Three years ago Luvo Manyonga was a crystal meth addict. Now he is an Olympic silver medallist. This is his journey from the tik-addled townships to Rio glory, with the help of an Irish former street-sweeper turned strongman
Luvo Manyonga has already made my favourite narrative of the year but, on a gentle summer afternoon in Pretoria, the South African long jumper is just getting started. At the Rio Olympics in August, Manyonga conjured up a dizzying leap when he transformed the desperate grind of poverty and drug addiction into a beautifully shiny silver medal and soothing redemption. It demonstrated “hes having” overcome the bleak hold that crystal meth once exerted over his township life.
Manyonga now looks like a million dollars. He might be wearing only a vest, shorts and flip-flops but he gleams with health at the University of Pretorias High Performance Centre 900 miles from the meth lairs of Mbekweni in the Cape. Manyonga talks with a Bolt-like conviction which only a gifted young athlete can carry off with style when he smiles as easily as this reborn Olympian.
I can be the best jumper in the world right now, the 25 -year-old says with an assured grinning. It wont take me long. By next year you will see flames.
A former Irish street-sweeper and Coney Island strongman has played a significant role in this incredible story. John McGrath ran go looking for Luvo in 2013, at a time when Manyonga was a lost soul and few people outside his family seemed to care whether the athlete survived. McGrath eventually tracked him down and, after a few hard years of working together, Manyonga determined the strength within himself to start jumping again.
I had expended the previous day with McGrath and Manyongas family in Mbekweni an hours drive from Cape Town. I tell Manyonga now that, before I left the township, McGrath said he was certain his friend would become the greatest long jumper in history. Yes, I believe that, Manyonga says. I was born in 1991 the same year the[ current] world record was defined [8. 95 m by Mike Powell ]. So I think it is a calling for me.
Can Manyonga become the first man to jump beyond nine metres a mark as resonant in his event as dipping under 10 seconds was once in the 100 m or when operating a mile in under four minutes was a dreamily impossible landmark? It is possible. Definitely. It can happen. Im super hungry with the ambition of taking over the world.
His ear studs flash and the tattoo spelling out LUVO on his arm flexes virtually in amusement at his bravado. But, as always with Manyonga, his past stimulates such boldness as moving as it is striking: In life I have overcome so many obstacles. So to get a silver medal in the Olympics is a privilege. But this was my first Olympics and still more is coming. I am the type of person where I dont get overawed. I dreamed about the Olympics since I started. So it didnt seem super-huge to me. Other people might feel different because they didnt experience what I did.
Manyonga leaning back when I ask him to describe his mood before the final. I was chilled out. I shared a room with Khotso Mokoena[ who won silver in the long jump at the 2008 Beijing Olympics] and I told him: Dude, I cant wait for tomorrow. Id been waiting for this moment so long. I was annoy I even had to go to sleep first. But I slept beautifully. I even slept earlier so I could get the night over. When I woke up in the morning “its like”
He searches for the right word. Christmas? I suggest.
Two hundred percentage, Manyonga beams. I just wanted the time to come right now. I wanted to show the world Luvo Manyonga is back.
Manyonga jumped a personal best of 8. 37 m, a mark he has since smashed, and he was comfortably ahead of the 2012 Olympic champion, Britains Greg Rutherford, whose leap of 8. 29 m would win him bronze. It was only on Jeff Hendersons sixth and final jump that the American snatched the Olympic gold medal away from Manyonga with 8.38 m. Those 10 mm are just grainy corpuscles of dust compared to the vast distance Manyonga has travelled out of the darkness and into the illumination of a new life.
She spent three years working for Hitlers close confidante right up until his death on 1 May 1945, when Goebbels and his wife, Magda, poisoned their six children before killing themselves.
Pomsel, who had accompanied the Goebbels into Hitlers bunker in the dying days of the Nazi regime, described being dumbstruck on hearing the news. She told the makers of the documentary, A German Life, which is due to open in British cinemas afterwards this year: I will never forgive Goebbels for what he did to the world or for the fact that he murdered his innocent children.
It was perhaps the closest she got to expressing any regret for her role in the Nazi death machine. Her job required her, alongside everyday administrative chores, to systematically alter statistics, such as reducing the numbers of German soldiers who had been killed in the war and increasing the number of rapes said to have been perpetrated on German females by Red Army soldiers. But still she concluded more than seven decades later: Really, I didnt do anything other than kind in Goebbels office.
Pomsel called it an act of foolery that she ever decided to work for Goebbels. But her typing velocity was excellent, and so was the pay, so only an infectious disease would have stopped me from becoming a secretary to the Nazi propaganda minister, she said.
She insisted she had simply acted like most Germans by not defying the regime. Those people nowadays who say they would have stood up against the Nazis I believe they are sincere in meaning that, but believe me, most of them wouldnt have, she told the Guardian in her last interview in 2016.
She described how, after the rise of the Nazi party, the whole country was as if under a kind of a spell. I could open myself up to the accusations that I wasnt interested in politics, but the truth is the idealism of youth might easily have led to you having your neck broken.
Pomsels health had deteriorated rapidly following a fall in the months since the films release at Munich film festival last July.
This is the first article in our new ongoing series Science or Snake Oil. Articles will look at the claims for a product and decide whether they are supported by science or lacking in evidence .
The human adult liver weighs about one-and-a-half kilograms, making it one of the largest organs in the body. It is a matter of a range of functions. It helps break down fats, carbohydrates and proteins into substances the body can utilise.
The liver acts as a storage unit for these substances( including vitamins and minerals) and supplies the body with them when they need it. For example, when your blood sugar level drops, the liver will release stored carbohydrate( glycogen) to rectify the problem.
It also acts by metabolising toxins into harmless substances or by eliminating toxic substances from the body. Clever marketing has led us to believe it is the food that contains toxins and, hence, following a diet that eliminates certain foods and taking over-the-counter products that cleanse your liver of toxins will detoxify the liver.
Can The Liver Be Cleansed ?
We have a misconception we can cleanse the body by following a detox diet.
This is a complete fallacy. To explain this process one must first understand exactly what a toxin is. A toxin is a harmful substance that enters your body from the environment. Examples include carbon monoxide from motor vehicles, bisphenol A( BPA) from customer plastics, and heavy metal such as result and mercury. Toxins can also include drugs and poisons.
However, substances are merely toxic based on the sums in which we ingest them. The situation in which detoxification is involved is when someone is being treated in a hospital for a dangerous level of a substance that is life-threatening.
The liver is otherwise working to eliminate unwanted substances in the body through our faeces and urine. These are the toxic byproducts from the metabolization of foods. For instance, excessive sums of protein can be dangerous to the liver.
Many over-the-counter products claim to clean your liver of toxins. But does the liver genuinely respond to an over-the-counter product that claims to detoxify or mend its function?
Most of these products contain the active ingredients from Silybum marianum ( known as milk thistle) and Taraxacum officinale ( known as dandelion ). Many of the formulations also contain other ingredients such as selenium, phosphatidylcholine, amino acids, artichoke leaf, green tea leaf and turmeric root, to name a few.
Several companies render a range of liver detox or liver cleanse products with differing quantities and ingredient compositions. But how strong is the evidence to display these active ingredients actually help with liver repair?
Some popular liver detox brands. Screenshot, Chemist Warehouse
Milk thistle extract( standardised to 80% silymarin) is the most commonly marketed herb claimed to detoxify the liver. Silymarin is the active ingredient in milk thistle. The use of milk thistle for therapy of various types of diseases dates back to Dioscorides, the first-century Greek physician.
In more recent times, it has been used to treat liver cancer. However the majority of studies that have been conducted are of low-quality study design, so its purported efficacy is still questioned.
There is some evidence to suggest milk thistle( usually accompanied by other substances) is beneficial for improving blood cholesterol, insulin resistance and inflammatory markers in the body. There is no evidence, however, to suggest milk thistle detoxifies the liver which many of these products claim.
Since then, the medicinal utilize of the plant has been tested for a range of cancers. But the evidence is contradictory, or based on poor study design with incomparable results.
Of greater relevance is that the majority of research analyse the efficacy of this flower extract has been tested merely in animals. Similar to milk thistle extract, there is no evidence to suggest it helps to eliminate toxins or detoxify the liver, and hence serves no benefit for such a proposed indication.
A Healthy Liver
To have a well-functioning liver you simply have to eat healthy foods and restriction your intake of substances, such as alcohol, that cause it to work harder. Excessive intake of any one particular food may contribute to an increased loading on the liver.
Therefore, a healthy, well-balanced diet based on national guidelines is the best liver cleanse available, rather than spending disposable income on over-the-counter products that are not backed by scientific literature supporting such claims.
Complementary medicines are members of the largest growing marketplaces in the world. Governing bodies must continue to incentivise companies to conduct innovative research to support the specific claims accompanying their products. Its imperative companies are transparent in their ad claims so customers know what they are spending their fund on from both an efficacy and safety point of view.
Evidence for approved ingredients should not be generalised from product to product. This is because the evidence supporting one such product is made up of a unique combining of ingredients and dosages. The most recent review of the regulatory framework for complementary medicines is available on the Department of Health website.
The plight of a four-year-old boy who nearly succumbed after his mothers devoted him 12 alternative medicines has inspired physicians to warn against the treatments.
Doctors at Newham Hospital in east London said the parents were “devastated” that their good intentions had constructed him so unwell.
The boy took a dozen supplements supposedly to help treat his autism.
The National Autistic Society said it was crucial for physicians to talk through health risks of alternative therapies.
The boy developed a potentially fatal condition after taking supplements from a naturopath( natural health practitioner) for a number of months, which included vitamin D, camel’s milk, silver and Epsom bath salts.
He was admitted to A& E after losing 6.5 lbs( 3kg) over three weeks, suffered by symptoms including vomiting and extreme thirst.
Dr Catriona Boyd and Dr Abdul Moodambail, writing in the British Medical Journal Case Reports , said it was not until the son had been at Newham Hospital, which is part of St Bart’s Health Trust, for several days that his mother told them about the holistic supplements.
Dr Moodambail told the BBC: “This happens on many occasions with other patients as well.
“Often the mothers is considered that these supplements are natural, safe and do not cause any side effects or adverse effects, but this is not true in many cases like this.”
He added: “The situation was stark because the child developed vitamin D toxicity leading to very high calcium levels, stimulating the child quite unwell and this can even be fatal as well.”
The boy made a full recovery in two weeks after being treated with hyperhydration and medications to reduce his calcium level.
What are complementary and alternative therapies?
Complementary and alternative medications( CAMs) are treatments that fall outside of mainstream healthcare Generally when a non-mainstream practise is used together with conventional medication, it is considered “complementary” When a non-mainstream practise is used instead of conventional medicine, it is considered “alternative” Examples of CAMS include homeopathy, acupuncture, osteopathy, chiropractic and herbal medicines Some complementary and alternative medications or therapies are based on principles and an proof base that are not recognised by the majority of independent scientists Others have been proven to work for a limited number of health conditions, such as osteopathy, chiropractic and acupuncture for treating lower back ache When a person use any health therapy – including a CAM – and experiences an improvement, this may be due to the placebo consequence Osteopaths and chiropractors are regulated in the same way as mainstream medical professionals There is no statutory professional regulation of any other CAM practitioners
With time farther expiring on House Republicans long list of legislative aims, members have again asked Speaker Paul Ryan to cancel the chambers August recess.
During the 2016 elections, President Trump and Republican candidates operating for the House and Senate promised the American people that with unified Republican government we could attain many of the policy priorities that have been mere hopes for the last several years, Arizona GOP Rep. Andy Biggs wrote in his letter to Ryan, a Wisconsin Republican.
Biggs and the 11 other House Republicans who signed the letter Friday cited a long list of pressing issues on our docket including the repeal of ObamaCare, passing a tax reform plan, reign in federal spending and working toward balancing the budget.
The American people put their religion in us and are counting on us to carry out these goals, they also wrote.
Congress on Friday violated for a approximately two-week Fourth of July recess and will return to Washington for about 14 legislative working days before their month-long August break.
The letter also cited the need to pass a federal budget and appropriate federal funding by Sept. 30, when the U.S. government technically runs out of money.
And it quoth the need to reauthorize the Federal Aviation Administration, the Childrens Health Insurance Program, the National Flood Insurance Program and Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
The House Freedom Caucus — roughly 30 of the chambers most conservative members including Biggs — was among the first to support the effort to cancel the August recess.
The group said in early June that Congress must remain in session the summer months to continue working to accomplish the priorities of the American people.
White House budget Director Mick Mulvaney lately said that he supportings Congress staying in session through at least part of August.
And White House Counselor Kellyanne Conway has made clear that President Trump, a businessman and real estate mogul by trade, wants faster results.
When he says drain the inundate, its not just about getting rid of all the crocodiles in the water that we dont need. Its about moving at a different pace, she recently told Fox News Fox& Friends.
The GOP-led Senate is perhaps under an even tighter deadline, after leaving for July break without passing their ObamaCare overhaul bill.
Still, get Republican congressional leaders to cancel or shorten the August recess, practically a perennial petition, is unlikely.
Capitol Hill lawmakers historically use August to travel in delegations to foreign countries.
This year, a journey to China is scheduled through the U.S. Asia Institute, and a trip-up to Israel is being led by the American Israel Education Foundation, according to a high-ranking congressional aide.
To celebrate Observer Food Monthlys 15 th birthday, Nigel Slater shares his favourite dishes from 1,000 created for the magazine and others never seen before
Recipes have always been at the heart of OFM. They spring from the simple idea of enthusiastic cooks sharing ideas, passing on a recipe the government had made in the hope that others too might find it delicious. Over the years many of our recipes have come from professional chefs, others from cookery writers, home cooks, producers, growers, the occasional celebrity. Some of them have been mine. Virtually hundreds of thousands of if my maths is correct.
For this special birthday issue, I have brought together a collection of new recipes but among them you will find a few old favourites I have rethought. I have always enjoyed tweaking my own recipes, rethinking an earlier notion. Bringing a suggestion up to date, getting a new perspective, introducing a different ingredient, dispensing with the unnecessary.
Our eating doesnt stand still, so why should our recipes? Yes, there is always that trusty coffee and walnut cake we bring out at all opportunities( and so we should ), and a time-honoured classic is always worth repeating, but I celebrate that there is always a new take over a recipe waiting in the wings. The chance to revise, refresh and rethink can often be deliciously rewarding.
The recipes that follow, one for each of the publications 15 years, have been huge fun to make. I hope there is something for everyone. The lamb roasted over flatbread has become a favourite at home, especially if you use quite thick flatbread, so the outside crisp and the inside soaks up the sweet, herby fat from the roasting meat. The lemon creme fraiche ice cream with warm crumble maintained me dipping into the freezer with my teaspoon for days. The artichoke bruschetta has become a new place to turning for lunch-at-my-desk.
So here are 15 recipes its a pleasure for me to share with you. Because sharing is what recipes are all about.
Intestinal worms have an unbelievably bad reputation. The thought of them sneaking around inside our bodies and feeing us from the inside is pretty unpleasant. But just 100 years ago, before toilets and running water were cliche, everybody had regular exposure to intestinal worms. Thanks in part to modern plumbing, people in the industrialized world have now lost almost all of their worms, with the exception of occasional pinworms in some children.
Intestinal worms are properly called helminths, which most dictionaries will tell you are parasites. Exploiting their hosts, draining resources, sucking the life out of the body thats what parasites do, by definition. Indeed, many helminths, including the porcine tapeworm and the human hookworm, are known to cause illness and even demise in the human population. Parasitic worms are still a big problem in some parts of the world.
But for decades, outcomes coming out of laboratory after laboratory have shown that some kinds of helminths can be extremely beneficial to their host, and arent parasites at all.
These helpful helminths are mutualists, a type of organism that receives benefits from its host, and also provides benefits to the host.
For example, my lab, working with a Duke University colleague, Staci Bilbo, recently showed that the presence of helminths in pregnant rats protects the brains of the rat pup from rednes. In other words, it seems that moms helminths can protect unborn babies. And that is just the tip of the iceberg for what these critters can do.
Worms May Help With Allergy And Multiples Sclerosis
Having worms isnt necessarily bad for you. The largest randomized trial ever performed in human history involving two million children in India looked at how helminths affect health in places where humans naturally have them. The examine showed that mass treatment with an effective deworming narcotic did not increase body weight or survival. Shockingly, the helminths didnt seem to be doing any harm, since getting rid of them didnt improve health.
So that analyze seemed to show the is a lack of damage; could these helminths actively be doing good?
In the past, scientists thought that expanded in inflammatory illness such as hay fever and multiple sclerosis in industrialized societies were due to keeping our created surroundings too clean. Thus the name hygiene hypothesis.
The idea that helminths can help us with a broad range of inflammatory diseases that plague modern society makes a lot of sense when considering the science behind how helminths interact with our immune system.
Helminths have been a part of the ecosystem of the body for so many millions of years that they have become an integral part of that system. Mutualistic helminths help regulate immune function, inducing our body to build regulatory networks of immune cells that lessening general rednes without hurting our immune systems ability to respond to danger. In addition, these helminths make their own array of anti-inflammatory molecules and dedicate our immune systems much needed exercise, all of which decreases inflammation.
My laboratory began work a few years ago looking at the sociology of helminthic therapy, the use of helminths to treat disease. Working with Janet Wilson, a sociologist at the University of Central Arkansas, we found that thousands of people are using helminths to self-treat a vast array of inflammation-related conditions, from inflammatory bowel cancer to hay fever to multiple sclerosis to migraine headaches.
At the moment, there is no helminth approved for medical employ by the FDA, and we observed that people generally procure their organisms from one of a few companies that sell expensive and often unregulated products, which can be risky.
Part of our study included a survey of helminth users, and most people filling out the survey reported that helminths treated their inflammatory conditions more effectively and with fewer side effect than did pharmaceuticals.
We also found that some self-treaters are the using a helminth “ve called the” rat tapeworm ( Hymenolepis diminuta ), which voices genuinely disgusting. However, people are utilizing this helminth because it is inexpensive and easy to make, and may provide a very effective treatment for a range of inflammation-related diseases, including migraine headaches and depression. People eat them and report that about 30 worms per month does the job, although the number varies depending on the individual.
After being swallowed and passed into the small intestine, the tiny worms almost certainly hatch out of their jelly-like capsule that has protected them since they first hatched from an egg. At that phase, they begin to interact with the immune system, reducing inflammation like any other helminth.
But then, with rare exceptions, they fade mysteriously, never maturing into adults and making eggs. Because rat tapeworms dont colonize our bowels the route that some other types of helminths do, an individual needs frequent exposure to have them in their bodies consistently.
The rat tapeworm has been used in the laboratory for decades and blocks experimentally induced colitis in mouse more effectively than daily immunosuppression with steroids. In fact, this is the same helminth we use in my laboratory to protect the developing brains of rat puppies from rednes. But no researchers have ever studied using rat tapeworms on humans to treat disease.
Why Arent Helminths Catching On ?
While work in labs, and our own research on people self-treating with helminths is promising, the safety and effectiveness of helminths needs to evaluated in more clinical trials. But perhaps the single greatest barrier to the widespread employ of helminths as treatment in humans is the availability of an affordable and effective FD-Aapproved helminth to the medical community.
We have FD-Aapproved live maggots and leeches, both of which are extremely effective, but we have no effective and safe helminth approved for use.
Perhaps the horrible reputation of helminths has deterred us from taking helminths seriously as a treatment? But we cant let the ick factor intestinal worms may initially inspire hold us back from farther research. Intense and systematic endeavour needs to be focused on the production of quality helminths. We need to proceed with the domestication of helminths for the benefit of humankind.
An email from the Republican team asserts he helped bring close to the issue first raised by Hillary Clinton but still no words from Trump himself
Donald Trumps campaign has acknowledged that Barack Obama was bear in the United States, though the Republican nominee himself refused to say where he believed the US chairpeople birthplace was.
In an emailed statementfrom senior communications adviser Jason Miller late on Thursday evening, the campaign stated: Mr Trump believes that President Obama was born in the United States.
It followed an interview with the Washington Post published on Thursday in which the Republican nominee, who has fanned false rumours the USs first black chairwoman was not born in the country, said he would not answer when asked if he believed Obama was born in Hawaii.
Ill answer that topic at the right time. I simply dont want to answer it yet, he said. Trump also brushed off a recent statement from his campaign director Kellyanne Conway that Trump now believed Obama was born in the US by saying: Its OK. Shes allowed to speak what she thinks.
The Trump campaign statement also inaccurately blamed Hillary Clinton for the start of the false rumors about Obama during the 2008 Democratic primary race and took credit for the release of the presidents birth certificate.
In 2011, Mr Trump was eventually able to bring this ugly incident to its conclusion by successfully obligating President Obama to release his birth credential, said Miller. Mr Trump did a great service to the president and the country by bringing close to the issue that Hillary Clinton and her squad first raised. Inarguably, Donald J Trump is a closer.
Trump tweetedin 2012 that the birth credential may been a fraud and continued to raise questions about its veracity long afterwards. The false allegations that Obama was born in Kenya is commonly considered to be a racist dogwhistle.
Obama was born in Honolulu on 4 August 1961.
In a 2014 interview, Trumps oldest son Donald Jr, praised the New York real estate developers birtherism as a sign of his fathers integrity. Dont we want legislators to have strong sentiments about things that arent swayed by public opinion, asked the younger Trump.
Earlier in the day, Clinton was quick to cite Trumps initial refusal to back away from birtherism as evidence that the Republican nominee was fanning the flames of racial division.
Addressing the Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute at its annual gala in Washington on Thursday evening, Clinton condemned Trump for continuing to push conspiracy hypothesis surrounding Obamas birthplace.
He still wouldnt say Hawaii. He still wouldnt say America, the Democratic presidential nominee said.
This man wants to be our next chairman? When will he stop this ugliness, this bigotry?
In her statements before the collect of prominent Hispanic leaders, Clinton reiterated her is supportive of comprehensive immigration reform while condemning Trumps rhetoric against migrants and Muslims alike.
Theres no insinuation or dog whistles any more, Clinton said of the Republican nominee. Its all right out there in the open now.
Earlier in the working day Trump reiterated his economic vision, pledging to voters that he would lower your taxes beyond any number you thought possible at a rally in New Hampshire.
The promise came only hours after Trump unveiled the latest iteration of his fiscal policy at the New York Economic Club in a speech where he said he outlined the ambitious goal of creating 25 million jobs over the next 10 years. The Republican nominee promised to drastically slash taxes with savings coming from reducing federal bureaucrats whom his campaign has derided with phrases like the FDA Food Police. Trump pledged that the result would increase economic growth from 2% to 3.5% and turn America into a magnet for new jobs.
Clintons remarks came after her four-day absence due to pneumonia. Before the Washington event, she first returned to the campaign trail with a rally in Greensboro, North Carolina. Taking stage to James Browns I Feel Good, the former secretary of state said she took sick days to reflect.
Clinton told the crowd: Being on the trail does not encourage reflection. Its important to sit with your thoughts every now and again and this helped me to reflect on what this campaign is all about.
Clinton, who has been reluctant to take questions from reporters on the campaign trail, afterwards held a brief press conference after her speech where she dodged repeated questions about when she told running mate Tim Kaine about her diagnosis.
The subject of health was relevant for both candidates as an interview of Trump with television personality Dr Mehmet Oz aired on Thursday . There, Trump brandished a doctors letter and was of the view that, although he could lose a few pounds, he was in peak health. In December, Trumps doctor, Harold Bornstein previously published a letter that said Trump would be the healthiest individual ever elected to the presidency. The Republican nominee is a septuagenarian fond of fast food who doesnt exercising.
The Republican nominee also continued his hostility towards reporters. Trump boasted at his New Hampshire speech that his travelling press pond wasnt able to attend, which he called really good news and proclaimed to a cheering crowd: I love it.
Earlier in the working day, he called for the New York Times to fire their respected national political correspondent Jonathan Martin while also railing against CNNs Anderson Cooper, a debate moderator, because Cooper was very biased and worked for the Clinton News Network.
Donald Jr joined in on the purposes of the act where reference is told a Philadelphia radio station that the media has been[ Hillary Clintons] number 1 surrogate in this. The Trump son added without the media, this wouldnt even be a tournament, but the media has built her up. Theyve let her slide on every indiscrepancy[ sic ], on every lie, on every DNC game trying to get Bernie Sanders out of this thing. If Republicans were doing that, theyd be warming up the gas chamber right now.
The Clinton campaign quickly bashed Donald Jrs remarks as insensitive, divisive, and reckless. In a statement, the campaign added the bottom line is this offensive references to the Holocaust are never acceptable, especially from a presidential campaign.