Zika virus: Texas and Florida airports at highest risk to receive infected travelers

Boston and New York airports next on list of US airports with greatest number of passengers arriving from areas with confirmed cases of the infectious disease

Airports in Florida and Texas are at the highest risk to receive more passengers with the Zika virus in the coming months, according to researchers with a grant from the US Department of Defense.

EcoHealth Alliance, an international preservation group, analyzed all airports in the US by assessing how often passengers trickle in from areas with confirmed cases of Zika virus. They identified 17 airports in 11 states and ranked them according to risk.

I believe this is something that people should know, told Andrew Huff, the associate vice-president of group, who oversees efforts to forecast the spread of infectious diseases. If you know where an infectious disease is, you can take precautions.

According to their analysis, Logan international airport in Boston, John F Kennedy international airport in New York and two in the Washington DC metropolitan area are next on the list of airports likely to receive those with the fast-spreading virus.


Rank of US airports by hazard of Zika virus. Photograph: Ecohealth Alliance

Zika has been recognized as a global emergency by the World Health Organisation because there is an unconfirmed link between the virus, most often transmitted through mosquito bites, and babies born with brain damage. While its unclear whether microcephaly, a birth defect that stunts a fetuss head from growing, is caused by Zika, the numbers of cases have swollen since it was transmitted in Brazil in 2014.

Now more than 20 country level provinces in the Americas help find Zika transmissions, places where the WHO estimates there will be as many as 4m infections.

Last week the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed that there are more than 30 occurrences spread across 11 states in the US, though it will likely release newer numbers this week.

Regarding the riskiest airports, CDC spokesman Ben Haynes used to say anything that might help curb the spread of a virus is helpful, but he did not have insight about EcoHealth Alliances analysis.

I wouldnt say anything until CDC has had a chance to look at the science behind it and we make an official recommendation, he said. Theres no guidance surrounding domestic travel at this point.

As of Thursday, the CDC was merely warning travelers headed to regions where the virus is more prevalent, especially women who are pregnant or intend to be because of the link to microcephaly, to take precautions.

But Huff said the airport analysis could be used to increase awareness at airports and in cities where his group predicts a lot of potentially Zika-infected travelers.

The software, named Flirt, was funded through a $2.4 m award from the US Defense Threat Reduction Agency, an limb of the Department of Defense, to help protect the country from outbreaks and menaces from infectious diseases. Its part of the Obama administrations National Biosurveillance Science and Technology Roadmap.

Flirt, which is an offshoot of its original name Flight Risk Tracker, was initiated with the grant last year and put to the test as Zika emerged. It incorporates where there are confirmed cases and matches it to a global dataset of daily flight routes that land, even if merely for a layover, in the US.

We made a risk-ranking profile and asked the question of Flirt, Which cities are most at risk in the US? Huff told.

He told as the virus spread here, they crosschecked the cities where it emerged with their listing, and Flirt had anticipated 10 out of 11 of them. Texas has changed from the No 1 place, when they first tested their analyses, though its unclear why.

Cities in colder climates, he told, where mosquitoes are not able to survive over winter, are at lower danger of an endemic. He told cities close to increased risk airports with warmer climates where mosquitoes live year-round, are the most sensitive.

Theres evidence that Zika can be transmitted sexually, passed on through birth and even through blood transfusions. But in so far people have been most often infected when a mosquito is carrying the virus and it bites them. And if a person carrying the virus is in the US and is bit by another mosquito thats able to carry it here, that mosquito will get it and spread it as it feeds on other people.

If youre in the middle of Kansas youre at a route lower hazard, he said.

Huff said he is unsure what the DTRA, which was not available for immediate comment, will do with the software. But he told officials there were very happy with the outcome of FLIRTs abilities.

Regardless, Haynes said Zika will continue to spread in the US, its only unclear how big of a threat it is. Its been a week and a half since physicians have been required to report all Zika lawsuits to the CDC, so the agency is incorporating the data it has received since then.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Marco Rubio: women with Zika should not be allowed abortions

Florida senator and former presidential nominee says he will stray on the side of life even if newborns will have microcephaly

Florida senator Marco Rubio has said women infected with the Zika virus should not be allowed to have abortions, even if their babies have microcephaly, the severe developmental disorder than can result from infection with the disease.

If Im going to err, Im going to err on the side of life, the Republican told Politico. Rubio, who has championed Zika funding bills in the Senate, also blamed Democrat for the failure to pass such federal aid.

According to Center for Disease Control and Prevention( CDC) figures, Florida is the state second-worst affected by Zika, after New York, but is the only country to have infections caused by local mosquitoes. Most Zika examples in the US have been found in people who travelled to affected countries and provinces.

On Sunday, the Florida governor, Rick Scott, told NBC that despite his state having identified 16 occurrences of mosquito-borne Zika infections, what were doing is working.

Scott also called for increased federal assistance, in addition to the several million Barack Obama has released in existing grants. On Friday, the federal Food and Drug Administration cleared a private company to release genetically altered mosquitoes which could help the fight against Zika on an island in the Florida Keys. The project will be subject to a local referendum in November.

Rubio operated unsuccessfully for the Republican presidential nomination and only recently decided to run for re-election rather than give up public life. During the presidential campaign, he said he was opposed to abortion in all instances, including in cases of rape or incest.

I understand a lot of people disagree with my view but I believe that all human life is worthy of protection of our laws, he said on Saturday. And when you present it in the context of Zika or any prenatal condition, its a difficult question and a hard one. But if Im going to err, Im going to err on the side of life.

In the Senate, Rubio has supported the provision of funding for work against Zika. In May, after a $1.1 bn funding measure he sponsored passed the Senate, he quoth an estimate from the CDC director, Tom Frieden, that the lifetime cost of caring for small children born with microcephaly could reach $10 m.

Were going to be dealing with Zika for multiple years, Rubio told. Outside of the human expense is the economic cost of this. Were going to be spending money on Zika for the foreseeable future.

On Saturday, he added: Obviously, microcephaly is a terrible prenatal condition that kids are born with. And when they are, its a lifetime of difficulties. So I get it.

Im not pretending to you that thats an easy topic you asked me. But Im pro-life. And Im strongly pro-life. I believe all human life should be protected by our law, irrespective of the circumstances or condition of that life.

Obama asked Congress for $1.9 bn of funding, which is now being blocked in the Senate in June. House Republican had appended unrelated provisions to the bill involving, for example, abortion limiteds and the Confederate flag and Senate Democrats refused to pass it in its altered sort.

Rubio blamed the failure to pass any anti-Zika fund on Democrats, who have blamed Republican for inserting such poison pill clauses into the relevant bill. One such clause had a measure to defund Planned Parenthood, the womens health provider and a frequent target of anti-abortion campaigners.

The Planned Parenthood angle is something they basically made up to have a political reason not to pass Zika so they can come back in August and campaign on it, Rubio told. Thats what I entail by political volleyball. Both sides have played that game. I would have preferred the House only passed a clean funding bill and Ill vote for that if it comes out.

On NBC, Scott was asked if it was now safe to travel to Wynwood, the Miami neighbourhood in which mosquito-borne Zika has been found.

Absolutely, he told. I was there on Thursday we are doing a good job working to get rid of the mosquitoes. Our department of health at the local level is doing a good job. We have 16 lawsuits weve been able to reduce the region we had a concern about by 10 blocks on Friday, so were working on it.

Everybody pregnant has the option for a test if they want it; were picking everybody up. What were doing is working.

The CDC has cautioned pregnant women and their partners not to travel to Wynwood, and advised those who live there to try to prevent mosquito bites, wear a condom, and be tested for infection. Couples trying to get pregnant should also avoid the area, the health officials said.

Scott was also asked about criticism he has received over a 40% cut to the states mosquito control budget in 2011.

What weve done is allocate the dollars better, he said. We reduced some fund originally but we dramatically increased the funding over the last five, six years Ive been in office. We have a very good mosquito board. Ive apportioned $26.2 m of state funding.

As of Friday, Florida officials had released merely $1.9 m of those funds, according to documents acquired by the Miami Herald.

The feds need to become a partner, Scott continued, saying he had asked Frieden for 10,000 more Zika preparedness kits. We still need the federal government to show up. The chairman and Congress still need to work together. This is a national, federal issue , not just a Florida issue.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Zika: South Beach corroborated as second site of US-based transmission

CDC adds popular Florida tourist destination to travel warning after five instances confirmed, but governor Rick Scott says country wont advise people to stay away

The CDC has added South Beach to its traveling warning, after it was identified as the second site of Zika transmission by mosquitos on the US mainland.

But Floridas governor, Rick Scott, said the nation did not plan to advise people to stay away from the beaches, nightclubs and pedestrian thoroughfares that form the heart of southern Floridas travel industry.

Five cases of Zika have been connected to Miami Beach, bringing the states caseload to 36 infections not related to travel outside the US, Scott said.

We believe these cases emerged from mosquitoes, told Mara Gambineri, a spokeswoman for the Florida health department, in an email to the Associated Press.

Two patients are Miami-Dade County residents and three are tourists, including one man and two women, Scott told. The tourists are residents of New York, Texas and Taiwan.

We believe we have a new region where local transmittings are being carried out in Miami Beach, Scott said. He described the region on the narrow island city as just under 1.5 miles between 8th and 28 th streets.

Another infection zone was previously identified across a approximately 1-sq-mile region encompassing Miamis Wynwood arts district. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention( CDC) has advised pregnant women to avoid the entire neighborhood.

Additional infections outside Wynwood and Miami Beach also are being investigated. Health officials have said one case of Zika does not determine whether an region is proclaimed a site of active transmission.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Gun-Toting Zoo Owned in Showdown With PETA and the Feds Over Baby Tigers

One day in October, Randy Stearns walked out to a Florida campfire, garmented in a fringed leather top like a modern-day Davy Crockett.” Hello, friends, Randy the Tiger Man ,” the animal trainer greeted the camera, which is now being defined between a teepee and totem pole out in the woods near his family’s Dade City zoo.

” You can’t believe a damn thing you assure on the news ,” the 34 -year-old declared in the filmed fireside chat positioned on Facebook.” Just look at me. I’m the newest Charlie Sheen. Every time you go on, there’s something on about us, the park …”

Then Stearns took aim at People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals( PETA )– a constant topic in The Tiger Man’s online videos.” Kind of like Rambo, they described first blood ,” Stearns said.” We had to go out there, defend ourselves .”

Just two months before, the wannabe Jack Hanna stood guard at the zoo’s gates with a holstered weapon, joining supporters flaunting neon” PETA Kills” T-shirts. They were protesting, and allegedly delaying, a court-ordered inspection of the private, unaccredited zoo’s collect of adult and baby tigers.

Stearns and his parents run Dade City’s Wild Things( DCWT ), a 22 -acre zoo about 44 miles northeast of Tampa. The attraction has more than 300 animals: jaguars, lions, bears, lemurs, macaques, porcupines, bearded dragons, and other reptiles.

But it’s known for newborn tigers, deployed for photo-ops and swim sessions in the zoo’s chlorinated pond. In years past, the cub is available on Good Morning America and Fox& Friends for the apparently adorable gimmick.

Yet behind the footage, there’s allegedly a darker side to the tiger business, according to animal-welfare advocates–one that prematurely rends cubs away from their mothers and forces-out them into stressful encounters with humans for profit.

According to PETA, Dade City’s Wild Things is contributing to a captive tiger overpopulation crisis by continually breeding them for photo-ops and ticket marketings. Once cubs grow too large for customer interactions, they’re left to languish for the rest of their days in enclosures, or sold off to other roadside attractions and collectors of exotic animals, PETA says.

The big cats are at the center of separate suits brought by PETA and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, which respectively allege the zoo contravened the Endangered Species Act and the Animal Welfare Act over its handled in the tigers.

The zoo also faces a state suit for allegedly accepting donations while not registered as a nonprofit. Florida’s Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services claims the zoo used hundreds of thousands in charity funds to foot the bills for Randy Stearns’ nuptials and the bankruptcy payments of his mother, Kathy.

Meanwhile, Randy Stearns is battling criminal charges in Missouri, where he’s accused of uncovering himself to five girls at a hotel in June 2016. Stearns, who was in town for a conference, allegedly exposed his genitals to one victim as she left an elevator and headed to her room, an indictment states.

Stearns followed the girl and flashed her through the zipper of his pants, the indictment states. A spokesperson for the St. Charles County Prosecuting Attorney’s Office said Stearns pleaded not guilty to the charges, which include six counts of sex misconduct involving small children less than 15 years of age.

His next court appearance is Jan. 2, records indicate. Stearns’ defense attorney declined to comment on the charges.

When reached by The Daily Beast, DCWT declined to comment on any of the three suits targeting the zoo, or on Randy Stearns’ pending criminal charges.” Our lawyer has advised us to not talk about it ,” one staffer said over the phone. Emails left for Kathy Stearns and Randy Stearns were not returned. The family’s attorney, William Cook, declined to comment.

Still, DCWT hasn’t been shy in social-media posts. In one August Facebook video( titled” Daily Update: Truth “), Kenneth Stearns boasts about constructing” PETA kills” signs, which he vowed to post at other zoos and along the highways.

” Them five terrorists that come in here, yeah, their scenes is gonna be on there, too … we’ll build’ em famous ,” said Stearns, apparently referring to a showdown between the zoo and PETA inspectors the week before.

” That’s what they do to us, ain’t it? You know, they don’t know this is a two-way street, y’all. Everything they do to us, we gonna do to them, except we gonna do legal stuff ,” continues the 58 -year-old Stearns.

” God’s going to take care of us. He always does, always has and always will this time ,” he said.” Don’t mean it’s easy .”

PETA requested, and a magistrate awarded, a site inspection to observe the tigers and the zoo’s treatment of them, saying the visit by a team of experts was ” necessary and permissible” because the animals'” behavior and physical condition are central to the claims at issue in this lawsuit .”

But the animal park shipped off about two dozen tigers in the weeks before an inspection could be conducted.

When that court-ordered site visit came due in early August, the Stearns family and 20 supporters maintained federal marshals at the zoo gates for 30 minutes, the Tampa Bay Times reported.

Kenneth and Randy Stearns were armed,” touching their holsters and posturing, following us every step of the way ,” Jenni James, advise for the PETA Foundation, told the Times .

James told The Daily Beast that protesters blocked the driveway and heckled and lunged epithets at PETA’s inspectors. Kenneth Stearns fumbled with his holster and leaned against one of the smallest tiger enclosures to block photograph, James said.

” They know they ain’t got nothing. With no tigers, how they gonna demonstrate tiger abuse? You know? There ain’t no abuse .”
— Kenneth Stearns, in a Facebook video

One supporter even mocked the empty enclosures, screaming,” Get some shootings of the tigers, guys. Oh, await. There’s none here .”

The zoo posted video from the inspection on YouTube, under the heading,” Terrorist Group PETA infringing a court order during an inspection# 1.”( In response to the title, James said,” I don’t know what laws they think we broke frankly .”)

Days after the inspection, Kenneth Stearns told fans in a Facebook video,” They know they ain’t got nothing. With no tigers, how they gonna demonstrate tiger abuse? You know? There ain’t no abuse .”

Cops accompanied PETA because Kathy Stearns stopped them from conducting a prior inspection on July 20. When the inspection squad arrived, they discovered a crude homemade wooden sign at the front gate that said,” Closed due to PETA terrorist demise threat .”

Indeed, seemingly to avoid the survey, Kathy Stearns and her hubby, Kenneth, shipped 19 tigers to Oklahoma in a livestock trailer without air conditioning, according to the PETA lawsuit. In affidavits, witnesses claimed the tigers, some of which were pregnant, didn’t have food or water. Three baby tigers were born and died during the 18 -hour, 1,200 -mile journey, PETA says.

The Stearns clan transported their big cats–quickly and without regard to the animals’ safety–in a bid to defy PETA and the federal magistrate who had scheduled an inspection of the tigers at the facility, PETA alleges.

When one white tiger arrived at The Greater Wynnewood Exotic Animal Park in Oklahoma, it was so thirsty it began drinking out of a dirty puddle, a Facebook video proved. Joe Maldonado, president of the Wynnewood park and a Libertarian candidate for governor, posted Facebook Live videos of the tigers, the burying of the cubs, and staffers administering anesthesia by sticking poles through pits in the trailer.

In the footage, a Wynnewood staffer zoomed in on the dead tigers and said,” Kathy, all I can say is, I’m sorry dear, couldn’t get to’ em on time .” At another point in the video, the man says,” Somebody had some problems, had to get rid of all their tigers .”

Four other cats were sent to Endangered Animal Rescue Sanctuary( EARS) in Citra, Florida, about 84 miles north of Dade City.

The sanctuary’s owner, Gail Bowen, said DCWT delivered two white tigers named Remington and Luna on July 13. Kenneth Stearns transported the animals in a fifth-wheel trailer, Bowen said in an affidavit in PETA’s case.

Stearns told Bowen he’d eventually collect the tigers and mentioned signing a contract, but no such document was provided, the affidavit says.

Two days later, Stearns appeared at EARS with a pair of orange tigers, Rory and Rajah, in the same vehicle. Behind them was another trailer with the 19 tigers, who” are always without water and appeared very hot ,” Bowen said.

” I was profusely sweating simply standing in[ the] tint … because it was hot as blazes ,” Bowen said, adding that she hosed down the tigers and gave them water to drink. According to Bowen, Stearns’ crew was in a hurry and left after 20 minutes.

Bowen caught up with Kathy and Kenneth Stearns on Aug. 2. During the meeting, Kathy Stearns told Bowen that PETA had sued her, and that she moved the tigers because she wished to get them out before an inspection occurred, in agreement with the affidavit.

Kathy Stearns then allegedly informed Bowen that she wanted the white tigers back so she could breed them.” She said that she was looking to get them back in about one year ,” Bowen said in the affidavit .” I do not believe DCWT should breed tigers to simply exploit tiger cubs in public encounters, and I did not tell either Kathy or Kenny Stearns that I would agree to return the two white tigers to DCWT ,” Bowen concluded.

Meanwhile, Deborah Warrick, the founder of the nonprofit St. Augustine Wild Reserve, said an associate of Kathy Stearns contacted her to see if she’d accepted two 7-year-old friend tigers from the Dade City zoo. In an affidavit in PETA’s case, Warrick said she spoke to Stearns on July 14 and asked how many cats needed a home. Stearns, according to Warrick, was evasive but said ” a lot .” Warwick constructed a new enclosing for the brothers and awaited their arrival, merely to discover they’d instead gone to EARS. She called Bowen, the owner of EARS and a personal friend.

Bowen wept and told Warrick that she was ” very disturbed” by DCWT’s decision to transport 19 tigers to Oklahoma in a cattle trailer, Warrick said.

According to the affidavit, Bowen said Kenneth Stearns was among the crew transporting the tigers, which were foaming at the mouth and urinating on each other in the trailer.

A 24 th tiger, a baby named Shiva who grew too big for public swimmings, was sent to another Florida zoo called Hernando Primate, James said. William Cook, an lawyer for Kathy Stearns, told PETA counsel in a July 19 email that Shiva” has grown too large for swims and she has been placed since DCWT is does so with her .”

PETA has argued DCWT should be held in contempt for contravening the court order for an inspection.

” The tigers are the evidence in our lawsuit, and the evidence is gone ,” James said.

Fighting Tooth and Claw

In the 2012 Good Morning America segment, reporter Matt Gutman hopped into the water to take a dip with Tony the Tiger.

The 6-week-old cat hissed and paddled away from Gutman, then climbed on top of him, apparently in an attempt to escape. ABC anchor Amy Robach joked in a voiceover that Tony” doesn’t look like he wants to be in the pool ,” and Lara Spencer chimed in,” That wasn’t a happy growling .”

Randy Stearns joined Gutman in the pool with an older, calmer 30 -pound cat named Tarzan. In the backdrop, Tony was pushed back into the water after climbing to land.

Tony the Tiger was featured in another 2012 video by Barcroft TV, swimming alongside a 5-year-old girl wearing water wings.” He has a pretty good temperament, he loves attention, he’s been raised around people ,” Randy Stearns said in the video.

” I would love having my own baby tiger to swim with ,” the girl said, in a clip that’s spilling over with cuteness.

The family-friendly publicity is a far cry from the zoo’s current affairs, with the three ongoing lawsuits and the criminal case against Randy Stearns.

Last month, the 19 Dade City tigers secretly shipped to Oklahoma were placed at a 720 -acre wildlife sanctuary outside Boulder, Colorado.

A federal judge approved an agreement between PETA and the Wynnewood zoo to send the cats to The Wild Animal Sanctuary, where about 84 tigers wander free after being rescued from roadside zoos or surrendered by their owners.

America’s captive tigers outnumber their wild, endangered equivalents. Experts calculate as many as 10,000 captive tigers are in the United States alone.

According to PETA’s lawsuit, the wild tiger population is at an all-time low, with merely 3,200 of the apex predators in the world today.

But big cat sanctuaries” are bursting at the seams with tigers rescued from unaccredited zoos and private owners ,” the complaint states.

” DCWT plays a large role in the captive-tiger overpopulation crisis as one of a relatively few exhibitors who are breeding cub for public encounters and fueling the overpopulation problem ,” PETA said in tribunal newspapers.

The zoo sells” many of the tiger cubs it regularly breeds to other exhibitors for use in public encounters and to so-called’ backyard breeders ,'” the complaint alleges, adding that Kathy Stearns has a waitlist for tiger cubs, and that the cats can go for $4,000 each.

PETA filed its federal lawsuit in October 2016, alleging that the cub swimming program at Dade City’s Wild Things transgresses the Endangered Species Act.

The suit came after a PETA probe in 2015 and 2016, when an eyewitness worked and volunteered at the zoo to document what the group claims is abusive handling of distressed and sickly animals.

Photograph and video footage exposed the zoo’s true stripes as a tiger cub breed mill, PETA claims. One clip proves Ariel, a cub who couldn’t hold her head straight-out and appeared to suffer from a spinal deformity or neurological disease. According to PETA, the tiger was forced to swim repeatedly and for a 10 -minute stretch where she struggled to keep her head above the water. Other footage showed two cubs being taken from their mom hours after they were born. A dead newborn was left on the ground before eventually being pouched and tossed in the junk, PETA claims.

In response to the 2016 lawsuit, DCWT filed a counterclaim one month afterward, alleging fraud and tortious interference with business and contractual relationships over the “undercover” job.

PETA’s lawsuit alleges that DCWT’s practises transgress federal law by distressing the tigers, causing them pain and discomfort, and risking illness and injury.

DCWT trainers often begin introducing the cubs for public play sessions when they are less than 4 weeks old, and the zoo utilized at the least one cub when she was only 2 weeks old, the complaint states.

The zoo charges $39.99 for a 10 -minute group encounter with newborn tigers. During these conferences, as many as two dozen visitors are permitted to pet, play with, hold, or kiss the cubs.

Guests who opt one-on-one conferences pay $299 per couple. The tiger swimmings are $300 per person or $1,000 for a family of four. According to the zoo’s website, the 30 -minute encounters are in and out of the pool.

These encounters stop when the cub are about 6 months old.” To ensure a constant supply of cubs for use in its lucrative public encounters,[ the zoo] breeds and purchases tiger cubs ,” the lawsuit countries.

PETA has also accused DCWT of obtaining a one-week-old white tiger from an Oklahoma facility and leaving the mother behind. And the zoo separated at least three cubs from their mothers within days of birth in order to ship them to for-profit ventures, including an Ohio amusement park, court newspapers allege.

Prematurely separating the cubs from their mothers causes psychological and physical traumata, and stops them from engaging in species-typical behaviors, the lawsuit says.( In the wild, tiger cub are not weaned until approximately six months old and remain with their moms for nearly two years, PETA says .)

Cubs open their eyes for the first time six to 12 days after birth, and they have difficulty thermoregulating until they are several weeks old, the suit states. Mother’s milk is crucial, because it has antibodies cubs’ immune systems absence; cubs don’t make their own antibodies until they’re 8 weeks old.

The Association of Zoos and Aquariums advises against hand-rearing tiger cubs, stating that it should only be done in emergencies, such as” when parent-rearing is not possible due to maternal neglect or health reasons .”

PETA’s lawsuit says surveys suggest that forcing animals to interact with audiences–as the Dade City zoo’s cubs do almost daily–causes them greater distress than if they were simply on display.

In July 2015, the USDA filed a lawsuit against the zoo over the same swim program, saying it contravened the Animal Welfare Act.

In February of this year, a judge ruled that the swimmings infringed regulations stating that young animals” shall not be exposed to rough or excessive public handling or exhibited for periods of day which would be detrimental to their health or well-being .”

The judge ordered the zoo to discontinue and desist the program, and leveled a $21,000 civil penalty and 60 -day suspension of its exhibitor’s license. DCWT appealed this ruling, saying the swims are” beneficial to both tigers and people .”( A decision is pending .)

Kathy Stearns developed the swim program with veterinarians” over several years as part of its tiger develop program as a means to acclimate captive bred tigers to the presence of humans and to build a greater bond with the public in the animal world ,” zoo lawyer William Cook wrote in tribunal papers.

Stearns claims to limit the swims to three per day and says the cub don’t swim for more than a few minutes total. She said trainers check the tigers each morning, and that they’re checked again before swimmings, the appeal countries.

” You can’t make it swimming. I mean, it’s going to do what it’s going to do. It’s never going to follow your pattern ,” Stearns testified at a hearing held in June 2016.

But the PETA lawsuit claims that, despite previous USDA citations, the zoo continued to prevent distressed cubs from leaving the swimming pool by dragging them on leashes, grabbing their tails, pulling them by the feet, and holding the scalp of their necks.

” DCWT often schedules back-to-back encounters, forcing the tiger cubs to interact with numerous people over the course of a day ,” the complaint alleges.

In a single day, zoo faculty allegedly use the same tiger cub in at least two private encounters, two or more group encounters, and swim sessions with 17 guests, the lawsuit says.

During these encounters, the tigers often cry, growling, attempt to break free, and use body postures experts recognise as stress, court newspapers nation.

PETA says witnesses find staff restraining one desperate cub by pulling its leash and holding onto the base of its tail. The employee repeatedly pushed the cub down as it tried to climb on her to escape the pool, the complaint alleges.

In another conference, an employee allegedly voiced concern that the same cub was getting too tired to play, but the tiger was kept in the pool and was panting audibly.

On a third occasion, Kathy Stearns flung a flotation device into the water for a cub play games with, but the tiger swam away. When the animal escaped the pond, Kathy told a worker to” just dump[ the cub’s] ass in the water ,” the lawsuit says.

PETA asserts employees press the cub to the ground by their sides or collars so guests can pet them during private and group encounters. Staff was also allegedly instructed to pinch their ears and noses to keep them in line.

” They begin a lifetime of brutality for these animals ,” PETA attorney Jenni James told The Daily Beast.” They’re taken days or hours after their birth, manhandled by humen, then put in a pond from which they cannot escape.

” When they get too large, they’re discarded to enclosures. If they’re female, they’re forced into breeding for more tiger cubs ,” she said.

PETA has asked a federal magistrate to hold DCWT in disdain for shipping its tigers to Oklahoma, and has asked for a default judgment in its favor.

” The Stearns family acts like they’re above the law, but it’s catching up to them ,” James said.

Money Trail

In October, the country of Florida also sued the Stearns, claiming they collected donations for their menagerie but instead use them for personal expenditures including Randy Stearns’ wedding and Kathy Stearns’ insolvency.

The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services says that Kathy and Kenneth Stearns registered Stearns Zoological Rescue and Rehab Center as a nonprofit in 2007. The firm’s enrollment expired in July 2016.

When Stearns Zoological attempted to register in February 2017, the agency asked for additional documents. The nonprofit withdrew its application one month later.

According to the lawsuit, Stearns Zoological was fined $500 for soliciting gifts in September 2016 without being registered with government departments. The company was also ordered to cease and desist from trying contributions.

Despite the order, Stearns Zoological continued to seek cash through Dade City’s Wild Things, which was never registered as a charitable organization.( Stearns Zoological was tax exempt until May 2013, when the IRS rescinded its status for failure to file a kind 990 for three consecutive years, the lawsuit says .)

DCWT continued to solicit donations on its website, which falsely stated gifts were tax-deductible, until at least March 2017.

” We receive no state or federal funding. We survive strictly on the generosity of animal fans like yourself who understand the importance of providing for these animals ,” the website said regarding its Endangered Species Conservation Fund.

Still, an analysis showed that $211,659 from the nonprofit’s coffers was transferred to an account for the family’s peat business, from March 2016 to February 2017.

Kathy Stearns filed for personal bankruptcy in 2013 and was required to make monthly payments to a trustee. In February 2016, her insolvency lawsuit was dismissed for delinquency in payments. One month afterward, she filed a motion to reconsider the dismissal.

Days afterward, $17,500 was transferred to the turf business from DCWT, court newspapers allege. On the same day, a “cashiers check” was drawn from the peat company and made to the bankruptcy trustee. Soon after, a second cashier’s check for $6,693 was made to the regent from the same account.

” Non-profit funds were intentionally transferred to the[ turf account] so that they could be used to pay the delinquent personal insolvency payments of Kathryn Stearns ,” the state of Florida said in tribunal papers.

In the meantime, Randy Stearns got hitched at Dade City’s Wild Things in March 2016. Nearly $ 10,000 of the nonprofit’s fund went to the wedding, the lawsuit claims. The peat account listed a number of marriage expenditures, including $3,229 total for catering, $1,544 for floral arrangements, and $1,492 for photography.

” Despite Kathryn Stearns’ claims to the contrary, Defendants have held Stearns Zoological and DCWT out to the public as a not-for-profit entity and as a charity ,” the complaint countries.

In a Sept. 12, 2017, video positioned on DCWT’s Facebook page, Kathy Stearns continued soliciting gifts. She discussed the zoo’s fiscal both problems and pleaded,” I actually need you guys to step it up a little bit. A dollar even helps please .”

It’s not the first time Kathy Stearns has faced trouble from Florida agencies.

In August 2011, she pled no competition to obtaining property or services using worthless checks. State law proscribes charities from permitting any of its officers or employees who plead guilty or no tournament in the last 10 years to any crime involving fraud, steal, misappropriation, and the like to solicit contributions.

When Stearns Zoological filed an application for nonprofit enrollment with the nation in December 2011, Kathy Stearns falsely stated no such plea existed, the lawsuit says.

The department became aware of the plea in May 2012. 3 months later, relevant agencies canceled Stearns Zoological’s registration and ordered the firm to discontinue and desist from collecting donations in the state of Florida.

In October 2012, the zoo filed a new application stating Kathy Stearns would not handle contributions. The petition was eventually awarded, after the nonprofit said Stearns would not have access to the funds.

Despite this, Kathy Stearns has continuously been involved in the solicitation of contributions and has had access to said monies, the complaint countries.

Indeed, she’s listed as an approved signer on the nonprofit’s accounts, and she’s the primary person for withdrawing monies, signing checks, or otherwise handling the donations, according to the lawsuit.

The department has asked a magistrate to order the Stearns to pay penalties, and to permanently ban them from soliciting donations in Florida.

In court newspapers, the Stearns family denied their business account received their nonprofit’s funds.” Soliciting contributions and depositing contributions into an account is not wrongful conduct ,” their lawyer wrote in court newspapers. The lawyer declined to comment.

But the prove has gone on at Dade City’s Wild Things. Kathy Stearns introduced her newest baby tiger, Noah, on Facebook last month, writing that he was available for encounters starting Nov. 28.

Noah was featured at” Pasta with a Purpose ,” an event are planned for Oct. 7 and that originally was billed as a benefit for DCWT with a silent auction and raffle. DCWT deferred the dinner, which is now being listed in the state’s lawsuit.

A Dec. 16 dinner for DCWT was $25 per ticket but didn’t mention a charitable affair.” Thank you for your patience on our reschedule date ,” DCWT wrote on its Facebook event page.” We have been waiting for our newest arrival’ Noah’ to make sure he was available for the Pasta Dinner .”

The next day, supporters posted photos of the event, including one of a woman bottle-feeding Noah in a little enclosure strewn with doll.

One attendee wrote,” We had a great time and we’ll see you at the next fundraiser! …. and I am quite sure before that, too !”

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