Facebook break can boost wellbeing, examine suggests

Research procures leaving social network for a week increases life gratification, particularly among heavy users and lurkers

Taking a breaking from Facebook can boost emotional wellbeing and life gratification, with the effects especially pronounced among persons who lurk on the social network without actively engaging with others, a study suggests.

The research by the University of Copenhagen demonstrated the effects of quitting for a week is likewise strong among heavy users and those who jealousy their Facebook friends, is recommended that people who pore irritably over the posts of others may benefit the most.

The reports writer, Morten Tromholt, from the universitys sociology department, said the findings suggested that changes in behaviour for example, heavy users reducing their time spent on Facebook, or lurkers actively engaging could yield positive results.

But he indicated that people could find it difficult to change their behaviour 13% of the studys participants who were supposed to be taking a break admitted to using the social network so quitting may be necessary.

The study, published in the periodical Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, involved 1,095 people, 86% of whom were women. They were haphazardly assigned to two groups: one that continued using Facebook as normal and one that stopped employing the social network for a week.

On average, the participants were aged 34, had 350 Facebook friends and spend just over an hour a day on the social network, which had 1.79 billion monthly active users in the third quarter of this year.

Questionnaires conducted at the beginning and end of the week indicated that taking a breach from the site increased life gratification and positive emotions. The effects of ceasing were found to be greater among heavy users, passive users and the individuals who envied others on the social network. There was no positive effect of taking a break for sunlight users.

Tromholt wrote: To induce things clear, if one is a heavy Facebook user, one should use Facebook less to increase ones wellbeing.

And if one tends to feel envy when on Facebook, one should avoid browsing the sections( or specific friends) on Facebook causing this resentment. And if one uses Facebook passively, one should reduce this kind of behaviour.

Due to habits, practicalities it may be difficult to change ones route of using Facebook. If this is the case, one should consider quitting Facebook for good.

Previous analyses have had mixed outcomes on the link between Facebook use and wellbeing. Some garnered similar findings, but others find no link and some found that time spent on the social network can boost wellbeing.

Brenda Wiederhold, the editor-in-chief of Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, told: This study found that lurking on Facebook may cause negative emotions. However, on the bright side previous studies have shown actively connecting with close friends, whether in real life or on Facebook, may actually increase ones sense of wellbeing.

Tromholt suggested that future surveys should investigate the effect of ceasing Facebook for a greater length of day and look at other social networks, including Instagram, Snapchat and Twitter.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Cutting-edge theatre: world’s first virtual reality operation runs live

Dr Shafi Ahmed will carry out surgery live-streamed in virtual reality, a move experts hope will build healthcare more equitable and help medical training

This Thursday afternoon, Shafi Ahmed will lean over a patient and begin a delicate operation to remove cancerous tissue from a male patients bowel. He has performed such procedures many times before. But this time it wont be only his surgical squad who are in the room with him the world will be there too.

Showing from 1pm the approximately two-hour long procedure at the Royal London Hospital is the worlds first operation to be streamed live in 360 -degree video, allowing medical students, trainee surgeons and curious members of the public to immerse themselves in the medical event in real time.

A cancer surgeon at Barts Health NHS Trust, Ahmed believes the approach could attain healthcare more equitable, improving the training of surgeons the world over. With internet connections becoming better, smartphones get ever cheaper and merely a pair of lenses and some cardboard needed to make a virtual reality headset the costs, he says, pale in comparison to the expenditure of students travelling abroad to train. It is actually quite cost effective, he said.

Shot use two 360 -degree cameras and a number of lenses arranged around the theater, the operation can be viewed through the VR in OR app, utilizing a virtual reality headset that is likely to be paired with a smartphone. Those who do not have a headset can watch the video live online.

While videos showcasing surgical procedures have been around for years, Ahmed believes the new approach is more than a mere gimmick. The technology, he argues, brings a valuable new feature to education, letting viewers to focus not just on what the surgeon is doing, but also on what other members of the team are up to. There is likely to be noise, there will be the immersive factor so that will add different layers of educational value, he added.

George Hanna, professor of surgical sciences at Imperial College, London is cautiously optimistic about the benefits of the approach. If this technology allows the transfer of knowledge and abilities[ over] a wider range and in an easier route that would be very beneficial.

But he is quick to add that, compared with existing approaches for sharing scenes from the operating theatre, the new technology offers more of an upgrade than a revolution. It is a good video and broad broadcast with interactive[ possibilities ], he told, stressing that the operation itself is real rather than virtual.

It is not the first time that Ahmed has led the style in embracing modern technology in healthcare. As co-founder of the healthcare company Medical Realities( which will be streaming the operation in collaboration Barts Health and 360 -degree video experts Mativision ), he believes virtual reality, augmented reality and games all play a role in training medical students: two years ago he streamed a live operation using the augmented reality system, Google Glass, permitting viewers to ensure the procedure from a surgeons point of view.

But the new 360 -degree video, says Ahmed, offers a new, immersive approach, allowing users to assure beyond what the surgeon is looking at. Among the developments he envisages, Ahmed is keen to add graphics to the raw footage to provide additional information during the operation, as well as taking questions from those viewing the procedure.

[ During an operation] I am teaching people, talking to them, there is communication going on so itll be just an extension of that, he told. Whats more, in three to five years haptic devices could boost the experience further, he added. Companies are genuinely working on various gloves or bodysuits and devices so that it can replicate touch and feel, he told.

Such technologies, said Ahmed could be a boon to health care. But he added, the role of patients in agreeing to take part should not be forgotten. Ultimately, it is about the operation, about[ the patient ], about his cancer care and that has to be the priority for everyone, he said. The fact that patients have agreed to do this before with the Google Glass and again, it is quite reassuring and quite humbling.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Apple aims to get an iPad in the hands of every hospital patient

Apple has made great strides in health in the last few years and if it gets its style, there will be an iPad in the hands of every hospital patient.

Its already started with a smattering of hospitals around the U.S. including Jacobs Medical Center at UC San Diego, MetroSouth Medical Center in Chicago and about a year ago at Cedars-Sinai in Los Angeles.

Earlier this week, I went down to L.A. to take a tour of Cedars-Sinais pilot program permitting patients direct access to their vitals, care team and educational tools through iPads.

Doctors are already hotshot at using mobile devices and many have been using iPads in their practises for a number of years now, but permitting patients access to their own info is still a novel idea in the medical world. Cedars has been somewhat ahead of the curve with the creation of its EHR software My CS-Link, which lets patients to look up their information online, including notes from their doctor.

However, without the iPad, doctors and nurses have to follow a paper trail and then write up duplication information on a white board often found on the back wall up the patients room. Mistakes can happen and, as Cedars-Sinai doctor Shaun Miller told me, the staff often run out of room to write, leading to confusion or a lack of information for the patient.

Cedars employs Epics MyChart software to record vitals and other info on approximately 50 iPads in its heart failure division where patients often have to stay for an extended period of time. One patient, 32 -year-old Awad Lsallum, traveled all the route from Saudi Arabia in hopes of receiving a new heart. To be honest Lsallum did not is felt that impressed with the device. Hed already been at Cedars for a total of 40 days and said he gave the iPad back after a while. But he did sayit was comforting to have the iPad so he knows whats going on.

The program also benefits the care squad. Michelle Williams, a registered nurse at Cedars told TechCrunch the program stimulated it easier for nurses. The nursing staff often get stuck with duplicate work necessitating both training patients on care and checking to see if they have all the necessary information. However, the program offers educational videos on the iPad and a handy way for patients to insure all their information at the same time.

In another segment of the hospital, new parents are utilizing unmodified iPads to FaceTime with their newborns who may be sick or premature. These babies need to be kept isolated from the outside world and the germs that come with it so new mothers arent usually able to see their newborn for a few days after they are born. But, with what the nurses refer to as BabyTime( FaceTime for newborns ), mothers can interact virtually with their little one while they wait.

Other hospitals, including those mentioned above, have espoused Apples tools as well. The trick now is to place these devices into the patients hands something both Apple and Cedars-Sinai seem to be trying to do.

Of course, these devices come with a few security headaches even more so when you open up the information to patients. But despite the worries, Miller welcomes the new technology.

A year in and he says Its a lot easier now to communicate, adding the next step would be opening up APIs and adding data standards so[ the information] is accurate.

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Life in the Peoples Republic of WeChat

Ive had WeChat on my phone since a vacation to Beijing last year, when friends there essentially ordered me to download it. More than 760 million people use it regularly worldwide; its basically how people in China communicate now. Its actually a lot of trouble not to employ WeChat when youre there, and socially weird, like refusing to wear shoes.

In China, 90 percent of internet users connect online through a mobile device, and those people on average spend more than a third of their internet time in WeChat. Its basically a messaging app, but it also serves many of the functions of PayPal, Yelp, Facebook, Uber, Amazon, Expedia, Slack, Spotify, Tinder, and more. People use WeChat to pay rent, situate parking, expend, make a doctors appointment, find a one-night stand, donate to charity. The police in Shenzhen pay rewards through WeChat to people who rat out traffic violatorsthrough WeChat.

Illustrator: Steph Davidson

Its nothing special to look at, as far as smartphone apps go. The first screen that opens is the chat creek; a menu at the bottom get you to other areas, like a WeChat wallet and a moments stream for Facebook-like posts. Companies, media outlets, celebrities, and brands also open official accounts that you can follow to get news and promotions. The design stands out merely for its relative simplicity and pacify; the online mainstream in China is overpopulated with weird click-bait and manic GIFs.

Zhang Xiaolong, WeChats creator and something of a cult figure in China, has called WeChat a lifestyle. I rolled my eyes when I first heard that. Then I went back to Beijing in April.

My colleague Lulu Chen, who encompasses WeChats parent , Tencent, has sent me the phone numbers of some potential contactsbut why bellow when WeChat is so much easier? I use the chat function to set up meetings during my visit. One of my contacts mentions a WeChat convention the day after I arrive, and so, on a Sunday afternoon, I show up at the Design Service Center, an industrial-chic space in the historic city centre. The mob is largely young, a mix of Chinese and expatriate, and the mood is festive. Free wine stands three bottles deep on the bar.

I drift by company displays and find myself at the table for Yoli, a business that offers a sort of velocity dating for English learners: 15 -minute on-demand tutoring conferences with native speakers through WeChat. Two sheets of paper taped to the table each bear a pixelated QR code: Scan one to become a teacher, scan the other to become a student.

The Chinese term for this ritual, sao yi sao , promptly becomes familiar. Everyone and almost everything on WeChat has a QR code, and sao yi sao-ing with your phone is both constant and strangely satisfying. James, a tanned American with unruly blond hair who mans the Yoli table, is here to host a workshop called How We Built a WeChat App& Recovered Our Development Cost Within 24 hrs. He scans my code, which gives him my WeChat profile and also generated by the equivalent of a friend petition; I accept, and we agree to meet during the course of its week, skipping right over the old-fashioned niceties of last names and business cards.

The presentations are about to start, and plane lag is kicking in. I hurry to the coffee counter for an iced Americano. Theres a QR code in a plastic photo frame. The woman ahead of me is scanning it. I try it, andWeChat fail. Ive entered a credit card into WeChat, but it wont work, and my WeChat wallet is empty. I feel distinctly self-conscious fumbling around for yuan. Ive been in WeChat-era China one day, and already cash fund feelings embarrassing.

Shake, which connects the user with a random person to message with .