. It has psychoactive impacts, changing the route we feel and interact with the world around us.
Its the most commonly usedpsychoactive drug in the entire world, which is probably why we dont think about it as a drug. Yet think of how many of us cant or wont get through a day without it( this novelist included ).
Harvard neuroscientist Charles Czeisler thinks that caffeine, be included with energy, let humans to escape natural patterns of sleep and wakefulness, violating them free from the cycle of the sun, basically enabling the great transformation of human economic endeavor from the farm to the factory, according to a look at this miracle drug in National Geographic. It enables the modern world.
When identical twin Teegan and Riley Lexcen were born in August, physicians told their parents that Teegan, who was born missing a lung and half of her heart, wouldn’t survive for long.
Baby Teegan’s condition seemed inoperable, entailing she would need a miracle. Thankfully, after four months, doctors in Miami dedicated her one — with the help of a tool you don’t see in most operating rooms: a modest, build-it-yourself virtual reality spectator called Google Cardboard.
Because of Teegan’s missing lung, her heart is located in her far left chest, making it very difficult to operate. Doctors at the Nicklaus Children’s Hospital were further disadvantaged due to a broken 3-D printer, which meant there was no way to design or scheme a surgery.
When used in combination with a smartphone, Google’s $ 20 kit enabled Teegan’s team of physicians to view her heart from all slants within the context of her body. They were then be permitted to design a surgery perfectly suited to her heart, greatly reducing the risk of operation.
Burke believes Google Cardboard, simple as it may appear, constructed the operation possible.
“There are certainly more expensive technologies you could use to look at virtual imaging, but I believed this was really elegant because it’s basically a cardboard box, ” Burke told reporters at a press conference.
Now, though Teegan will require more surgeries, her parents “re hoping that” she will pull through.
“Being innovative seems to be the goal for this hospital and its doctors, ” Cassidy Lexcen said, according to the Miami Herald. “And innovation is what saved our daughter’s life.”
Israel Stinson was declared brain dead after suffering from an apparent asthma attack. (Fox40)
A California toddler whose family waged a court battle to keep him on life support after he was declared brain dead has been transferred to another hospital.
According to a post on the family’s GoFundMe page, 2-year-old Israel Stinson was transferred to an undisclosed location in another country over the weekend.
“Israel Stinson was transferred out of Kaiser Permanente yesterday!!!” Jonee Fonseca, the boy’s mother, posted on the page. “He has been taken to another facility and is already receiving care!!!”
“Due to the sensitivity of Israel’s case, we are not yet ready to disclose where he is, but we can say this… in order for Israel to receive his badly needed care, he had to be transferred out of the United States,” Fonseca wrote.
Kevin Snider, the family’s attorney, confirmed Monday that the boy was admitted to another facility, but declined to release the name of the hospital.