New CDC maps indicate over 1 in 5 U.S. adults is obese in every state

A girl stands on a scale( shown in kilograms, let’s hope !)
Image: UIG via Getty Images

There is no state in the U.S. where less than 20 percent of the adults are obese, the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention reported Thursday.

In four particular countries Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi and West Virginia over 35 percent of surveyed adults were obese, the CDC said in a situate of newly released maps.

The maps indicate the prevalence of obesity among U.S. adults remains relatively high, despite nationwide efforts in recent years to boost families’ access to healthier foods and foster exert, Dr. Liping Pan, an epidemiologist in CDC’s Obesity Prevention and Control program, told Mashable . Prevalence of Self-Reported Obesity Among U.S. Adults( 2015 )

Image: CDC/ Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

“It’s still a public health problem, ” Dr. Pan said by phone.

Obesity can lead to health problems such as heart disease, stroke, Type 2 diabetes and specific types of cancer, according to CDC.

What counts as ‘obese’?

The CDC defines obesity as having a body mass indicator of 30 or higher.

Your BMI is your weight in kilograms divided by the square of your height in meters. A high BMI can indicate a high level of body fat, but it’s not a perfect science.

Critics of the BMI approach, including some doctors and researchers , note that the calculation can’t distinguish between fat and muscle. Your enormous biceps and rock-hard abs, for example, could pad your BMI measurement. And stick-thin adults may still have unhealthy high levels of fat that don’t register on the scale.

The agency based its adult obesity maps on self-reported data collected in hundreds of thousands of telephone interviews with U.S. adults. Survey respondents their height and weight, which the CDC used to calculate their individual BMI.

Dr. Pan said that, because the height and weight data was self-reported and not independently confirmed, the prevalence of adult obesity is likely higher than the CDC estimated.

“Women tend to under-report their weight, and some humen over-report their height, ” she said. Fudging those facts could skew a person’s BMI downward.

Demographic divide

The CDC’s results on adult obesity tended to differ along racial lines.

About 38.1 percent of non-Hispanic black adults are deemed obese, according to CDC data from 2013 -2 015. Virtually 32 percentage of Hispanics and 27.6 percent of non-Hispanic whites are held obese.

Prevalence of Self-Reported Obesity Among Non-Hispanic Black Adults( 2013 -2 015 )

Image: CDC/ BEHAVIORAL RISK FACTOR SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM

Prevalence of Self-Reported Obesity Among Hispanic Adults( 2013 -2 015 )

Image: CDC/ BEHAVIORAL RISK FACTOR SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM

Prevalence of Self-Reported Obesity Among Non-Hispanic White Adults( 2013 -2 015 )

Image: CDC/ Behavioral risk factor surveillance system

Dr. Pan said a wide range of factors could account for the demographic changes, such as socioeconomic status, culture norms and access to grocery stores. “It’s a complex issue, ” she said.

She noted that survey sample sizes for Asians and other ethnic group were too small, so only three groups Hispanics , non-Hispanic blacks and non-Hispanic whites were included in the maps.

Pamela Bryant, a health communications specialist at CDC in Atlanta, said the goal of the maps is to “empower” individuals and policymakers to take steps to prevent obesity, such as by improving access to healthier, fresher foods and recreational alternatives in neighborhoods, schools and offices.

“We want to see our society being a place where people are moving more and eating better, ” she told Mashable . “We want that to become a societal norm.”

Read more:

It’s Not Just White People: Heroin Overdose Deaths Have Tripled Among African-Americans

WASHINGTON — There are very few places in the United States not affected by the opioid epidemic. Across the country, there have been spikes in overdose demises and treatment facilities overwhelmed with demand. Although whites have been most acutely affected, the epidemic is also making the African-American community hard.

Frontline reports that among African-Americans, heroin overdose death rates increased by more than 200 percent between 2010 and 2014. Among Hispanic and Latino residents, fatal overdose demises have increased during that time period by 137 percentage. Native American opioid demises jumped 236 percent, while death rates among whites have increased by 267 percent.

But African-Americans, as a result of structural racism, may not be transitioning to heroin from prescription analgesics, Frontline reported 😛 TAGEND

The heroin epidemic in the African-American community is distinct for another reason, in that they’re less likely to come to the medication through opioids. Multiple analyses have shown that doctors are less likely to prescribe opioid painkillers to blacks than whites, even young children, for the same ailments.

Even when they do get a prescription, blacks in low-income neighborhoods can struggle to find a pharmacy that has the opioids on hand to fill it. “There’s a well-known phenomenon that there’s less opioids available in segregated minority communities, ” said Dr. Compton of the NIH. “You can’t find them in the pharmacies. There’s less medical access.”

The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention reported similar data regarding late 2014 , noting “death rates increased dramatically for both sexes, all age groups, all census regions, and all racial/ ethnic group other than American Indians/ Alaska Natives.”

Read more: www.huffingtonpost.com

New Elizabethkingia cluster found in Illinois

( CNN) A new cluster of Elizabethkingia infection, previously rarely seen in humans, has been found in Illinois, health officials said Wednesday.

Testing by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed the Elizabethkingia anophelis infection in 10 Illinois residents, in agreement with the Illinois Department of Public Health. Six of those individuals have died. Most of the infected patients had underlying health conditions, and it’s unknown if they died from the infection or pre-existing conditions.