Surgery patients hear benefits of music therapy loud and clear

( CNN) It is no secret the uplifting effect of music, whether you like Mozart or Metallica. A growing sum of proof also been shown that clinicians can use the power of music to help people recover from surgery and other medical procedures.

Studies discover that listening to music before surgery can reduce anxiety, and may also reduce the need for sedatives. Listening to music after surgery, and even during, may ease pain and the necessity of achieving ache meds. Hospitals seem to be taking notice.

“I think more hospitals will start offering music therapy as the research foundation is grow, and there has been good research, ” said Al Bumanis, a music therapist and spokesperson for the American Music Therapy Association. There are probably about a thousand hospitals, maybe fewer, “that theyre” offering this type of therapy in the U.S ., he said.

Man rocks out during brain surgery

The Fake News Epidemic in Health

Very few, if any, areas in medicine–and its practice–are absolute. But plenty of sound data exists–if you can find it–to help you attain the best decisions.

The problem is, many people choice the incorrect alternatives based on misinformation, or they continue to uphold erroneous beliefs and biased sentiments, accepted as creed, despite irrefutable evidence to the contrary.

I’ve noticed this in my own practice. At UCLA, I encounter misinformed patients whose notions about what’s “good” for them–or a family member–are often wrong. They’ll ask about what they’ve heard about in the media or read online and are surprised by my answers, which often contradict conventional public wisdom.

Some examples: My child stopped feeing dairy and he doesn’t get sick anymore … I only get the influenza when I get a flu shot … Did you know that throat lozenges can cure strep throat? I read that in the newspaper .

The explosion of health-related information leads to misinterpretation, and Americans have a tendency to trust and relate to people with high profiles, elaborate websites, thousands of likes and followers on social media, and heart-rending anecdotes, rather than dry and impersonal medical data with no relatable faces is connected to the graph and text on a page.

But what happens when it intersects with science? Every day the media delivers swarms of health-related information that can swiftly trigger dread or provoke us to change our habits overnight. From the headlines about the limitations of the influenza vaccine to the alleged ailments of gluten, sugar, and genetically modified( GMO) foods, and the chance of getting cancer from acidic diets, the onslaught of news can be downright overwhelming.

It’s also potentially harmful. One day coffee is good for you and protective against dementia, the next day it’s proclaimed a potential carcinogen. Even more bizarrely, it’s recommended in enema kind for improved liver and digestive health.

Claims that routinely circulate are often overblown (” diet cures cancer “), misinforming (” coffee enemas detox the body “), based on substandard research (” fish petroleum supplements are good for you “), or completely false( ” inoculations cause autism “ ). Some of the ideas are hocus pocus, established in order to prey on the vulnerable. Common offenses include exaggerating the benefits of many vitamins, herbs, supplements, homeopathy, anti-aging schemes, cold remedies, and unconventional anticancer programs. Talented online scammers, the 21 st century version of the snake oil salesmen of the past, know how to lead the public into believing in causation when there is none, building hype for everything from arnica to zinc.

Unfortunately, many people don’t know where to turn for unbiased, trustworthy advice, and the ease with which misinformation proliferates on the Internet leaves people’s heads spinning.

In early March of this year, an alarming survey was published in Science that came to some astounding conclusions. False tales spread significantly more than true ones. Misrepresentations were 70 percent more likely to be retweeted–even when controlling for persons under the age of the original tweeter’s account and whether or not Twitter had confirmed the account as genuine. The old proverb about how lies spread a lot faster and farther than the truth remained true.

” Common offenses include exaggerating the added benefit of many vitamins, herbs, supplements, homeopathy, anti-aging strategies, cold redress, and unconventional anticancer programs .”

The MIT-based researchers of the study attributed this phenomenon to two main reasons. First, humans love to devour something that attracts their attention, and false narratives often have outrageous, this-can’t-be-true headlines. In the pre-Google days, tabloid magazines caught our attention in the check-out line at grocery stores. Catchy false headlines with shocking visuals are great fodder. But now the stakes are higher and the Internet presents a vastly different situation. Financial incentives are another cited explain. More eyeballs on a website can entail more money for the site( and its shareholders ).

So it’s no wonder the social media advertising market makes incentives for broadcasting false tales, as their wider diffusion stimulates them more profitable.

And then there’s social media, which has come under fire lately not only for its dissemination of false news but for misappropriating our data that we share online. While many practitioners roll their eyes when they hear,” I did my research ,” from a patient, a doctor like myself has to admit that sometimes that research can be sound. If a patient has a rare disease and presents articles about it or has conducted some smart crowd-sourcing on a social media platform, many of us physicians will be grateful that we were saved some extra work.

People also run into trouble when looking for information online based on preconceived notions. If you believe that mega-dosing on vitamin C avoids colds, for example, you will seek out( and easily find) sites promoting this notion. If you think that juice cleanses offer better health and well-being, you’ll land on websites selling only that. And if delaying inoculations is your sentence, online sources abound.

In a world where there are plenty of life-threatening dangers to worry about, from traffic crashes to the influenza to cancer, we don’t need the news to be hazardous to our health.

Nina Shapiro, M.D, is the author of HYPE: A Doctor’s Guide to Medical Myths, Exaggerated Claims and Bad Advice–How to Tell What’s Real and What’s Not , which St. Martin’s Press will publish on May 1, 2018.

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