Rosemary: the mind-bending herb of selection for today’s students

Sales of the plants oil which reportedly improves memory have shot up in the past year. So, which other natural redress may aid learning?

Students are known for dabbling with mind-altering herbs, and the latest narrative of herbal experimentation shows there has been a rush on rosemary. Following a report that the woody herb may improve memory, students have been attempting it out to give them the edge in exams.

Health store Holland& Barrett has reported a 187% increased number of sale of rosemary petroleum in the past year. A spokesperson said that most in-store the issue of rosemary came from parents hoping to boost their childrens success for quiz season. The store also said that relaxation aids and natural energy drinkings … have been popular this exam time as alternatives to caffeine.

Molecules in rosemary oil have been shown previously[ to] have the ability to interact with the brains neurotransmitters, according to Mark Moss, head of the psychology department at Northumbria University. Compounds are absorbed into the blood by inhaling the odor. They interact with what is called the cholinergic system, who participates in memory, he added.

Herbal remedies, says Moss, are not a magic bullet. Its not just one molecule; there are a number of them and you need the right molecules in the right proportions in order to get the beneficial consequence. You might actually get some rosemary oil that isnt having any beneficial effect.

It is also worth remembering, perhaps aided by a beaker of rosemary tea, that proof for the added benefit of herbal remedies mostly comes from small-scale analyzes. In any case, here are some other remedies that might be useful to students.


Last year, Moss presented findings that showed that volunteers who drank peppermint tea before exams had better memory and alertness than those who were given camomile tea. In the US, surveys led by Bryan Raudenbush, an associate professor of psychology at Wheeling Jesuit University in West Virginia, find peppermint scent reduced anxiety and fatigue.


Raudenbush also studied the effects of cinnamon, testing it in a simulated driving experimentation. He determined it increased alertness and reduced frustration.


Moss has also studied sage. He discovered performance improvements in aspects of memory and also attention the velocity at which you can attend to something. They are small effects, but they seem to be beneficial.

Ginkgo biloba

This supplement, removed from the foliages of the ginkgo tree, is believed traditionally to give cognitive benefits, but one big examine into whether it could help prevent or delay the onset of Alzheimers disease or dementia failed to show positive results, while one review detected no compelling evidence that ginkgo biloba was helpful in healthy young person. Sometimes we have found beneficial effects and sometimes we have not, says Moss. These extracts differ significantly depending on where they have been sourced. Perhaps no quantity of supplements and herbal teas can make up for rest and revision.

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The Salad Gigi Hadid ‘Could Eat Every Day’ Is Easy To Recreate For Yourself

Remember when Khlo Kardashian disclosed what all of her sisters usually feed in a day?

Well, it turns out Khloe isnt the only celebrityspilling the beans on what foods the stars eat to stay thin these days.

In a recent interview with Harpers Bazaar, Gigi Hadid also dished out the deets on her daily diet.

When it comes to maintaining a smoking-hot model bod, Hadid is all about balance.

In fact, this supermodel lives by the simple mantra, Eat clean to stay fit, have a burger to remain sane.

Hadid typically starts her days off with scrambled eggs, bacon and toast, alongside coffee and a glass of OJ.

Plus, Zayn totally has his supermodel girlfriend hooked on British breakfast beans.

Since Hadid is a firm believer that burgers are a necessary part of a healthy diet, shell treat herself to a cheeseburger from NYCs JG Melon every now and then.

However, this supermodels go-to lunch commonly consists of salads. Apparently, her favorite leafy lunch is the arugula salad from a eatery in New York City called The Smile.

If youre wondering whats in this almighty snack, its basically just a big bowl of arugula topped with roasted grapes, steak, a sprinkle of parmesan cheese and a drizzle of dressing.

When shes not eating breakfast beans with her British bae or vegging out at The Smile, Hadid likes to nosh on small, healthy snacks throughout the day.

Hadid lately told Self, In the fridge, I always have Evian, soda, orange juice, and lemonade. Then, I have my favorite snacks like salami, chips, hummus, carrots, and fruit.

Gigis Instagram demonstrates shes also a big fan of snacking on cereal.

As far as dinner is concerned, Hadid loves to feed sushi and stops by BondST, also in NYC, on the reg to score her favorite rolls.

When shes not reaching the town with her famous BFFs, she likes to cook at home and cozy up on the lounge with a movie.

Youll be glad to know this supermodel also incorporates some sweets into her diet. Hadids favorite dessert is ice cream, especially grasshopper tart ice cream.

If only we could all stuff our faces with ice cream and still have a flawless supermodel figure at the end of the day .~ ATAGEND

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Rep defends criticism of congresswomen who wore white: ‘They appeared silly’

Washington( CNN) Republican Rep. Kevin Cramer defended his comment Wednesday that the Democratic women who wore white to President Donald Trump’s joint address were “poorly” dressed, telling CNN that they seemed “silly” and that he didn’t buy their argument that it was done in honor of the suffrage motion.

The at-large congressman from North Dakota also reiterated that he hasn’t ruled out a Senate bid next year for the seat currently held by Democratic Sen. Heidi Heitkamp, and he said Trump has already pledged his support should Cramer decide to run.

The women, who represented the House Democratic Women’s Working Group, said they were wearing white not only in memory of the suffrage motion but also to prove Trump their support for a number of issues affecting women, such as affordable health care, reproductive rights, equal pay and paid leave. The effort was also a nod for the launching of Women’s History Month, “theyre saying”.

30 Hardships I Suffered Before I Turned 30

1. Got depressed because my daddy ran broke, lost our home, and went insane . Hed cry all the time, ask me whats wrong with me? and listen to music until he died. 2. Got depressed because the first ten girls I asked out didnt like me and said no . Two actually ran away before I finished my question. One said yes and then the next day told her friend to tell me no. 3. Got depressed when my mom hit me because I woke up my father after his surgery . He attained me stand in the middle of the room and not move while she came over and made me. 4. Got depressed when the first business I started, CollegeCard( a debit card for college student ), went out of business after less than a year . 5. Got depressed when I was hurled out of grad school . The letter cited absence of maturity. I had dinner the other day with the professor who wrote the letter. He said that it was Nobel-prize winning economist Herb Simon who said, why are we letting that guy sit at a desk doing nothing when we could have a student there who is doing something and I guess he was right.

6. Got depressed when women I was in love with went home for a few weeks to her “countries ” and their own families received a letter I wrote to her. So they arranged a wedding for her within days and when she came back into township she denied we ever were going out. I called a friend of mine on the phone but was screaming so much I couldnt speak and he couldnt figure out who I was so he hung up.

7. Got depressed when four novels I wrote didnt get published by the time I was 26.

8. Got depressed when 50 short narratives I wrote and sent out to magazines didnt get published . All of them got was denied by sort letters. Out of the thousands of letters and copies of writings I sent out in my 20 s I did not get back one personalized rejection. I ran ten hours a day on writing and nothing came of it in my 20 s, with no hope for the future. 9. Got depressed when a Tv reveal I pitched to HBO get rejected after we spent a year shooting a 45 minute pilot . The female in charge of the decision said, For material like this you need to either depict person shooting their mom while naked or show your neighbors f *** ing. She is now in charge of HBO Family programming. 10. Got depressed when a 13 year old little girl crushed me in chess . Her name, in fact, is Irina Krush. I was a strong player and had examined for years. She analyzed the game for me and told me where I went wrong on the ninth move. I gave up playing tournament chess then. 11. Got depressed when Amy opted another guy over me . I truly fell hard for her. She married him and has a kid. I ran into her a few years ago. I still fell hard for her. 12. Got depressed when I liked this girl, Jaimie, and she liked me , but I was always so nervous and intimidated by her that I couldnt perform . One night she literally kicked me until I fell out of the bed and she told me to get out. So that was that. 13. Got depressed when I moved into my first apartment by myself . I had only one foam mattress and it was hot and I had a fever and all my sweat soaked thoroughly into the mattress. When I woke up in feverish pain in the middle of the night on top of my sweat-soaked mattress I was covered by roaches. 14. Got depressed when I entered a tournament for writing a 3 Day Novel . I finished the fiction and I called my girlfriend at the time. I wanted to get together. She said, I thought we were taking a break. And that was that.

15. Got depressed when I quit my job because I thought my business was going to take off and on the first day full day at my business our largest client cancelled us.

16. Got depressed when I jumped off my bed, pretending to be Superman , and I broke my toe and had to wear a casting . Then I had to start a new school as a first grader and I was that kid limping with the cast. 17. Got depressed when I was ten years old and I was caught stealing football cards at the local plaything store . They turned my coat upside down and packs of cards came out. They said, is that it? and I said yes. They shook more. More packs “re coming out”. IS THAT IT? Yes. They shook more. More packsAnd so on. 18. Got depressed when ten minutes later they discovered my grandparents and asked them to come to the back of the store. The looking my grandmother “ve given me” .

19. Got depressed when I was 16 andI had so much acne and so many cysts you could barely see my face.Id hear daughters talking about me and looking at me and then look away when I appeared. One guy, Yung Shin, told me: merely try and smile a lot.

20. Got depressed because cysts are purple . 21. Got depressed when I cut school because I was so embarrassed of how I looked . I went into NYC and got mugged and my knapsack was stolen from me and a bunch of books I wanted to read that day. Afterwards: my mama asking me, where is your knapsack? and I had no answer.

22. Got depressed when I was eight andmy dad convinced me to donate all my games to charity and he would give me his tax write-off. I didnt even know what a taxation write-off was but I thought it was a lot of money. I devoted him about 20 games( Monopoly, Chutes& Ladders, Trouble, etc ). About six months later he gave me a dollar.

23. Got depressed the first semester of grad school when I failed ALL of my courses . Up until then I supposed I was smart. But at that moment I knew for the rest of my life I would have to fake it. 24. Got depressed when we moved to a new township when I was five . My new friends thought it would be fun to hold my hand on top of a burning barbecue for as long as possible. We moved a month or so after that. 25. Got depressed when I was unhappy in a relationship but we were living together and both of us too poor moved away . So I stayed at work and played online chess all of the time. At least 20 hours a day. And she would be upset at me and bang on my office door but I would lock it and pretend I wasnt there. 26. Got depressed when she cheated on me. But I deserved it . 27. Got depressed when my college girlfriend and I took Kung-Fu class Freshman year of college and she beat the shit out of me .

28. Got depressed when I started a brand new task in NYC and my dad bought me a suit and I was walking to run from the bus station when the woman standing two feet to my right was run over and killed by a taxicab that came up onto the sidewalk. I was depressed but it was worse for her.

29. Got depressed on my very first memory . I was in some sort of big crib even though I was too old for cribs. I was hollering. It was early in the morning. Eventually my grandmother lifted me out of the crib so I could play. I dont think I have another memory until at the least a year after that. 30. Was very happy the first time I was kissed. It felt like liquid electricity massaging all of the blood in my body .

And this was as bad as it get. Not so bad.

Sometimes I feel like Im the luckiest person alive.

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Alternative medicine treatment set four-year-old boy in A& E – BBC News

Image copyright Thinkstock

The plight of a four-year-old boy who virtually died after his mothers devoted him 12 alternative medications has prompted physicians to warn against the treatments.

Doctors at Newham Hospital in east London said the mothers were “devastated” that their good purposes had constructed him so unwell.

The boy took a dozen supplements supposedly to help treat his autism.

The National Autistic Society said it was crucial for physicians to talk through the risks of alternative therapies.

The boy developed a potentially life-threatening condition after taking supplements from a naturopath( natural health practitioner) for a number of months, which included vitamin D, camel’s milk, silver and Epsom bath salts.

He was admitted to A& E after losing 6.5 lbs( 3kg) over three weeks, suffering from symptoms including vomiting and extreme thirst.

Image copyright Science Photo Library Image caption ‘Often mothers is considered that supplements are natural, safe…but this is not true in many cases’

Dr Catriona Boyd and Dr Abdul Moodambail, writing in the British Medical Journal Case Reports , said it was not until the son had been at Newham Hospital, which is part of St Bart’s Health Trust, for several days that his mother told them about the holistic supplements.

Dr Moodambail told the BBC: “This happens on many occasions with other patients as well.

“Often the parents is considered that these supplements are natural, safe and do not cause any side effect or adverse effects, but this is not true in many cases like this.”

He added: “The situation was stark because the child developed vitamin D toxicity leading to very high calcium levels, constructing the child quite unwell and this can even be fatal as well.”

The boy made a full recovery in 2 week after being treated with hyperhydration and medications to reduce his calcium level.

What are complementary and alternative therapies?

Complementary and alternative medicines( CAMs) are treatments that fall outside of mainstream healthcare Generally when a non-mainstream practise is used together with conventional medication, it is considered “complementary” When a non-mainstream practise is used instead of conventional medicine, it is considered “alternative” Examples of CAMS include homeopathy, acupuncture, osteopathy, chiropractic and herbal medicines Some complementary and alternative medications or treatments are based on principles and an evidence base that are not recognised by the majority of independent scientists Others have been proven to work for a limited number of health conditions, such as osteopathy, chiropractic and acupuncture for treating lower back pain When a person employs any health treatment – including a CAM – and experiences an improvement, this may be due to the placebo consequence Osteopaths and chiropractors are regulated in the same way as mainstream medical professionals “Were not receiving” statutory professional regulation of any other CAM practitioners

NHS 8bn budget plan ‘not enough’, say hospital boss – BBC News

This stunning Croatian sunset will give you serious Instagram envy

Image copyright PA

Patients in England will see rising waiting times, rationing and cuts in the number of staff unless the NHS get more fund, health bosses say.

A five-year plan to increase the budget by 8bn a year by 2020 was only set out last year, but now hospital boss have warned that is not enough.

Chris Hopson, of NHS Providers, said the settlement needed to be redrawn.

It comes as the half-year accounts for 2016 -1 7 presented hospitals and other NHS trusts were failing to keep in budget.

From April to September trusts overspent by 648 m – this is despite hospitals being given an extra 1.8 bn this year to bail them out following last year’s record deficit of 2.45 bn.

Mr Hopson’s remarks plus the emerging deficit puts the pressure on ministers ahead of the Autumn Statement next Wednesday.

This will be the first time the government under Theresa May’s leadership has outlined its spending priorities.

All the clues to date are that pastors are not prepared to give the NHS more fund, although there have been rumours that council-run care services could see investment to help reduce demands on the health service.

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Is enough being spent on the NHS ? How 10 bn NHS rise can end up being a cut NHS bosses ‘trying to keep cuts secret’