There’s a search for a fifth meat- and 19 other things podcasts taught us in 2016

Whether its asking what happens when you watch Sexuality and the City 2 more than 50 periods or which Oscar has won an Oscar, theres no question a podcast somewhere hasnt answered

1 Richard Ayoade utilized a ThunderCats duvet cover until he was in his late 20 s

Where we learned it The Adam Buxton podcast

Adam Buxtons life-affirming, jingle-packed ramble chats with his celebrity guests are a constant delight. In this two-parter, the multi-talented Ayoade went into everything from the height of pillows to the reaction to his notoriously awkward interview with Krishnan Guru-Murthy. As funny as the pod is, you are able to learn a lot, too from Buxtons honest discussions of sorrow when his dad died to how upsetting Sara Pascoe finds it when people make clicky sticky noises with their mouths.

Other lessons from this podcast Louis Theroux does a fine rendition of Yes Sir, I Can Boogie. Ellie Violet Bramley

Malcolm
Journalist and author Malcolm Gladwell. Photo: Anne Bailey

2 One of the biggest auto remembers in history may have been caused by drivers pressing the incorrect pedal

Where we learned it Malcolm Gladwells Revisionist History

If you are familiar with Gladwells work, then Revisionist History is both a treat and familiar territory. The New Yorker novelist often takes assumptions and things we might think to be true and unravels them to end up in a different place altogether. In his bestseller Blink, he explained why it might not have been so unusual that an unarmed man was shot 41 periods by New York police. In the best episode of Revisionist History, Gladwell seemed back at Toyotas sudden unintended acceleration phenomenon, which led to a gigantic fine for the car manufacturer. The conclusion after we listen to a 911 call in which a man is driven to his death by a car that wont slow down was not that the cars accelerators were sticking, but that drivers unfamiliar with certain vehicles were having a brain malfunction that entailed they were physically unable to differentiate between the brake and the accelerator.

Other lessons from this podcast American colleges with the nicest canteens are the worst choices for poor students; if you want to score the most free-throws in basketball, do them underarm. Will Dean

3 One day, everyone in Sweden switched to driving on the opposite side of the road

Where we learned it 99% Invisible

You neednt be an architecture or design fanatic to enjoy Roman Marss gentle unpicking of how the world around us came to look and function as it does. As well as stories about the origins of the inflatable humen they have outside vehicle dealers in the US, and why they used to publicize missing children on milk cartons, you can learn about Hgertrafikomlggningen , or H-day 3 September 1967 when everyone in Sweden switched from driving on the left side of the road to the right.

Other lessons from this podcast Californias Salton Sea was formed by mistake; 20 years ago, the world became obsessed with a phone booth in the middle of the Mojave desert. Leah Harper

4 Having your own podcast wont win you an election

Where we learned it With Her

How do we know that Hillary Clinton enjoyed a Cuban sandwich and a beer at the end of a day on the road? Well, she had her own campaign podcast, about the little details of being on the trail. In the first episode, Max Linsky, of the podcast Longform, talked to her in Miami about what she was going to have for dinner that evening. As the first presidential nominee to have a campaign podcast, Clinton tried to harness the power of the medium to presents a more personable side of herself. Suffice to say, it didnthave the desired effect.

Other lessons from this podcast Clinton is a TED talks fan and has to ration her Elena Ferrante novels. EVB

My
The hosts of My Dad Wrote a Porno.

5 Theres more than one style of motivating your marketings force

Where we learned it My Dad Wrote a Porno

Pots-and-pans marketings supremo Belinda Blumenthal can find lust in any situation even when she is lost in an ornamental maze. The starring of the erotic fiction written by comedian Jamie Mortons father has taught the world that a regional sales meeting has just as much potential for naked fun as a business trip-up to Amsterdam. Other things she has appropriated into her libidinous realm include a charity tombola, Herb Alpert, a chalet, a pomegranate, a horsebox and any sentence involving the words further access. What she has taught listeners about her ridiculously sexy life is a possibility unsavoury, but via Mortons podcast it has brought a whole lot of mirth.

Other lessons from this podcast There is such a thing as a vaginal lid; never read erotic fiction written by your daddy. Hannah Verdier

6 Sacha Baron Cohen has been known to use a getaway car

Where we learned it WTF

Marc Marons WTF can be off-putting: the hosts 15 -minute opening monologue and guitar jams are often enough to deter new listeners. But when it comes to teasing out colorful details from the careers of some of Hollywoods funniest and finest, Maron is the master. Grimsby may have bombed in the cinemas, but it was worth it for the interview Baron Cohen did with Maron to promote the cinema. The best bits were the details of the logistical difficulties of making Brno, from how a redneck fight crowd were deceived into watching a homoerotic romp to how Baron Cohen managed to escape Kansas police after being caught with, among other things, a pedal-powered sexuality machine in a hotel room.( He had a automobile waiting outside with the engine running .)

Other lessons from this podcast Asking what peoples parents were like rarely gets a dull answer; if you have the US president over to record in your garage, youd better have nice neighbours; William Friedkin is the best storyteller in Hollywood. WD

Alix
Alix Fox looks into people sex lives. Photo: Ken McKay/ Rex/ Shutterstock

7 Having two vaginas doesnt mean you can have vaginal sexuality with two men at the same time

Where we learned it Close Encounters from the Guardian

Alix Fox pries into the complicated and fascinating lives of people for whom sex is not always entirely straightforward, from a polyamorous couple to a man paralysed from the waist down just before his honeymoon. An extraordinary interview with double-barrelled Hazel, who talked openly about the effect her condition has had on her and may have on her if she wants to have infants is the standout so far.

Other lessons from this podcast Russian-doll-style dildos can cure vaginismus; having cold feet can help to delay an orgasm. LH

8 The search for a fifth meat continues

Where we learned it The Beef and Dairy Network podcast

The centuries-old assumption that there are only four meats beef, lamb, pork and chicken is crumbling after unconfirmed reports that the European Space Agency has identified a mysterious fifth meat. The Beef and Dairy Network podcast, produced by comedian Ben Partridge, is the No 1 podcast for those involved or simply interested in the production of beef animals and dairy herds. Featuring guest appearances from agricultural experts such as Josie Long, and attracting fans including Miranda Sawyer, it is a surreal beefstravaganza.

Other lessons from this podcast According to Beef and Dairy Network sponsor Mitchells, 90% of livestock can kick through a ships hull after just one month of taking hoof-strengthening supplement Steel Hoof Deluxe. EVB

A
Dont put this cow in your ships hull. Photo: Brian Brown/ Getty Images

9 John Oliver is not dead

Where we learned it The Bugle

For a decade, long-time comedy partners John Oliver and Andy Zaltzman set the world to rights via the medium of their audio newspaper for a visual world. Their riffs on anything from civil liberty( Like dogs, John, we love our own, but we get actually vexed when other people civil liberties keep shitting on our lawns) to Texas barbecues( All I know is this, Andy: if I was a cow, and I knew that I could savour like that, Id find it very hard to make a coherent example for not being instantly killed and slow-cooked) often attained the prove the funniest thing you could get on Wi-Fi. With Oliver having left the Daily Show to front his own display on HBO, the Bugle went into satirical hibernation. It awoke in mid-October, just in time for a political event so ridiculous that even Zaltzman at his most surreal couldnt have imagined it. The pods Have I Got News for You-style rotating guest co-hosts now include US comics Wyatt Cenac and Hari Kondabolu, as well as Brit Nish Kumar and brilliant Indian standup Anuvab Pal. They dont know each other as well as best friends Zaltzman and Oliver, but perhaps the other co-host, Andys sister Helen, could claim an advantage on that front. The Bugle is dead, long live the Bugle.

Other lessons from this podcast Bashar al-Assad bought LMFAOs Im Sexy and I Know It as the Syrian civil war raged. WD

10 A bloke operating a driving school in Acton, west London, was also helping to prop up the capital punishment in the US

Where we learned it More Perfect

In a residential area of west London, inside a build with a banner that reads Elgone Driving Academy, is a guy in his 50 s who looks a bit like William Hurt and who was the one-man operation helping to provide the medications used for capital punishment in the US. That was until a human rights charity alerted the UK government to his pharmaceutical broom closet of demise. In the inaugural episode of More Perfect, a Radiolab spin-off looking at how US supreme court cases affect lives miles away from the bench, the presenters investigated those three little words from the US constitution: cruel and unusual.

Other lessons from this podcast An unusual 911 call made in Houston, Texas, in 1998, led to one of the most important point LGBTQ rights decisions in the courts history, effectively stimulating homosexual relations a basic civil right. EVB

11 The political insiders word for people panicking about a Trump win was bedwetters

Where we learned it Keepin it 1600

A politics podcast hosted by Barack Obamas former speechwriter and a senior communications consultant ought to scream wonkishness, but Jon Favreau and Dan Pfeiffer may be the two most engaging analysts of a bonkers election campaign. Having been at the heart of two US election blizzards, they alongside other hosts Jon Lovett and Tommy Vietor know, inside-out, how this world works and share it. Their near certainty about a Clinton win up to the morning of the election induced 1600 one of the most reassuring political podcasts you could listen to and induce their morning-after mea culpa on 9 November all the more extraordinary. Now its truly time to wet the bed.

Other lessons from this podcast The Obama team realised it was impossible to disprove crazy lies about its candidate after Fox News said in 2008 that the young Obama had been raised a Muslim when the team complained, they were told that it was an entertainment show. WD

12 Billy Joel has really soft hands

Where we learned it Two Dope Queens

Comedians and co-podcast hosts Phoebe Robinson and Jessica Williams went where two black women have never gone before a Billy Joel concert. They sneaked in their ros in suntan lotion bottles bought on Amazon the kind that get white girls, watching the Shins, through Coachella. And, having been given front-row tickets because Billy likes to see fairly women up at the front, they got to shake his baby-soft hands. If thats not informative enough for you, listen to the other episodes of this snort-out-loud-funny podcast from WNYC and hear some of New Yorks best female comedians talking about sex, romance, race, hair journeys and living in the city.

Other lessons from this podcast Pierce Brosnans volcano thriller Dantes Peak has a lot to tell us about how far we have come since the 90 s; talcum powder is the best method to deal with boob sweat. EVB

13 Tar heroin reeks just like capers

Where we learned it Guys We Fucked

Corinne Fisher and Krystyna Hutchinson host the anti-slut-shaming podcast, featuring interviews with everyone from Jon Ronson to Stoya( and, as the title gently suggests, people with whom they have had sexuality ). Their interview with Wendi Kent or, as they call her, White Precious who photographs protesters outside abortion clinics, uncovered the reason she can no longer feed capers and what its like to have sex when youre homeless. But its not all heavy-going. The episode titles alone are a treat good luck concealing You didnt go to France because you wanted to masturbate ?, His pubes were haunted? and Period sex: thoughts? from fellow commuters.

Other lessons from this podcast DIY HIV tests can be done at home( or on-air) with a mouth swab; comedians on the circuit all hook up with each other. LH

Sex
There is such a this as too much SatC2 I entail, you knew that already, right? Photograph: Allstar/ Warner/ Sportsphoto Ltd

14 You can watch Sexuality and the City 2 too many times

Where we learned it The Worst Idea of All Time

A lot of time, effort and fund, especially money, went into making this film, says Guy Montgomery. Weve just opened up the most disgusting can of worms. Theres no need to watch SatC2 because he and Tim Batt have done it more than 50 hours for the sake of their podcast( they did the same with Grown Ups 2 ). Mirandas nanny Magda is a spy who is gradually poisoning her, Charlotte is the other one and the whole thing is screaming out for the kind of dialogue that induced the Tv series great.

Other lessons from this podcast We Are Your Friends is next on your hatewatch listing. HV

15 You can have a podcast about a podcast

Where we learned it Slates Serial Spoiler Specials

Slates week-by-week analysis of Serial, 2014 s podcast obsession, is perfect for when everyone else you know is listening far too slowly offering tale recaps, whodunnit hypothesis and critiques of the host, Sarah Koenig. Not to mention digging deep down into Reddit rabbit holes about the two cases covered so far.

Other lessons from this podcast The cow birth in season two can be seen as an agricultural metaphor for the militarys response to Bowe Bergdahls disappearance; its almost impossible to map a timeline via audio. LH

16 Moby is a CD thief

Where we learned it Heavyweight

Jonathan Goldsteins Heavyweight aims to the tell the stories of people whose lives have taken a wrong turn somewhere. One of these was to reunite his 80 -year-old father with his elder friend before it was too late. Another was to reunite his friend Gregor who is haunted by the moment he loaned a box of Cds to a techno-producer friend. The friend, was, of course, Moby, who employed many of them as the basis for his squillion-selling Play. Gregor doesnt want royalties he just wants his Cds back. And Goldstein helps him get them.

Other lessons from this podcast Tracking down your school bullies is an uncomfortable eye-opener( as demonstrated by Julia in episode seven ). HV

17 You can have an -Alist cast in a podcast drama

Where we learned it Homecoming

Although Serial was essentially a piece of investigative journalism, its format proved that podcasting didnt need to be limited in its form. Gimlet Media, functional specialists podcasting company, emerged around the same time as that NPR made and proved its aspirations in the field. Its scripted drama, Homecoming, aimed straight for the stars with a casting including Catherine Keener, Star Wars Oscar Isaac and David Schwimmer. The narrative flips between Keeners characters work at an experimental facility that helps soldiers incorporate back into the community and her present-day life as a waitress. There are plenty of cliffhangers helping to tell the story of what happened in between.

Other lessons from this podcast You dont mess with David Schwimmer. As Colin Belfast, he oozes rage and has the air of a human on the leading edge. HV

18, 19, 20 France buys in most of its frogs legs only one person called Oscar has won an Oscar Donald, Huey, Dewey and Louie Duck are the most reprinted comic book characters( that arent superheroes) of all time

Where we learned it Answer Me This !

Helen Zaltzman and Olly Mann( plus Martin the soundman) solve listeners queries on a fortnightly basis with questions ranging from the practical to the ethical to the ridiculous. Suffice to say, you are able to learnt more listening to them while doing the washing up than from Heart FM. You will also learn that drunken voicemails are greet, especially from Dave from Smethwick and Graham from Canada.( Its Oscar Hammerstein II, by the way .) LH

The Guardian publishes a wide range of award-winning podcasts daily, from Football Weekly to the Guardian Books podcast, all of which are available on our site , iTunes and other resulting podcast platforms .

Read more: www.theguardian.com

5 Ways Women Will Be The First To Benefit From Hillary’s Economic Plan

As a successful female entrepreneur with more than 20 years of experience on Wall Street, I’m a strong believer in the ability of women to leading in male-dominated areas.

As our country seems to select its next chairwoman and as we look to other countries that have already put girls chairmen in officesuch as Argentina, Germany, Brazil and Korea it’s hour that we too have a woman leading our nation. If you really break down the details in Hillary Clinton’s economic scheme, you’ll see that there are several key points females entrepreneurs should be excited about.

Here are a few 😛 TAGEND

1. Major taxation relief for small businesses and the middle class.

Clinton promises to rebuild a healthy middle class and assist small businesses. She wants to close theloopholesthat are being used by the wealthy. She wants to require that earners of more than$ 1 million pay a 30 percentage tax rates( following the Buffet Rule ).

The middle class will not consider any taxation increases( ie, the people building less than $250,000 a year ). She hopes to be the small business chairman by reducing federal, state and local conformity costs. She wants to provide tax relief and cut the red tape in order to allow growth.

It’s important we reduce taxes on small and medium-sized companies, as they help our communities thrive.


2. Encourages females to enter the workforce.

Clinton knows the barriers women with households face when they enter the workforce. This lack of childcare and maternity leave constructs it harder for women to violate the glass ceiling.

We can’t be the most powerful country in the world if we don’t support one of the most significant groups in our country. Hilary’s ExpandedChildcare Planwould construct preschool most accessible for low-income households, as well as guarantee up to 12 weeks of paid family and medical leave.

As a businesswoman, I assure the imperative need for these plans. I believe we need more strong female business leaders and owneds. This scheme would encourage more females to continue seeking their careers, even after they have families.


3. A brighter future for students.

We’re insuring millions of American students graduate from college with an average of $28,950 in student loan indebtednesand no promised future. When we impede our future generation, we all pay for the consequences.

College alumnus are struggling to pay off their student loans. In turning, they’re unable to invest in their futures.

Hilary plans to reward four-year public colleges and universities if they prevent students from taking out loans. They will also receive a portion of $175 billion in grants if they agree to end budget cuts, reduce tuition and increase spending on higher education.

Investing in our future generation will give us great economic gains.


4. Expanded employment opportunities.

Hilary is a huge advocate of expanding employment opportunities. Her goal is to create well-paying chores by investing in infrastructure and clean energy, as well as scientific and medical research.

She would provide incentives for corporations that invest in employees, and strip tax benefits from companies that move jobs overseas. Her aggressive scheme will increase the minimum wage and improve benefits for workers, all while dedicating companies an incentive to share their profits with their employees.

There’s no more time to waste when it comes to building up the workforce.


5. Lowered health care costs.

As I grew up onwelfare, I understand the struggles many Americans face. Health care is expensive, and even with Obamacare ,a decent health plan still costs a lot of money. By lowering health care costs, we’d give every American the chance to have a quality health care plan.

These peoplewould eventually be able to receive the treatment and medication there is a requirement to at a fair cost. We’re one of the richest nations in the world, and we still have such huge health care inequalities. Improved health care plans will facilitate a thriving nation.

Of course, as November draws near, it’s important all the women does her research in order to understand where each candidate stands. Understand their goals before you cast your vote.

Our nation requires more informed and empowered girls. Let’s exercise our rights.

Read more:

Trump kudoes Putin, pans US generals as Clinton pivots from email

Washington( CNN) Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump clashed Wednesday over national security issues that uncovered deep divides about how to manage the military and conduct foreign policy in an increasingly complex world.

The forum offered a preview of how the two candidates will present themselves to the country when they appear on stage September 26 at its most important first presidential debate. The gulf between them was especially apparent when the discussion centered on Russia and combating ISIS.

JUST WATCHED

Clinton walks tightrope on Obama foreign policy

JUST WATCHED

Clinton on emails: I did what I should have done

There’s a search for a fifth meat- and 19 other things podcasts taught us in 2016

Whether its asking what happens when you watch Sex and the City 2 more than 50 days or which Oscar has won an Oscar, theres no question a podcast somewhere hasnt answered

1 Richard Ayoade employed a ThunderCats duvet cover until he was in his late 20 s

Where we learned it The Adam Buxton podcast

Adam Buxtons life-affirming, jingle-packed ramble chats with his celebrity guests are a constant pleasure. In this two-parter, the multi-talented Ayoade went into everything from the height of pillows to the reaction to his notoriously awkward interview with Krishnan Guru-Murthy. As funny as the pod is, you will learn a lot, too from Buxtons honest discussions of heartache when his dad died to how upsetting Sara Pascoe determines it when people construct clicky sticky noises with their mouths.

Other lessons from this podcast Louis Theroux does a fine rendition of Yes Sir, I Can Boogie. Ellie Violet Bramley

Malcolm
Journalist and writer Malcolm Gladwell. Photograph: Anne Bailey

2 One of the biggest vehicle remembers in history may have been caused by drivers pressing the wrong pedal

Where we learned it Malcolm Gladwells Revisionist History

If you are familiar with Gladwells run, then Revisionist History is both a treat and familiar province. The New Yorker novelist often takes assumptions and things we might think to be true and unravels them to end up in a different place wholly. In his bestseller Blink, he explained why it might not have been so unusual that an unarmed man was shot 41 periods by New York police. In the best episode of Revisionist History, Gladwell looked back at Toyotas sudden unintended acceleration phenomenon, which led to a gigantic fine for the car manufacturer. The conclusion after we listen to a 911 call in which a man is driven to his death by a automobile that wont slow down was not that the cars accelerators were sticking, but that drivers unfamiliar with certain vehicles were having a brain malfunction that entailed the latter are physically unable to differentiate between the brake and the accelerator.

Other lessons from this podcast American colleges with the nicest canteens are the worst selections for poor students; if you want to score the most free-throws in basketball, do them underarm. Will Dean

3 One day, everyone in Sweden switched to driving on the opposite side of the road

Where we learned it 99% Invisible

You neednt be an architecture or design fanatic to enjoy Roman Marss gentle unpicking of how the world around us came to look and function as it does. As well as stories about the origins of the inflatable humen they have outside automobile merchants in the US, and why they used to publicize missing kids on milk cartons, you can learn about Hgertrafikomlggningen , or H-day 3 September 1967 when everyone in Sweden switched from driving on the left side of the road to the right.

Other lessons from this podcast Californias Salton Sea was formed by mistake; 20 years ago, the world became obsessed with a phone booth in the middle of the Mojave desert. Leah Harper

4 Having your own podcast wont win you an election

Where we learned it With Her

How do we know that Hillary Clinton enjoyed a Cuban sandwich and a brew at the end of a day on the road? Well, she had her own campaign podcast, about the little details of being on the road. In the first episode, Max Linsky, of the podcast Longform, talked to her in Miami about what she was going to have for dinner that evening. As the first presidential candidate to have a campaign podcast, Clinton tried to harness the power of the medium to show a more personable side of herself. Suffice to say, it didnthave the desired effect.

Other lessons from this podcast Clinton is a TED talks fan and has to ration her Elena Ferrante fictions. EVB

My
The hosts of My Dad Wrote a Porno.

5 Theres more than one way of motivating your sales force

Where we learned it My Dad Wrote a Porno

Pots-and-pans marketings supremo Belinda Blumenthal can find lust in any situation even when she is lost in an ornamental labyrinth. The starring of the erotic fiction written by comedian Jamie Mortons father has taught the world that a regional marketings conference has just as much possibilities for naked fun as a business trip-up to Amsterdam. Other things she has appropriated into her libidinous realm include a charity tombola, Herb Alpert, a chalet, a pomegranate, a horsebox and any sentence involving the words further access. What she has taught listeners about her ridiculously sexy life is a possibility unsavoury, but via Mortons podcast it has brought a whole lot of mirth.

Other lessons from this podcast There is such a thing as a vaginal eyelid; never read erotic fiction written by your father. Hannah Verdier

6 Sacha Baron Cohen has been known to use a getaway car

Where we learned it WTF

Marc Marons WTF can be off-putting: the hosts 15 -minute opening monologue and guitar jams are often enough to deter new listeners. But when it comes to teasing out colourful details from the careers of some of Hollywoods funniest and finest, Maron is the master. Grimsby may have bombed in the cinemas, but it was worth it for the interview Baron Cohen did with Maron to promote the movie. The best bits were the detailed logistical difficulties of attaining Brno, from how a redneck fighting mob were duped into watching a homoerotic cavort to how Baron Cohen managed to escape Kansas police after being caught with, among other things, a pedal-powered sexuality machine in a hotel room.( He had a auto waiting outside with the engine running .)

Other lessons from this podcast Asking what peoples mothers were like rarely gets a dull answer; if you have the US president over to record in your garage, youd better have nice neighbours; William Friedkin is the best storyteller in Hollywood. WD

Alix
Alix Fox looks into peoples sexuality lives. Photograph: Ken McKay/ Rex/ Shutterstock

7 Having two vaginas doesnt mean you can have vaginal sex with two men at the same time

Where we learned it Close Encounters from the Guardian

Alix Fox pries into the complicated and fascinating lives of people for whom sexuality is not always solely straightforward, from a polyamorous couple to a man paralysed from the waist down just before his honeymoon. An extraordinary interview with double-barrelled Hazel, who talked openly about the effect her condition has had on her and may have on her if she wants to have infants is the standout so far.

Other lessons from this podcast Russian-doll-style dildos can cure vaginismus; having cold feet can help to delay an orgasm. LH

8 The search for a fifth meat continues

Where we learned it The Beef and Dairy Network podcast

The centuries-old assumption that there are only four meats beef, lamb, pork and chicken is crumbling after unconfirmed reports that the European Space Agency has identified a mysterious fifth meat. The Beef and Dairy Network podcast, produced by comedian Ben Partridge, is the No 1 podcast for those involved or merely interested in the production of beef animals and dairy herds. Featuring guest appearances from agricultural experts such as Josie Long, and attracting fans including Miranda Sawyer, it is a surreal beefstravaganza.

Other lessons from this podcast According to Beef and Dairy Network sponsor Mitchells, 90% of livestock can kick through a ships hull after only one month of taking hoof-strengthening supplement Steel Hoof Deluxe. EVB

A
Dont put this cow in your ships hull. Photograph: Brian Brown/ Getty Images

9 John Oliver is not dead

Where we learned it The Bugle

For a decade, long-time comedy partners John Oliver and Andy Zaltzman put the world to rights via the medium of their audio newspaper for a visual world. Their riffs on anything from civil liberties( Like dogs, John, we love our own, but we get genuinely vexed when other people civil liberty maintain shitting on our lawns) to Texas barbecues( All I know is this, Andy: if I was a cow, and I knew that I could savour like that, Id find it very hard to make a coherent lawsuit for not being instantly killed and slow-cooked) often made the indicate the funniest thing you could get on Wi-Fi. With Oliver having left the Daily Show to front his own demonstrate on HBO, the Bugle went into satirical hibernation. It awoke in mid-October, just in time for a political event so ridiculous that even Zaltzman at his most surreal couldnt have imagined it. The pods Have I Got News for You-style rotating guest co-hosts now include US comics Wyatt Cenac and Hari Kondabolu, as well as Brit Nish Kumar and brilliant Indian standup Anuvab Pal. They dont know each other as well as best friends Zaltzman and Oliver, but perhaps the other co-host, Andys sister Helen, could claim an advantage on that front. The Bugle is dead, long live the Bugle.

Other lessons from this podcast Bashar al-Assad bought LMFAOs Im Sexy and I Know It as the Syrian civil war raged. WD

10 A bloke operating a driving school in Acton, west London, was also helping to prop up the capital punishment in the US

Where we learned it More Perfect

In a residential area of west London, inside a build with a banner that reads Elgone Driving Academy, is a guy in his 50 s who appears a bit like William Hurt and who was the one-man operation helping to provide the drugs used for capital punishment in the US. That was until a human rights charity alerted the UK government to his pharmaceutical broom closet of demise. In the inaugural episode of More Perfect, a Radiolab spin-off looking at how US supreme court cases affect lives miles away from the bench, the presenters investigated those three little words from the US constitution: cruel and unusual.

Other lessons from this podcast An unusual 911 call made in Houston, Texas, in 1998, led to one of the most important point LGBTQ rights decisions in the courts history, effectively stimulating homosexual relations a basic civil right. EVB

11 The political insiders term for people panicking about a Trump win was bedwetters

Where we learned it Keepin it 1600

A politics podcast hosted by Barack Obamas former speechwriter and a senior communications adviser ought to call wonkishness, but Jon Favreau and Dan Pfeiffer may be the two most engaging analysts of a bonkers electoral campaign. Having been at the heart of two US election blizzards, they alongside other hosts Jon Lovett and Tommy Vietor know, inside-out, how this world runs and share it. Their near certainty about a Clinton win up to the morning of the election stimulated 1600 one of the most reassuring political podcasts you could listen to and stimulate their morning-after mea culpa on 9 November all the more extraordinary. Now its actually time to wet the bed.

Other lessons from this podcast The Obama team realised it was impossible to refute crazy lies about its candidate after Fox News said in 2008 that the young Obama had been raised a Muslim when the team complained, they were told that it was an entertainment show. WD

12 Billy Joel has really soft hands

Where we learned it Two Dope Queens

Comedians and co-podcast hosts Phoebe Robinson and Jessica Williams ran where two black girls have never gone before a Billy Joel concert. They sneaked in their ros in suntan lotion bottles bought on Amazon the kind that get white girls, watching the Shins, through Coachella. And, having been given front-row tickets because Billy likes to see fairly girls up at the front, they got to shake his baby-soft hands. If thats not informative enough for you, listen to the other episodes of this snort-out-loud-funny podcast from WNYC and hear some of New Yorks best female comedians talking about sex, romance, race, hair journeys and living in the city.

Other lessons from this podcast Pierce Brosnans volcano thriller Dantes Peak has a lot to tell us about how far we have come since the 90 s; talcum powder is the best method to deal with boob sweat. EVB

13 Tar heroin reeks just like capers

Where we learned it Guys We Fucked

Corinne Fisher and Krystyna Hutchinson host the anti-slut-shaming podcast, featuring interviews with everyone from Jon Ronson to Stoya( and, as the title gently suggests, people with whom they have had sexuality ). Their interview with Wendi Kent or, as they call her, White Precious who photographs protesters outside abortion clinics, disclosed the reason she can no longer eat capers and what its like to have sex when youre homeless. But its not all heavy-going. The episode titles alone are a treat good luck concealing You didnt go to France because you wanted to masturbate ?, His pubes were haunted? and Period sex: believes? from fellow commuters.

Other lessons from this podcast DIY HIV tests can be done at home( or on-air) with a mouth swab; comedians on the circuit all hook up with one another. LH

Sex
There is such a this as too much SatC2 I mean, you knew that already, right? Photograph: Allstar/ Warner/ Sportsphoto Ltd

14 You can watch Sexuality and the City 2 too many times

Where we learned it The Worst Idea of All Time

A lot of time, attempt and money, especially money, went into making this film, tells Guy Montgomery. Weve just opened up the most disgusting can of worms. Theres no need to watch SatC2 because he and Tim Batt have done it more than 50 periods for the sake of their podcast( they did the same with Grown Ups 2 ). Mirandas nanny Magda is a spy who is gradually poisoning her, Charlotte is the other one and the whole thing is crying out for the kind of dialogue that constructed the TV series great.

Other lessons from this podcast We Are Your Friends is next on your hatewatch list. HV

15 You can have a podcast about a podcast

Where we learned it Slates Serial Spoiler Specials

Slates week-by-week analysis of Serial, 2014 s podcast preoccupation, is perfect for when everyone you know is listening far too slowly offering narrative recaps, whodunnit hypothesis and critiques of the host, Sarah Koenig. Not to mention excavating deep down into Reddit rabbit pits about the two cases encompassed so far.

Other lessons from this podcast The cow birth in season two can be seen as an agricultural metaphor for the militarys response to Bowe Bergdahls disappearance; its almost impossible to map a timeline via audio. LH

16 Moby is a CD thief

Where we learned it Heavyweight

Jonathan Goldsteins Heavyweight aims to the tell the stories of people whose lives have taken a incorrect turn somewhere. One of these was to reunited his 80 -year-old father with his elder friend before it was too late. Another was to reunite his friend Gregor who is haunted by the moment he loaned a box of Cds to a techno-producer friend. The friend, was, of course, Moby, who used many of them as the basis for his squillion-selling Play. Gregor doesnt want royalties he only wants his CDs back. And Goldstein helps him get them.

Other lessons from this podcast Tracking down your school bullies is an uncomfortable eye-opener( as demonstrated by Julia in episode seven ). HV

17 You can have an -Alist cast in a podcast drama

Where we learned it Homecoming

Although Serial was essentially a piece of investigative journalism, its format proved that podcasting didnt need to be limited in its form. Gimlet Media, a specialist podcasting company, emerged around the same hour as that NPR made and proved its aspirations in the field. Its scripted drama, Homecoming, aimed straight for the stars with a casting including Catherine Keener, Star Wars Oscar Isaac and David Schwimmer. The story flips between Keeners characters work at an experimental facility that helps soldiers incorporate back into the community and her present-day life as a waitress. There are plenty of cliffhangers helping to tell the story of what happened in between.

Other lessons from this podcast You dont mess with David Schwimmer. As Colin Belfast, he oozes rage and has the air of a man on the leading edge. HV

18, 19, 20 France buys in most of its frogs legs only one person called Oscar has won an Oscar Donald, Huey, Dewey and Louie Duck are the most reprinted comic book characters( that arent superheroes) of all time

Where we learned it Answer Me This !

Helen Zaltzman and Olly Mann( plus Martin the soundman) solve listeners queries on a fortnightly basis with questions ranging from the practical to the ethical to the ridiculous. Suffice to say, you are able to learnt more listening to them while doing the washing up than from Heart FM. You will also learn that drunken voicemails are greet, especially from Dave from Smethwick and Graham from Canada.( Its Oscar Hammerstein II, by the way .) LH

The Guardian publishes a wide range of award-winning podcasts daily, from Football Weekly to the Guardian Books podcast, all of which are available on our site , iTunes and other leading podcast platforms .

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Powder found at Clinton staff office deemed harmless, spokesman tells

Four people analyse after white substance found in Manhattan office, campaign says

The Hillary Clinton campaign said on Saturday that four people had been examined by medical personnel after a white powdery substance arrived at a New York campaign office. No health issues were reported.

Campaign spokesman Glen Caplin told federal and local officials ascertained the substance was non-hazardous. Caplin no further details.

Police said preliminary exams depicted the substance, which is now being found on Friday in an envelope at Clintons Manhattan office, where mail is received, was not harmful. A police spokesman declined to identify what the substance was.

The envelope arrived around 5.30 pm on Friday. It was taken to Clintons Brooklyn headquarters, where the 11 th floor was evacuated.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

There’s a search for a fifth meat- and 19 other things podcasts taught us in 2016

Whether its asking what happens when you watch Sex and the City 2 more than 50 days or which Oscar has won an Oscar, theres no question a podcast somewhere hasnt answered

1 Richard Ayoade use a ThunderCats duvet cover until he was in his late 20 s

Where we learned it The Adam Buxton podcast

Adam Buxtons life-affirming, jingle-packed ramble chats with his celebrity guests are a constant pleasure. In this two-parter, the multi-talented Ayoade went into everything from the height of pillows to the reaction to his notoriously awkward interview with Krishnan Guru-Murthy. As funny as the pod is, you are able to learn a lot, too from Buxtons honest discussions among heartbreak when his daddy succumbed to how upsetting Sara Pascoe detects it when people stimulate clicky sticky noises with their mouths.

Other lessons from this podcast Louis Theroux does a fine rendition of Yes Sir, I Can Boogie. Ellie Violet Bramley

Malcolm
Journalist and writer Malcolm Gladwell. Photograph: Anne Bailey

2 One of the biggest car recollects in history may have been caused by drivers pressing the incorrect pedal

Where we learned it Malcolm Gladwells Revisionist History

If you are familiar with Gladwells work, then Revisionist History is both a treat and familiar territory. The New Yorker novelist often takes assumptions and things we might think to be true and unravels them to end up in a different place wholly. In his bestseller Blink, he explained why it might not have been so unusual that an unarmed man was shot 41 periods by New York police. In the best episode of Revisionist History, Gladwell seemed back at Toyotas sudden unintended acceleration phenomenon, which led to a gigantic fine for the car manufacturer. The conclusion after we listen to a 911 call in which a man is driven to his death by a automobile that wont slow down was not that the cars accelerators were sticking, but that drivers unfamiliar with certain cars were having a brain malfunction that meant the latter are physically unable to differentiate between the brake and the accelerator.

Other lessons from this podcast American colleges with the nicest canteens are the worst options for poor students; if you want to score the most free-throws in basketball, do them underarm. Will Dean

3 One day, everyone in Sweden switched to driving on the opposite side of the road

Where we learned it 99% Invisible

You neednt be an architecture or design fanatic to enjoy Roman Marss gentle unpicking of how the world around us came to look and function as it does. As well as tales about the origins of the inflatable men they have outside auto dealers in the US, and why they used to advertise missing kids on milk cartons, you can learn about Hgertrafikomlggningen , or H-day 3 September 1967 when everyone in Sweden switched from driving on the left side of the road to the right.

Other lessons from this podcast Californias Salton Sea was formed by mistake; 20 years ago, the world became obsessed with a phone booth in the middle of the Mojave desert. Leah Harper

4 Having your own podcast wont win you an election

Where we learned it With Her

How do we know that Hillary Clinton enjoyed a Cuban sandwich and a brew at the end of a day on the road? Well, she had her own campaign podcast, about the little details of being on the trail. In the first episode, Max Linsky, of the podcast Longform, talked to her in Miami about what she was going to have for dinner that evening. As the first presidential nominee to have a campaign podcast, Clinton tried to harness the power of the medium to proves a more personable side of herself. Suffice to say, it didnthave the desired effect.

Other lessons from this podcast Clinton is a TED talks fan and has to ration her Elena Ferrante novels. EVB

My
The hosts of My Dad Wrote a Porno.

5 Theres more than one route of motivating your marketings force

Where we learned it My Dad Wrote a Porno

Pots-and-pans marketings supremo Belinda Blumenthal can find lust in any situation even when she is lost in an ornamental maze. The star of the erotic fiction written by comedian Jamie Mortons father has taught the world that a regional marketings meeting has just as much possibilities for naked fun as a business journey to Amsterdam. Other things she has appropriated into her libidinous realm include a charity tombola, Herb Alpert, a chalet, a pomegranate, a horsebox and any sentence involving the words further access. What she has taught listeners about her ridiculously sexy life is a possibility unsavoury, but via Mortons podcast it has brought a whole lot of mirth.

Other lessons from this podcast There is such a thing as a vaginal eyelid; never read erotic fiction written by your papa. Hannah Verdier

6 Sacha Baron Cohen has been known to use a getaway car

Where we learned it WTF

Marc Marons WTF can be off-putting: the hosts 15 -minute opening monologue and guitar jams are often enough to deter new listeners. But when it comes to teasing out colorful details from the careers of some of Hollywoods funniest and finest, Maron is the master. Grimsby may have bombed in the cinemas, but it was worth it for the interview Baron Cohen did with Maron to promote the movie. The best bits were the details of the logistical difficulties of attaining Brno, from how a redneck oppose mob were deceived into watching a homoerotic cavort to how Baron Cohen managed to escape Kansas police after being caught with , among other things, a pedal-powered sex machine in a hotel room.( He had a vehicle waiting outside with the engine running .)

Other lessons from this podcast Asking what peoples mothers were like rarely gets a dull answer; if you have the US president over to record in your garage, youd better have nice neighbours; William Friedkin is the best storyteller in Hollywood. WD

Alix
Alix Fox looks into people sexuality lives. Photo: Ken McKay/ Rex/ Shutterstock

7 Having two vaginas doesnt mean you can have vaginal sexuality with two men at the same time

Where we learned it Close Encounters from the Guardian

Alix Fox pries into the complicated and fascinating lives of people for whom sexuality is not always entirely straightforward, from a polyamorous couple to a man paralysed from the waist down just before his honeymoon. An extraordinary interview with double-barrelled Hazel, who talked openly about the effect her condition has had on her and may have on her if she wants to have children is the standout so far.

Other lessons from this podcast Russian-doll-style dildos can cure vaginismus; having cold feet can help to delay an orgasm. LH

8 The search for a fifth meat continues

Where we learned it The Beef and Dairy Network podcast

The centuries-old assumption that there are only four meat beef, lamb, pork and chicken is crumbling after unconfirmed reports that the European Space Agency has identified a mysterious fifth meat. The Beef and Dairy Network podcast, produced by comedian Ben Partridge, is the No 1 podcast for those involved or just interested in the production of beef animals and dairy herds. Featuring guest appearances from agricultural experts such as Josie Long, and attracting fans including Miranda Sawyer, it is a surreal beefstravaganza.

Other lessons from this podcast According to Beef and Dairy Network sponsor Mitchells, 90% of cattle can kick through a ships hull after only one month of taking hoof-strengthening supplement Steel Hoof Deluxe. EVB

A
Dont set this cow in your ships hull. Photo: Brian Brown/ Getty Images

9 John Oliver is not dead

Where we learned it The Bugle

For a decade, long-time comedy partners John Oliver and Andy Zaltzman put the world to rights via the medium of their audio newspaper for a visual world. Their riffs on anything from civil liberty( Like dogs, John, we love our own, but we get really annoyed when other people civil liberty keep shitting on our lawns) to Texas barbecues( All I know is this, Andy: if I was a cow, and I knew that I could taste like that, Id find it very hard to make a coherent case for not being immediately killed and slow-cooked) often attained the reveal the funniest thing you could get on Wi-Fi. With Oliver having left the Daily Show to front his own depict on HBO, the Bugle went into satirical hibernation. It awoke in mid-October, only in time for a political event so ridiculous that even Zaltzman at his most surreal couldnt have imagined it. The pods Have I Got News for You-style rotating guest co-hosts now include US comics Wyatt Cenac and Hari Kondabolu, as well as Brit Nish Kumar and brilliant Indian standup Anuvab Pal. They dont know each other as well as best friends Zaltzman and Oliver, but perhaps the other co-host, Andys sister Helen, could claim an advantage on that front. The Bugle is dead, long live the Bugle.

Other lessons from this podcast Bashar al-Assad bought LMFAOs Im Sexy and I Know It as the Syrian civil war raged. WD

10 A bloke operating a driving school in Acton, west London, was also helping to prop up the death penalty in the US

Where we learned it More Perfect

In a residential area of west London, inside a build with a flag that reads Elgone Driving Academy, is a guy in his 50 s who seems a bit like William Hurt and who was the one-man operation helping to provide the drugs used for capital punishment in the US. That was until a human rights charity alerted the UK government to his pharmaceutical broom closet of demise. In the inaugural episode of More Perfect, a Radiolab spin-off looking at how US supreme court cases affect lives miles away from the bench, the presenters explored those three little terms from the US constitution: cruel and unusual.

Other lessons from this podcast An unusual 911 call made in Houston, Texas, in 1998, led to one of the most important LGBTQ rights decisions in the courts history, effectively making homosexual relations a basic civil right. EVB

11 The political insiders word for people panicking about a Trump win was bedwetters

Where we learned it Keepin it 1600

A politics podcast hosted by Barack Obamas former speechwriter and a senior communications consultant ought to scream wonkishness, but Jon Favreau and Dan Pfeiffer may be the two most engaging analysts of a bonkers electoral campaign. Having been at the heart of two US election cyclones, they alongside other hosts Jon Lovett and Tommy Vietor know, inside-out, how this world runs and share it. Their near certainty about a Clinton win up to the morning of the election made 1600 one of the most reassuring political podcasts you could listen to and stimulate their morning-after mea culpa on 9 November all the more extraordinary. Now its truly is high time to wet the bed.

Other lessons from this podcast The Obama team realised it was impossible to refute crazy lies about its candidate after Fox News said in 2008 that the young Obama had been raised a Muslim when the team complained, they were told that it was an entertainment display. WD

12 Billy Joel has really soft hands

Where we learned it Two Dope Queens

Comedians and co-podcast hosts Phoebe Robinson and Jessica Williams went where two black females have never gone before a Billy Joel concert. They sneaked in their ros in suntan lotion bottles bought on Amazon the kind that get white daughters, watching the Shins, through Coachella. And, having been given front-row tickets because Billy likes to see pretty girls up at the front, they got to shake his baby-soft hands. If thats not informative enough for you, listen to the other episodes of this snort-out-loud-funny podcast from WNYC and hear some of New Yorks best female comedians talking about sexuality, romance, race, hair journeys and living in the city.

Other lessons from this podcast Pierce Brosnans volcano thriller Dantes Peak has a lot to tell us about how far we have come since the 90 s; talcum powder is the best method to deal with boob sweat. EVB

13 Tar heroin smells just like capers

Where we learned it Guys We Fucked

Corinne Fisher and Krystyna Hutchinson host the anti-slut-shaming podcast, featuring interviews with everyone from Jon Ronson to Stoya( and, as the title gently suggests, people with whom they have had sexuality ). Their interview with Wendi Kent or, as they call her, White Precious who photographs protesters outside abortion clinics, exposed the reason she can no longer eat capers and what its like to have sex when youre homeless. But its not all heavy-going. The episode titles alone are a treat good luck concealing You didnt going to see France because you wanted to masturbate ?, His pubes were haunted? and Period sex: guess? from fellow commuters.

Other lessons from this podcast DIY HIV tests can be done at home( or on-air) with a mouth swab; comedians on the circuit all hook up with one another. LH

Sex
There is such a this as too much SatC2 I mean, you knew that already, right? Photograph: Allstar/ Warner/ Sportsphoto Ltd

14 You can watch Sex and the City 2 too many times

Where we learned it The Worst Idea of All Time

A lot of day, endeavour and money, especially money, went into making this film, says Guy Montgomery. Weve just opened up the most disgusting can of worms. Theres no need to watch SatC2 because he and Tim Batt have done it more than 50 days for the sake of their podcast( they did the same with Grown Ups 2 ). Mirandas nanny Magda is a spy who is gradually poisoning her, Charlotte is the other one and the whole thing is screaming out for the kind of dialogue that constructed the TV series great.

Other lessons from this podcast We Are Your Friends is next on your hatewatch listing. HV

15 You can have a podcast about a podcast

Where we learned it Slates Serial Spoiler Specials

Slates week-by-week analysis of Serial, 2014 s podcast preoccupation, is perfect for when everyone else you know is listening far too slowly offering tale recaps, whodunnit theories and critiques of the host, Sarah Koenig. Not to mention excavating deep down into Reddit rabbit holes about the two cases encompassed so far.

Other lessons from this podcast The cow birth in season two can be seen as an agricultural metaphor for the militarys response to Bowe Bergdahls disappearance; its almost impossible to map a timeline via audio. LH

16 Moby is a CD thief

Where we learned it Heavyweight

Jonathan Goldsteins Heavyweight aims to the tell the stories of people whose lives have taken a wrong turning somewhere. One of these was to reunite his 80 -year-old father with his elder friend before it was too late. Another was to reunite his friend Gregor who is haunted by the moment he loaned a box of Cds to a techno-producer friend. The friend, was, of course, Moby, who utilized many of them as the basis for his squillion-selling Play. Gregor doesnt want royalties he just wants his Cds back. And Goldstein helps him get them.

Other lessons from this podcast Tracking down your school bullies is an uncomfortable eye-opener( as demonstrated by Julia in episode seven ). HV

17 You can have an -Alist cast in a podcast drama

Where we learned it Homecoming

Although Serial was essentially a piece of investigative journalism, its format proved that podcasting didnt need to be limited in its kind. Gimlet Media, functional specialists podcasting company, emerged around the same time as that NPR made and proved its ambitions in the field. Its scripted drama, Homecoming, aimed straight-out for the stars with a cast including Catherine Keener, Star Wars Oscar Isaac and David Schwimmer. The tale flips between Keeners characters work at an experimental facility that helps soldiers incorporate back into the community and her present-day life as a waitress. There are plenty of cliffhangers helping to tell the story of what took place in between.

Other lessons from this podcast You dont mess with David Schwimmer. As Colin Belfast, he oozes rage and has the air of a human on the edge. HV

18, 19, 20 France buys in most of its frogs legs merely one person called Oscar has won an Oscar Donald, Huey, Dewey and Louie Duck are the most reprinted comic book characters( that arent superheroes) of all time

Where we learned it Answer Me This !

Helen Zaltzman and Olly Mann( plus Martin the soundman) solve listeners queries on a fortnightly basis with questions ranging from the practical to the ethical to the ridiculous. Suffice to say, you will learn more listening to them while doing the washing up than from Heart FM. You will also learn that drunken voicemails are greet, especially from Dave from Smethwick and Graham from Canada.( Its Oscar Hammerstein II, by the way .) LH

The Guardian publishes a wide range of award-winning podcasts daily, from Football Weekly to the Guardian Books podcast, all of which are available on our site , iTunes and other resulting podcast platforms .

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Here’s how Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton’s tax schemes add up

In light of what Ben Franklin said about life’s merely two certaintiesand considering there’s a good chance neither Donald Trump norHillary Clinton will be able to drive the country into a rapid demise spiraling before introducing their first slate of legislationthe new president will expend much of his or her first word talking about taxes.

In terms of taxation reform, both presumptive presidential nominees largely echo their party’s standard lines. Trump’s plan generally adheres to Republican orthodoxy stretching back generations. It would cut taxes across the board, but with the overwhelming majority of the benefit going to the wealthy. Unless it were accompanied by an enormous cut in expenditures, Trump’s plan would trigger a significant expansion of the national debt. Interestingly, Trump’s current scheme is vastly different from the one he proffered the last period he operated for president, which includes an enormous taxation hike on the richest subset of the richest 1 percent of Americans.

Conversely, Clinton’s vision for the tax system doesn’t appear to substantially differ from that of President Barack Obama. Where Trump’s plan is sweeping, Clinton’s ideas for changing the tax code are far more incremental. Her plan, as it is currently laid out, involves leaving the tax code largely the same for the vast majority of Americans, while hiking rates and closing loopholes for very rich.

Trump’s tax plan

In the rundown of Trump’s tax plan posted on his campaign website, the candidate lists the four broad priorities that form the basis of his plan: taxation relief for middle-class households, simplify the tax code, grow the American economyall without adding to the debt and deficit.

If legislated, Trump’s tax plan would cut taxes by $11.98 trillion over the next 10 years.

It would exempt from all federal income taxes all single people earning less than $25,000 and all households bringing in under $50,000. This group of Americans being taxed at the zero percent rate would comprise one of the four taxation brackets in Trump’s plandown from the current system of seven. The other three brackets will be set at rates of 10, 20 and 25 percentage. Trump’s plan would also eliminate the matrimony penalty, which occurs when the combined tax burden for a newly married couple filing collectively is higher than what they would pay separately, as well as the Alternative Minimum Tax, which was created in the late 1960 s as a style to prevent the extremely wealthy from use loopholes to winnow their taxation bills down to basically nothing, and the so-called death tax, a taxation assessed on very large estates being passed down from one generation to the next.

The plan also involves closing a number of loopholes and allowances principally exploited by the very rich and large corporationssuch as phasing out the tax exemption on life insurance interest for high-income individuals and objective the controversial carried interest loophole for speculative partnerships, which lets executives of Wall Street firms to have their income taxed at a considerably lower rate than most Americans.

The corporate tax rates would be lowered from 35 percentage down to 15. It would also institute a one-time tax holiday on the repatriation of corporate income earned overseas, taxing any fund brought back during this window at 10 percent. Trump argues the high international rate, that is applicable to income U.S. companies earn overseas, is pushing companies to amass fund abroad rather than reinvesting it in their businesses domestically. While the U.S. corporate rate is the highest in the world, the tax code has so many loopholes and allowances available that the effective rate for most corporations repatriating income is closer to 28 percent.

While Trump claims his tax scheme is revenue neutral, that evaluation was disputed in a detailed analysis undertaken by the non-partisan Tax Foundation.

The Tax Foundation found that the scheme would end up reducing federal tax revenues by $10.14 trillion over the next decade, even after accounting for economic growth triggered by the change. As an expression of the results of this decrease in tax revenues, the debt would grow substantially as both the gap between revenues and expenditures as well as the best interest payments on the debt increased.

Overall, the Tax Foundation calculated Trump’s reforms would, over the long term, boost GDP by 11 percenton the assumption that the tax cut could be appropriately financedand create 5.3 million full-time equivalent chores.

In a broad sense, it would cut taxes for people at all income levels. However, the plan is most favorable to the wealthy. The bottom 10 percentage of the income distribution would find their after-tax income rises by an estimated 0.6 percent, while the top 10 percentage would experience a boost of 21.6 percent.

The Tax Policy Center, a collaboration between the Urban Institute and the Brookings Institution, reached a similar conclusion in its own analysis of the Trump plan. It found that Trump would reduce federal revenue by $9.5 trillion over its first decade and, unless accompanied by massive spending cuts, would increase the national debt by 80 percent of GPD, thereby offsetting some or all of the incentive effects of the tax cuts.

Trump’s old tax scheme

Other than in a few minor facets, such as the elimination the carried interest loophole and merely reducing the U.S.’s global corporate taxation rather than scrapping it wholly, Trump’s plan doesn’t deviate all that much from current mainstream GOP thinking on taxes. Yet, it’s a world away from the one he put forth back 2000. At the time, Trump was considering the presidential run on the Reform party ticket and published a volume of public policy proposals called The America We Deserve .

The disjointed set of proposals in the book operate the gamut from letting Trump simultaneously serve as chairperson and U.S. Trade Representative to holding their own nationals lottery to pay for the War on Terror. The book’s most fleshed-out notion is a revolutionary tax-reform plan that marries long-term middle-class taxation cuts with a gigantic one-time tax on the wealthy.

I would impose a one-time 14.25 percentage tax on individuals and trusts with a net worth over $10 million, Trump wrote. That would raise $5.7 trillion in new revenue, which would we use to pay off the national debt . … We would save $200 billion in interest pays, which would allow us to cut taxes on middle-class working households by $100 billion a year.

Income from the proposed tax hike, which would have been the single largest taxation increase in American history if it were enacted, would be directed toward shoring up the looming budget holes in the Social Security trust fund, Medicare, and Medicaid. He would also remove all capital gains taxes, pay down government debts to zero, and end the practice of issuing U.S. government bonds.

When the Daily Dot ran Trump 2000 -era plan past a trio tax policy experts from across the ideological spectrum, all agreed it was both utterly unworkable and suggested Trump had little grasp on how the global economy functions.

To think that it’s a good idea to confiscate trillions of dollars of the wealth of high earners is altogether crackpot. For a businessman like Trump to propose it is even more crazy, Chris Edwards, director of tax policy analyzes at the libertarian Cato Institute, told the Daily Dot. He added that the sudden imposition of such an enormous tax obligation would cause financial markets to tank as wealthy individuals and estates sell off assets to pay their taxation bills. He clearly doesn’t is understood that the issue isn’t only the gross unfairness of the retroactive taxation of trillions of dollars after these folks have already earned it.

If enacted, Trump’s 2000 plan would have had the effect of encouraging more people to hold their assets outside the United States, experts said. Trump’s plan would likely constitute the largest taxation increase in American history, Edwards charged. For Trump not to recognize that business people are forward-looking is a classic instance of how he seems to simply shoot from the hip without actually trying to think things through.

Edwards added that Trump’s belief that a one-time cash infusion would have any lasting impact with regard to the health of Social security systems indicates a lack of intimacy with how the system is actually structured. The Social Security trust fund is not a big pond of savings in the bank. It’s merely an accounting entry, he said. Rather than simply use the money on Social security systems, Edwards said, the government would have an extra $100 billion sitting around and would expend it on other stuff.

Trump’s plan attracted different, albeit no less vociferous, criticism from experts on the other side of political spectrum. The primary goal of Trump’s tax was to pay down the national debt, but, in 2000, the national debt was already in the process of being paid down as a result of a government budget surplus. That surplus was about to be erased by a tax cut targeted principally at the wealthy and pair of foreign wars, but Trump had no way of knowing that at the time.

For Frank Clemente, executive director of the left-leaning Americans for Tax Fairness, Trump’s insistence that, once the national debt was altogether paid down, the country would stop issuing debt similarly indicated an ignorance of government finance. The current level of interest rates and Treasury bond rates makes it a phenomenal time for the U.S. government to borrow money to make the economy more productive and create a hell of a lot more, Clemente said. He’s a business personwho borrows money all the time to make investments, for weeping out loud. He, more than anybody, knows the value of borrowing money to induce you more productive.

Clinton’s tax plan

Unlike Trump’s sweeping proposals, Clinton’s reforms are considerably more targeted and integrated into a larger vision for restricting the economy. Whereas Trump’s campaign website dedicates a page solely to taxes, Clinton’s tax plan is just one part of A plan to raise American incomes.

On the whole, Clinton’s plan would increase taxes on wealthy Americans and create a number of incentives targeted by boosting the lucks of the poor and middle class. While Trump’s plan views taxation cuts as an objective in and of themselves, the increased government revenue garnered by the targeted tax expanded in Clinton’s plan are presented in the context of paying for expanded social programs elsewhere in the governmental forces.

In addition, it’s important to note that Clinton’s tax plan is, as her campaign insists, incomplete. What she’s made publicly available so far doesn’t include a proposal for low- and middle-class taxation cuts, which is reportedly still in the works.

In its analysis of Clinton’s plan, the Tax Foundation predicted it would increase tax revenue by nearly half a trillion dollars over the next decade; however, actual collecting would only be $191 billion due to the tax increase’s impact on overall economic growth. In contrast, the Tax Policy Center’s review estimated that Clinton’s proposals would increase revenue by $1.1 trillion over the same period of time, with virtually the entirety of that new taxation onu falling on the pocketbook of the wealthiest 1 percent of Americans.

The core of Clinton’s plan involves shifting regulations regarding how the wealthy are taxed. Currently, the top marginal rate for individuals is set at 39.6 percentage. By imposing a 4 percent surcharge on households earning over$ 5 million a year, Clinton would effectively create a new bracket above the one currently sitting at the top, with a rate of 43. 6 percent. Whereas Trump wants to wholly repeal the estate tax, which only affects about 0. 2 percent of Americans, Clinton would increase it to the pre-2 009 level.

As a way to ensure the wealthy don’t employ loopholes to end up with an effective rate substantially below the rate at which they’re supposed to be taxed, Clinton would cap itemized deductions at 28 percent and enact a policy labeled the Buffet Rule after billionaire investor Warren Buffett, which would install a 30 percentage taxation floor for people earning over$ 1 million a year.

She would also objective the carried interest loophole that allows many hedge fund, venture capital, and private equity fund managers to pay a taxes at a 20 percentage rate rather the considerably higher rate they would have to pay if their compensation was treated as regular income. In addition, Clinton’s plan involves increasing the tax on income from capital gains as a route to incentivize investors to hold their investments for longer terms rather than buying and selling in a quick, speculative flurry.

Clinton has called for making permanent a temporary $2,500 per student taxation credit for parents paying for their children to go to college. She would also put in place taxation incentives for businesses that have programs to share gains with their employees.

By the Tax Foundation’s estimations, if enforced, Clinton’s plan would reduce GDP by 1 percent over the long term and result in about 300,000 fewer full-time equivalent jobs. However, if Clinton’s tax plan is put into the context of a larger iniative to employ government programs to boost job growth, those numbers could change.

While Trump’s plan would almost certainly cause the national debt to skyrocket, Clinton’s changes to the tax code would shrink the national debt by $1.1 trillion over the course of 10 years and the other $2.1 trillion the decade after.

The former Secretary of State hasn’t called for a temporary taxation vacation aimed at enticing foreign companies to repatriate their earnings on the 2016 campaign trail, like Trump has. However, while in the Senate, Clinton did vote in favor of the 2004 American Jobs Creation Act, which had just such a provision. What happened in the interim? Maybe the Democratic Party has shifted to the left when it comes to corporate tax policy since then? Or maybe it was the 2011 release of a Senate report calling the $3.3 billion tax vacation a failed tax policy.

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